World’s Best Eco Vegan Toothbrush! Eureka!

World’s Best Eco Vegan Toothbrush! Eureka!


How is it that some people who have never used a toothbrush have also never had a cavity.  At last – after wondering and researching casually for over ten years, I have found it!

Why the Stick? and Buy the Stick!

image source

The World’s Best Eco Vegan Toothbrush!

and guess what! It’s a STICK!  cut from the roots of the licorice plant!    see all about Licorice

i have found the STICK!  my search is over!

my search ended at Shipards Herb FarmLicorice Book   and    Licorice Root
from Shipards Herb Farm: How To Order –  If know what you are after, you may order or check the availability and price of any plants by emailing us at



Improvement is noticeable within a week! using the sticks naturally improves mouth hygiene dramatically.

i have been using my licorice stick now for three days. And my  teeth have taken on opalescent or perhaps a porcelain quality – and the faint patchiness of this new whiteness emerging indicate that there is more tooth whitening to come.
whitening was the last thing I was thinking of when I thought I would give this stick a real tryout!

PS miswak inspired me to find something here in australia.  and o dear, dare i say it? i think my licorice-root stick is even better than the best miswak. it is softer than most sticks, but i will reserve opinion until i test a few different miswak sticks.

for a period of about 1 year, i have had one tiny area at the base of one tooth which was seemed always to have an infection .  the dentist discovered it, and named it as pyorrhoea and cleaned under the skin at the base of the tooth. and it was gone. yet six months later, the pyorrhoea returned.

during this three days of using my lovely  licorice-root toothbrush, the most wonderful toothbrush of all,  i now do not have the beginnings of gum disease  … yeehah

Read more from these Fans of the Stick
1 Nadia, another fan of the STICK 
Growing up on the Caribbean island of Trinidad, my Mother was given the twigs of the hibiscus tree to use as a toothbrush – they referred to this as datwan
another possible fan, a learner’s diary blogger
3 the most excellent site all about Miswak and teeth

STOP PRESS!  UPDATE! march 2017

dawn of a new era = fancy MISWAK toothbrush    SWAK from Germany



Using Miswak has made me want to smile a lot more. Miswak has made my teeth a lot whiter. I wish I had taken pictures of my teeth two months ago. If I had, you would see a stark contrast between what my teeth looked like before I started using Miswak, and what they look like now. My teeth still aren’t perfect, but if I keep using Miswak, they will be.

Using Miswak has made me want to smile a lot more. Miswak has made my teeth a lot whiter. I wish I had taken pictures of my teeth two months ago. If I had, you would see a stark contrast between what my teeth looked like before I started using Miswak, and what they look like now. My teeth still aren’t perfect, but if I keep using Miswak, they will be.

A little history ….
Indigenous people, who typically possess a mouthful of flawless teeth, use herbs, twigs and roots to clean their teeth. Even the skulls of cavemen depict a mouthful of nearly flawless teeth. Our ancestors were using something natural to clean their teeth. Perhaps, something such as licorice root which is also an antibacterial herb that reduces plaque and has anti-cavity functions.

i have found the STICK!  my search is over!

UPDATE june 2017
because i have found my perfect toothbrush, the licorice-root, this site is now archived, still maintained. the only difference is that there are no longer any “contact” or “feedback” page. you can still comment on posts and pages.

thank you for your interest in this site dear readers – it is very widely read, so thank you for reading!       Cheers from marion


Bamboo Floss is Part biodegradable Plastic


At last! I have found The floss I have looking for. a Floss which is both biodegradable and vegan.

Did I really find it at last? so I thought for about 2 minutes,before I asked…. how can bamboo finre be spun into a very thin, strong thread? I thought, well towels and clothing are made of bamboo threads aren’t they. Perhaps this is like a cotton thread using in weaving.

no. Apparently, this floss is made from 100 biodegradeable bamboo. I then found many “bamboo” flosses.

I thought about my long search for a floss ….have been looking for floss without plastic and chemicals for a while now. Silk would be strong, yet made from killing silkworms. Though there is a new way of producing sulk – peace silk which does not require killing silkworms.

Lucky-teeth use Peace silk in their vegan Silk floss. And cornstarch. And I cannot see how cornstarch would be strong enough. The same as bamboo, if it was without the plastic.

3 reasons to try Lucky-Teeth Bamboo floss

Etee has an interesting chewable toothpaste worth trying

And theN i came across many bamboo flosses. And one of them said the following … Charcoal fibres 80% Polyester 20%

Then I googled “how is bamoo floss made from bamboo?”. No productive search results.

Here is another – Lucky Teeth – which says the polyester will break down in 60-90 days. As below.



I do not want to look for a floss anymore. For the want of a product I really like,

I have decided that I will be happy with the aspen wood interdental. I discovered it just yesterday.

Sustainable Jungle has a valuable  overview of flosses available






History of Wood Interdentals


Short History of the Toothpick

Handcarved  Interdentals


San Francisco Call, Volume 77, Number 90, 10 March 1895

They Are Made by Peasants in Spain and Portugal. “I wonder how many of the men who come in here and use the orange-wood toothpicks,” said a man in an uptown hotel, “know where they come from arid how they are made? They are made by the cleverest whittlers in the world, and every one of them is of hand manufacture.
The peasants in Spain and Portugal make them, and they first found their way into this country through the medium of steamship officers. It is a fact that hotels in all parts of this country are using these orange-wood slivers now in preference to either quills or the old-fashioned toothpicks, and the demand for them here has been a perfect godsend to the peasants who make them on the other side.

“A year or so ago I was in Spain, and saw the peasants making them. They could turn one out with three slashes of the knife, and it was their custom to do them up in packages of twenty and sell them to tourists and steamship officers for the equivalent of 1 cent of our money. At that time the peasants made them in their leisure moments, but now I am told many peasants make their living manufacturing toothpicks. You see the demand for them has increased to such an extent that the peasants can sell all they make. The steamship officers sell them here at a profit of about a cent on each package, which amounts to considerable when a large number are sold.

A peculiar phase of the matter is that not a cent of duty is asked for or paid on them. They were formerly received in such small quantities that no attention was paid to them, and the steamship officers are still able to get them in free, because toothpicks are the last things cusToms officers are looking for.

And as toothpicks they are really excellent. They are strong and flexible, and, instead of breaking, tear, so that there is no danger of the end suddenly breaking off and remaining in the tooth, a characteristic of the old Drittle toothpicks. It is a wonder to me that some one doesn’t make a business of importing them. . I believe that steamship officers have a monopoly of the business up to date, and I am sure that, there would be money in it for somebody if he snatched the business out of their hands.”
— York Sun.

Interdens Alternative


yesterday, for want of a toothpick i used a wooden match. A Redheads wooden match. You know, those things we always used insted of disposable lighters which when disposed of, clog up the seven seas and kill marine life.

i went to break the red head off and it did not snap off like it always had. So i bit it off with my teeth. Even that was difficult.

This is strange i thought. What’s happened to the Readhead matches i know so well? I have always been able to snap the red head off when using it as a toothpick.

As i glided the match between my teeth, i was pleasantly surprised. It was so soft. It had squashed itself to take on the shape of the space between my two teeth.

Wow! That’s different. The Redhead match I have known was not this soft! They were hard wood and brittle, readily splintering! And splintering is not what you want in an interdental !

When I use an interdental, the main purpose is to dislodge any plaque between the teeth. and i also wanted an interdental which would be soft against the gum, to stimulate the blood flow. And also if possible be able to dislodge tartar between my teeth. I have not attended to interdental cleaning for years because I hated dental floss, the feel of it, what it is made of.  And because interdens became unavailable. They were such a superlative product, I found it diffult to persevere with anything else, consequently I now have massive tartar between my teeth. Eek!

i felt the satisfying friction on the two teeth. yes, this is indeed scraping off plaque and in time, tartar. great!

Could this Readhead match be it? Until i can find a purpose-made wooden interdental to finally take the place of Interdens? Has the Readhead match changed or am i imagining it?

I searched online and found Readhead on Wikipedia. Readheads are no longer manufactured in Australia! Bryant and May had been manufacturing the safety match for almost 60 years, when a Swedish company took over the task.

Swedish Manufacturer of Redheads Matches

the most brilliant thing is ….. the Swedish matches at this factory are made from the Aspen tree! the aspen wood is soft. it does not splinter. the reason that this is important is that the match when inserted interdentally ie between the the teeth, the wood will squash itself into the size of your interdental space because of its softness, yet keep its firmness so that the wood rubs against the sides of the two teeth.

any plaque or worse tartar, will be worn away, without damage to the dentine and without the wood splintering, as the original readheads we’re want to do. also importantly, the swedish manufacturer does not lace the wood with toxic chemicals.

Jordon interdentals

I have been looking for a replacement for the best interdental toothpick, “Interdens”. Interdens are no longer manufactured. They are geeatly missed by people all round the world.

and the only similar product fairly available in Australia, is Jordon, found at a Chemist in Bangalow NSW. however the problem with Jordon is that they lace their product with a poison – a flouride of some kind.

also the wood which Jordon uses is not soft and splinter-free such as interdens were.

Long-time user of Interdens tests Jordon
Following is their review online at Kleenteeth.

Too Thin, Too Sharp, Too Pliable.
Posted by Stuart M Crouch on 8th May 2013

“I bought these to replace the Thin Interdens Gum Massage Sticks I had been using for 40 years (Interdens), but which have now been discontinued. I hoped that the Jordan product would be similar. Unfortunately, they seem too fragile (they bend very easily) and they are extremely sharp and have to be used with great care to avoid puncturing the gum. I also don’t like that they are pointed on both ends. It makes them tricky to handle without a incurring a stab wound to the finger. Perhaps the thicker variety would be a better choice”.


interdens were made of the perfect wood for toothpicks- orange tree wood – the same wood such the Portuguese peasants  used to hand carve their toothpicks. they sold their hand carved picks to the crews on the ships homeward-bound. to far-flung corners of the world.
Eventually a manufacturer, Estes mechanised orange wood toothpicks.

I have used Interdens since the



What Happens If We Don’t Clean Between Our Teeth


according to reports by dentist, some people who never even clean their teeth can have super healthy teeth. so i am not including them in this generalisation. in this introduction, i am referring to folks who regularly eat the usual western diet ……


If we do not clean in between our teeth, we end up with a hard substance on our teeth which is known as tartar. Unlike brushing to remove plaque, tartar can only be removed by our dentist. If tartar is left untreated or un-removed, more dangerous bacteria can continue to build up on it. These harmful bacteria produce harmful toxins which irritate and cause inflammation of our gums.

When our gums are irritated and inflamed we have what is called gingivitis.

If gingivitis is left untreated it can progress to periodontal disease.

Periodontal disease is a condition in which bacteria and the harmful toxins they release invade the gums and the bone and other structures that surround our teeth supporting them. This can lead to bone loss, loose teeth, and eventually the teeth could fall out because now there is no bone or structure holding our tooth in place.

Why We Floss

The reason why we both floss and brush our teeth is to reduce the number of bacteria that reside in our mouths. There are millions of bacteria that live in our mouths and it is up to us to remove them to ensure optimal oral health. These bacteria, if left unremoved, feed on the food that gets left behind in our mouth after we have eaten. As a result of feasting on these food particles, these bacteria produce acid which eats up our tooth enamel resulting in cavities. These bacteria also cause bad breath by releasing what are called sulfur compounds. These bacteria attach to our tooth surfaces and are known as plaque. Plaque is the white, sticky substance that is found on our tooth surfaces which contain all these bacteria. Brushing the teeth will remove most these bacteria, but there are some that get left behind because the toothbrush can not get in between the teeth. This is why we need to floss. Flossing allows the bacteria in between the teeth to be removed. The American Dental Association recommends that we brush at least twice a day.

Importance of Flossing

You see next to brushing, flossing is the most important thing that you can do to ensure good oral health.
Flossing is important for several reasons:
Flossing removes plaque from those hard to reach places in between the teeth where the toothbrush bristles don’t go through. If we don’t floss through these areas then as time goes by plaque begins to accumulate and cavities begin to form.
. It reduces bad breath
. Prevents calculus (Tartar) from forming.
. If bacteria is not removed then it could lead to inflammation of the gums and even periodontal disease.


Various Methods of Interdental Cleaning

Wooden or Plastic Interdental Sticks

A modern adaptation of the toothpick is the triangular shaped wooden or plastic stick. Inter proximal cleaning can be aided with these triangular sticks. Wooden sticks are made of balsa or birch wood, and are more pliable than plastic sticks. Wooden sticks have another advantage over plastic sticks; the wooden tip can be softened in the mouth by moistening with saliva. A softer, more pliable stick can be adapted more easily to the proximal surface for more effective cleaning, and has less potential for gingival damage over time. These sticks are triangular in cross section to slide easily between the teeth, to conform to the shape of the embrasures space, and to reduce potential tissue trauma. Triangular wood or plastic tips should only be used on embrasures where the gum does not completely fill the space in between the teeth.

How to use a Wooden or Plastic Stick

Moisten the end of the triangular wood stick to soften it. Insert it inter proximally from the cheek side. Place the flat surface, or base of the triangle on the gum in between the teeth. Use a finger rest to prevent applying too much pressure of the tip of the stick against the gingiva. Press against the gum to flatten it slightly. Angle the stick slightly towards the edge of the tooth. Move the triangular stick from the side of the toot facing the cheek ton other opposite side near the tongue. Apply approximately four brushing strokes with moderate pressure on each side of the embrasure or space. Discard the stick when it becomes splayed to prevent splinters from entering the gum. splaying or fraying usually occurs when you have used it on one side if the arch. Plastics sticks can be washed and reused. Using triangular wood or plastic sticks to reduce bacteria has demonstrated a reduction in inflammation and bleeding sites. Wood triangular sticks have been shown to remove build up 2 to 3 mm from inside the gum by pushing down slightly in to the gums.


Floss String or Floss Tape

tape is soft and wide. string is hard and narrow.



Dental floss holder

Note: floss can be used with “my floss friend” or another dental floss holder






Knitting Wool

In areas where the gums that are in between the teeth have be worn down or in areas where teeth are exceptionally far apart, white knitting yarn can be used in place of floss for cleaning the sufaces in between teeth. Synthetic knitting yarn is recommended because wool yarn leaves microfibers that could irritate the gums. Knitting yarn can be used around the abutment teeth of fixed appliance, under pontics when the space is large enough. It is also used for bridges, teeth with open interproximal spaces, exposed furcations, around malpositioned teeth or separated teeth, and the back of the last molars.

Pipe Cleaners

A pipe cleaner is an interdental aid that is used to clean in between tooth surfaces with wide spacing. It is important to note that pipe cleaners should not be inserted all the way between the teeth, but rather just far enough to massage the tissue and remove any plaque. Pipe cleaners are recommended for individuals with Class III embrassures and for exposed furcations.

The metal core of the pipe cleaner makes it easier in open space, but should be used with caution since it can damage soft tissues. Pipe cleaners should be cut into 3- inch lengths, and a section is inserted into the embrasure space or furcation area. Wrap around the inner root surface and move back and forth in a “shoeshine” motion.

Cotton Gauze Strip/Bandage

Gauze is used to loosen and remove plaque and debris

Gauze strip is a folded 6- to 8-inch piece of sterile gauze used to clean abutment teeth, teeth located at the end of a row, the space underneath dental appliances that cannot be completely removed, and between teeth that are exceptionally far apart. A gauze strip can be used to clean the sides of a tooth that are located near where a tooth is missing., teeth that are widely spaced, or implant abutments. Gauze strips have also been recommended to clean the farthest side of a tooth which is farther back in the mouth and for dental implant abutments.

How to use a Gauze Strip
A 1-inch wide gauze bandage is cut into lengths of 6- to 8-inches and folded into half or thirds. The length wise edge of the gauze is positioned with the fold toward the gingiva or gums, and the edges folded inward to avoid gingival irritation. The gauze is adapted by wrapping it around the exposed proximal surface to the facial and tongue side of the tooth in a c- shape..




Waterpik version



What’s the difference between plaque and tartar?



“What’s the difference between plaque and tartar?” is a frequently asked question. Patients often think they’re the same thing. And they are kind of— but not really. Let me explain.

What Is Plaque?

Plaque is that soft, sticky film (harmful bacteria) that builds up on your teeth and under your gums throughout the day.

Fortunately, harmful plaque can be easily removed during, twice daily, tooth brushing and flossing.

  Any plaque that’s missed while brushing can cause our gums to become inflamed, appear red and puffy, and cause them to bleed more easily. When this happens, this is called gingivitis.

  Gingivitis is a reversible stage of gum (or periodontal disease) disease. Gingivitis left untreated can lead to advanced stages of periodontal disease and even tooth loss.

note: Plaque is known also as Biofilm

What Is Tartar?

If plaque is left on your teeth for too long, it will harden and become calcified.

  Tartar is calcified plaque and is also commonly known as calculus.

  Tartar or calculus is not easily removed during tooth brushing and flossing. In fact, only a dental professional can remove tooth tartar. And tartar removal is one of the reasons why the American Dental Association recommends you to have your teeth professionally cleaned and examined by a dentist every six months.

What’s The Difference between plaque and tartar?

The primary difference between plaque and tartar is its age and how easy (or not) it can be removed from the surfaces of teeth and gums.

  Loosely attached plaque eventually hardens if not removed.

  Effective tooth brushing and flossing can remove dental plaque from teeth surfaces, whereas, tartar or calculus can only be removed by a dental professional.

  It’s worth repeating here how important it is to brush and floss daily.

Photo Source: Pinterest


How does dental plaque form?

When you eat—especially carbohydrates or sugar—mix with the saliva (containing bacteria and germs) in your mouth to produce an acid.

  Over time, frequent and repeated acid attacks on a healthy tooth will impact the strength and integrity of the outermost layer of a tooth known as tooth enamel.

  The higher number of acid attacks tooth enamel is exposed to, the greater the risk teeth have for developing a cavity (tooth decay).

  Tooth decay is an irreversible condition that requires a visit to your dentist for a restoration. Left untreated, tooth decay will eventually progress to the innermost layer of the tooth containing the nerve and become quite painful until resolved. There is no known cure for tooth decay.

What does plaque look like on teeth?

The appearance of plaque in the mouth varies person to person. Generally speaking, plaque appears in varying shades of yellow-brown. The variation in color of a person’s plaque is dependant upon a person’s diet, overall health, and effectiveness of one’s daily oral health care practices.

Before and after picture of teeth professionally cleaned.

Pictured right is a before and after picture of a person who had their teeth professionally cleaned. If you look closely in the before picture, you’ll notice how the gums appear red, puffy and irregular in shape. This is because the plaque was not removed and hardened into tartar.

  The after picture shows a marked difference in the appearance of the teeth following a professional teeth cleaning.

  PS. The bleeding you see in the after picture is residual bleeding from the inflamed gums. If we were to take another follow up picture within 24-48 hours, you would no longer see any bleeding. Instead you would see the gums to be light pink-coral in color and no more puffiness or swollen gums.

How to remove plaque

The American Dental Association recommends for us to brush our teeth for two minutes, two times per day (morning and before bed) and to floss once daily.Brushing and flossing teeth help

Cleaning smooth surfaces

  Several studies have shown that electric toothbrushes when used correctly remove plaque and food debris than using a manual toothbrush.

Cleaning between teeth

  String floss is not your only option for cleaning between teeth. For there is a wide variety of dental “toothpick” styles to choose from.

  Our favorite are soft picks by Gum. They are single use, flexible, and available in different widths. Their flat handle and compact size make it easy for men to keep a few in their wallets and for women to carry in the purse.

  Waterpiks are another great option that research has shown to be almost as effective as traditional string floss.  A waterpik has multiple tips and settings that help you to effectively remove food debris between your teeth and gums.

Don’t forget to clean your tongue too!

  There are a variety of tongue cleaners and scrapers available that clean the top surface of your tongue and cheeks better than toothbrush bristles.

Use an antibacterial mouthrinse

 t’s inevitable that there will be plaque left behind following tooth brushing and flossing. Vigorously swishing with an antibacterial mouthrinse for 30 seconds will help to reduce the potency of left behind plaque.

  Popular antibacterial rinses include Crest Pro-Health and Listerine. Look for an alcohol-free variety if you suffer from a dry mouth. Alcohol-free varieties are also recommended for kids.

Chewing gum with Xylitol between meals

  Chewing gum that contains Xylitol has shown to help reduce the formation of plaque and can help reduce the severity of an “acid attack”. People who are sensitive to sugar alcohols should avoid using Xylitol products.

What happens if plaque and tartar are not removed?

Having your teeth professionally cleaned every six months to help prevent decayIf not removed, plaque and tartar will inflame teeth and gums causing your mouth to become very sore and make it increasingly difficult to chew comfortably.

  Plaque is a harmful bacteria that accumulates on the surfaces of teeth and gums.

  If not removed, plaque migrates downward on the tooth till it reaches the bone that holds your teeth inside the jawbone. When this happens, you have a non-reversible condition called periodontitis (commonly known as gum disease).

  Additionally, the presence of acidic plaque on teeth surfaces impacts the integrity of tooth enamel. Weakened tooth enamel is at an increased risk for developing tooth decay (dental cavity).

  Tooth decay is not reversible and requires the placement of a restoration from a dentist.

Call to schedule a professional teeth cleaning appointment

Call Dentistry for the Entire Family at (763)710-2865 to schedule a professional teeth cleaning and exam today.

Notes by Editor:

don’t use listerine if you want to avoid toxic ingredients. make your own wash by saturating unprocessed sea salt in warm water.

toxic= any substance which is either made naturally in the body eg food grade hydrogen peroxide ….. or that the cells cannot use to nourish or hydrate the cells.


Buy a Natural Bristle Toothbrush


online shop – brilliant quality- all shops used to be like this

other stockist  of several recommended brands: fuchs, lactona

FUCHS Manufactured in Germany. Fuchs (pronounced like “Fewks”)  meaning “fox”
Pure Natural Bristle – Natural bristle brushes are especially useful for people who require soft-bristled brushes to avoid damaging tooth enamel or sensitive gums. Natural bristle brushes run softer than their nylon counterparts. A soft natural brush is equivalent to an extra soft nylon one etc.
Fuchs Toothbrushes represent the state of the art in toothbrush design. Fuchs comes from one of the world’s leading toothbrush companies domiciled in Europe. The line goes far beyond standard nylon toothbrushes to include natural bristle toothbrushes, unique head and handle shapes for optimal dental hygiene, and the patented EkoTec replaceable head toothbrush system. Fuchs represents the future of dental hygiene with a brush to fit every need.

Fuch’s online shop      USD $ 5 soft. med.

Natural Jr Childs Medium UDS $5


iiHerb  On Sale Price now AUD $6 – soft. med.

KOH-I-NOOR    Manufactured in Italy. Extremely high quality.

USD $15 – $26.
Soft- badger bristle. Med and hard -Boar bristle.

Sale on now


Soft – Badger bristle

from left.soft to hardest. badger, black boar, white boar, nylon.



AKKA KAPPA  manufacture in italy

Acca Kappa Heritage Toothbrush – Black

7 euro. .medium bristles only

REDEKKER Manufactured in Germany


LACTONA Manufactured by family company in US

med. firm. xfirm

#18 NATURAL.    $34.00  3 rows of bristles + rubber pick

Lactona’s #18 features a short tapered neck with three rows of 18 tufts on the head that are perfectly end-rounded and serrated. The design of this brush is great for effectively cleaning between small spaces as well as maneuvering within a smaller oral cavity. Available with extremely effective boars bristles, this brush features a rubber stimulator toothtip® for ultimate oral health.

Available in assorted colors.

The Lactona story began in 1932 in St Paul, Minnesota where the company’s founder and first president, Dr. Glenn Millard decided to manufacture the ideal dental tools that he would personally want to use on his patients. He derived the name, Lactona, from the chemical Galactonic Lactone, an ingredient in elementary toothpaste that was sold by Lactona when the company first started. During the 1940’s, Lactona Corp. was in the forefront of a major change in toothbrush handle manufacturing – injection molding – that created the more durable, simpler handles of today. Prior to the advent of nylon filament, the handles featured hog bristles. To this day, Lactona has carried the excellent cleaning capability of the hog bristle into current manufacturing. The hog bristles are responsibly and ethically harvested, then washed and dried, sorted by length and color, and bleached and treated which is primarily done by hand requiring considerable skill. Lactona is the only American toothbrush manufacturer that still offers the highly effective natural bristle brush.

What makes Lactona’s toothbrushes more safe on delicate gingiva? Take a closer look taken with scanning electron microscope photography

i like the idea of this brush but do not buy this brush – the bamboo “bristles” will scratch your teeth enamel for sure

Citridodiol Links




about mosi-guard company

Science Journal Articles

Where to Buy





  • Active Ingredient, Extract of Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus (OLE)
  • Aqua, Ethanol and Isopropyl Alcohol



Lemon Scented Gum Eucalyptus citriodora; Family Myrtacae


What is PMD?

PMD is the abbreviation for p-menthane- 3,8-diol, also known as para-menthane- 3,8-diol, and is an active ingredient used in insect repellents. It is found in small quantities in the essential oil from the leaves of the Eucalyptus citriodora tree, also known as Corymbia citriodora. This tree is native to Australia, but is now cultivated in many warm places around the world.

What is PMDRBO?

PMDRBO (PMD Rich Botanic Oil) is a generic name for Citriodiol®, a naturally sourced active substance containing p-menthane- 3,8-diol (PMD) and other naturally occurring components from the Eucalyptus citriodora tree’s oil (common name: Lemon eucalyptus).

Is natural PMD the same as synthetic PMD?

No. PMD in Citriodiol® is generated directly from essential oils. The PMD from this oil is sold along-side the other naturally occurring constituents in the raw oil as a combined product with 100% purity. This natural PMD product, which is called PMD rich botanic oil or PMDRBO, has been notified under the BPR as “a mixture of cis-and trans-PMD/Citriodiol” and is about 50% more effective in repelling insects than like quantities of synthetic PMD.

By comparison, what is commonly referred to as synthetic PMD is not derived from an essential oil, but rather is typically a by-product of far more complicated multi-step chemical processes, for example making menthol. The resulting material contains only PMD and has no essential oil co-constituents.

Why is natural PMD (PMDRBO) better than synthetic PMD?

Simply put, in our view it is better for the consumer and better for the environment. Consumers benefit because naturally sourced PMD (i.e. PMDRBO) performs significantly better than synthetic PMD. An independent study published comparing synthetic PMD with PMDRBO shows that with like amounts of PMD, PMDRBO performed 50% better in repelling the target organism (in that case Aedes mosquitoes). (Drapeau 2011). In this study a 20% PMDRBO (which at a min 64% PMD contained ca. 13% PMD) alcohol spray offered over 5 hours complete protection against Aedes mosquitoes whereas the 13% synthetic PMD product provided only 3 ¼ hours of protection.

While both forms of PMD are rapidly biodegradable, the real benefit to the environment from PMDRBO is that it actually exists in nature in its final form. This means nothing is being added to the environment that has the potential to upset its natural order and balance. In addition, because the material used to make Citriodiol® is Eucalyptus citriodora oil, and this oil is distilled just from the leaves of some of the branches of the tree, allowing the tree to continue growing, using PMDRBO actually encourages the growth and maintenance of healthy trees to reduce the overall carbon dioxide content of our atmosphere. Even the waste product from the oil distillation process, known as “bagasse,” is added directly back to the soil around the trees as fertilizer, and is also dried and used to fire the boiler.


Homemade Vegan Toothpaste by Limitless Vibrations


this looks great!

around 3 tab. coconut oil

calcium magnesium with trace minerals.

2 tab. diatomaceous earth

1 teaspoon neem oil

vanilla extract (for nice taste)

clove oil 10 -20 drops

Mix and Serve! Yum Yum

How to Avoid Failing Teeth as Fruitarians



Don’t Eat Unripe Fruit
Don’t Brush the teeth after eating citrus – Instead swill mouth out with water – and when the mouth is definitely clean ie no food, then floss.

The Truth About Your Biodegradable Bamboo Toothbrush


following is an extract from My Plastic – Free Life. go here for full original article.

There’s no perfect toothbrush, but some toothbrushes are less perfect than others, and sadly, a few of them aren’t even what they claim to be.  Here are a few disappointing facts I have learned recently about other companies’ toothbrushes.  

Fully Compostable = Animal-Based

Right now, the only completely compostable toothbrush has a handle made from sustainably harvested wood and bristles made from pig hair.  (Here’s an example.)  The pig hair is a by-product of the Chinese meat industry.  It would normally have been thrown away.  If you eat meat, perhaps this toothbrush would be the right decision for you.  I personally have chosen not to use it because the only meat I eat comes from humanely raised animals from local farms in Sonoma or Marin Counties.  Since I don’t know how the Chinese pigs are treated, I don’t feel comfortable using their bristles for a toothbrush.  Perhaps one of the local pig farms out here could team up with a toothbrush manufacturer to develop a toothbrush I’d be more likely to trust.

What About Nylon-4?

Several toothbrush manufacturers claim that their bristles are made from Nylon-4, a petroleum-based plastic that has been shown in lab studies to biodegrade in the environment under certain conditions.  However, lab studies and real life are not the same things, and none of these manufacturers has provided any third-party proof that their toothbrush bristles actually will biodegrade, especially not in the cold waters of the ocean.  Furthermore, it is questionable whether all of them really contain Nylon-4 in the first place.

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