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Licorice by Isabell Shipard

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 LICORICE

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Glycyrrhiza glabra

FAMILY: FAMILY: Fabaceae

HISTORY

source:

For over 2000 years Licorice, the famous ‘sweet root’ was the basis for

by Isabell Shipard, currently out of print

sweets. As a claimed cure for ills it had an even longer history. Hippocrates mentioned licorice in 400 BC and Theophrastus “Father of the Greek Botany” considered it as being a valuable medicinal.

Pliny wrote 1900 years ago that licorice juice is first rate for clearing the voice, good for the lungs, liver and stomach. In the first World War, the French provided their troops with a beverage made of licorice root. Licorice has been attributed as containing rejuvenating, healing and nutritive properties, and it has been given to aid endurance and strength and has often been called a ‘cure-all’ in history.

The ancient Chinese divided their drugs into three classes, according to their reputed properties. Licorice was listed amongst drugs of the first class, because “They preserve the life of Man, and therefore resemble Heaven. They are not poisonous. No matter how much you take and how often you use them, they are not harmful. If you wish to make the body supple, improve the breath, become old in years without ageing in body, then make use of this class.”

Like the Chinese, the Hindus considered licorice an excellent general tonic, beautifying agent and elixer of life.

When the 3000 year old tomb of King Tut-Ankh-Amen of Egypt was opened, archeologists found quantities of licorice stored with fabulous jewellery and art works.

Licorice was often called ‘Scythic’ because the ancients declared that the Scythians, the redoubtable warriors of antiquity, could by chewing licorice, go for ten days without eating and drinking, for licorice allays both hunger and thirst.

ORIGIN
The licorice plant originally came from the East and has been grown since early times in China, Persia, Turkey and the Mediterranean countries. In the present time it is propagated commercially in Spain, France, Russia, Germany, the Middle East and Asia. Licorice was first introduced in England in the Middle Ages and became a popular medicine. In the early 16th Century, licorice began to be cultivated in the monastery garden at Pontefract, which later became the centre of the licorice confectionery industry and of lozenges, for which it is still renowned. Licorice juice constitutes a large industry, although in the future, the cost of hand-harvesting in countries with high labour costs, may change the viability.

DESCRIPTION
The name ‘licorice’, Glycyrrhiza glabra, comes from the Greek word glukos, which means ‘sweet’, and rhiza, which means ‘root’.

Licorice is a perennial shrub and grows to 1.5-2 metres high. Being a legume, it has the ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen, and because of its deep-rooting tap root, it is considered very hardy. Creeping stolons or rhizomes from the main tap root can go down in the earth many metres, particularly in loose soils. The roots are brown and wrinkled and yellow on the inside. The extensive horizontal roots may form shoots with leaf buds and stems when well-established, usually in the second year. For this reason, in the home garden it is wise to allow the plant ample room to spread.

The long horizontal stolons can be used equally as well as the tap root. The root can be used fresh just by digging, washing and scraping as desired. It is very sweet.

The round stems are dark green, growing singularly or in groups above the ground. Once established, it makes an attractive bush with its graceful, light, pinnate foliage, presenting an almost feathery appearance.

The erect stems bear 4-7 pairs of leaflets 2-5 cm long. From the leaf axils, racemes of pale blue to lavender, or yellow-white flowers appear in late summer, followed by small brown pods containing 3-8 seeds.

The plant goes dormant in autumn and comes to leafy life again in spring. Length of dormancy depends on the coolness of the climate where it is grown.

Propagating, cultivation
Plants can be grown from seed, but propagating by means of cuttings from younger parts of the rhizome usually gives better results. Cutting 8-25 cm long are set perpendicularly in the soil. A deep, loose, moist, loamy soil is ideal. It is an advantage to enrich the soil with compost, or well rotted manure and to have a neutral pH level by adding dolomite, lime or ashes. Rocky and clay soils have grown licorice, but the root formation will be slower or restricted. The plant should not be placed in waterlogged or swampy conditions.

Licorice thrives in a warm climate, but adapts to cooler climates and withstands frost because it is dormant in winter. Plants grown commercially are usually set 7-12 cm apart in rows 45 cm apart. For home use, larger spacing is recommended.

Plants can be fertilised in Autumn and Spring. Young plants should be kept weed-free. Mulching is beneficial. Watering can be carried out in Spring and Summer if no natural rainfall has been recorded. Young plants will thrive with plenty of water. Dry periods during Autumn are quite favourable for the formation of the sweet content.

The root is usually dug in the 3rd or 4th year, although for home use, the 2nd year would yield a considerable quantity of useful root.

The sweet content of the root will be at its best if the flowers are pinched out as they develop. Plants that are allowed to flower and seed use up some of the sweet sap from the root system. If not dug out after the 4th year, roots take on a tough, coarse and woody character. Grown for commercial or home use, the shoots (often called canes) and leaf stems are cut back to soil level each year in Autumn until ready to be pulled.

about the book

unfortunately out of print.
there is one on ebay for $40

The booklet gives the history and the many health benefits of the plant and how to grow. For hundreds of years licorice has been one of the most used Chinese herbs

Licorice is a very special plant, the nutritive and rejuvenating properties have made it one of the most universally consumed herbs.

Since earliest recorded history, it has been valued as a beautifying agent, aphrodisiac, used for vitality and longevity, and often called an elixir of life. It is one of the oldest and best-known remedies for coughs and respiratory conditions.

Glycyrrhzin in the licorice root is a natural sweetener, and although 50 times sweeter than sugar cane, can be utilized by diabetics.

In Egypt, licorice water was a popular sweet drink in the time of the pharaohs. Roman legions considered licorice indispensable ration for their long gruelling campaigns; and it was said soldiers could go up to 10 days without eating or drinking as the licorice properties helped to build stamina and energy, which allayed both hunger and thirst.

It is a time-honoured herb in Chinese medicine, dating back thousands of years. Chinese herbalism applied the principle of prevention, by emphasising the use of tonics and adaptogens, using plants, like licorice, that can regulate, strengthen and invigorate the whole body.

Ten different bio-flavanoids have been found in licorice which are known to have an effect of strengthening the glands, hormone function and immune system, fight cancer cells and protect from cancer and cancer, to name a few. Numerous studies have been carried out on its therapeutic benefits particularly for duodenal and peptic ulcers, hormonal imbalances, respiratory and liver diseases. Studies show that it assists the liver to neutralise toxins.

Aleisha Stewart, Isabell's granddaughter Giving her full approval to licorice lollies

Aleisha Stewart, Isabell’s granddaughter giving her full approval to licorice lollies

Also, mentioned is the potential of licorice as a commercial crop. Most Australians have never tasted licorice root in its natural form. Only a small amount is grown in Australia, with most being exported to Japan for sweetening foods. There is an opportunity for growers to supply processors, city markets, health food shops, tourist attractions, food expos, country markets, and school tuckshops.

Licorice is one of nature’s many-facet natural remedies and sweet flavourings.

and more …..  source of text and images below

Description

It is believed the plant originates from the East, however, it has been grown since early times in China, Africa, Europe, India and the Middle East.

Cut Licorice Root & Leaves

A very hardy, deciduous perennial to 1 metre or taller, growing from a strong root system made up of a taproot and many horizontal-spreading roots, spanning out 1 metre or more. Roots are 1-5cm thick, have a brown woody appearance, a yellow colour internally with fibre that can be pulled apart like long string. Above ground foliage forms on upright thin stems, pinnate leaves with 4-8 pairs of dark green elliptic leaflets 2-3cm long of fern-like appearance. Young leaves feel slightly sticky to touch. Lavender/blue pea flowers 1cm long form as axil clusters, followed by 2-3cm long smooth, brown pods containing 1-7 brown kidneyshaped, pinhead-sized seeds.

Plant licorice in well-limed, well-drained, loose, deep soil; preferably in a sunny position. If soil tends to be clayey, plant on raised beds or hills. Enriching the soil with compost and well-rotted animal manure is beneficial. Licorice should be given room to spread, at least 1-3 square metres. It is a good sign when the plant starts to sucker and send up new shoots, as it signifies roots are growing, with potential for future harvesting. It is the root that gives the flavouring, sweetness and therapeutic uses. Low growing annual herbs or vegetables can be grown around it for 1-2 years.

…  … see How can I use HERBS in my daily life? for full text.

Licorice will do well in temperate, warm and sub-tropical climates; also in

Licorice Patch

tropical areas provided the soil is free draining during wet humid weather. Licorice is not bothered by frosts, as it is dormant in winter, and actually benefits by the defined cold period, which induces the translocation of properties to the underground rhizomes. If plants are mulched thickly, to deter weeds and retain moisture, they will require little attention; but do take time to talk to them and encourage them to produce lots of yummy roots. Roots are dug, washed, and dried in the sun, shade or artificially. Fresh roots are pliable and cut easily. Once dried, roots must be stored away from heat, light and moisture (moisture from the atmosphere can cause mould to grow on roots), and the roots will keep their properties and flavour indefinitely. Licorice can be called a survival food, not only because it stores well, but for its use as a sugar replacement, a refreshing beverage, and its potential to quench the thirst, allay hunger, and its benefits for endurance. There are over 15 species of glycyrrhiza, but not all have sufficient sweetness to be of commercial use, or recognised for medicinal use.

Constituents:

volatile oils, fixed oils, linoleic and linolenic acid, resins, coumarins, alkaloids, tannins, tryptamine, indolo, pyrazine, pyrrolidine, phenols, saponins, flavonoids, salicylic acid, asparagine, betaine, chelite, glycyrrhizin, bitters, isoflavones, oestrogen-like steroids, mucilage, lecithin, protein

Vitamins:

A, B1, B2, B5, B6, B9, E

Minerals:

calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, chromium, cobalt, selenium, silicon, zinc

Actions:

tonic, pectoral, alterative, expectorant, demulcent, emollient, diuretic, aperient, laxative, refrigerant, antiinflammatory, antispasmodic, antifungal, and antibacterial, emmenagogue, oestrogenic, cathartic, stomachic, antiviral, expectorant

Medicinal Uses

Licorice is a very special plant with many healing properties. The rejuvenating and nutritive properties have made it one of the most universally consumed herbs; widely used by practitioners of eastern and western herbalism. Since earliest recorded history, licorice has been valued as an aphrodisiac, beautifying agent, used for vitality, and longevity, often called an elixir of life. The earliest clay tablets found in Mesopotamia, tell of licorice as a panacea potion. It is one of the oldest and best-known remedies for coughs and chest complaints. In Egypt, licorice water has been a popular sweet drink since the time of the pharaohs.

It contains a unique substance called glycyrrhizin; by analysis found to be 50 times sweeter than refined sugar. It is detectable if only one drop is added to 15,000 drops of pure water. The glycyrrhizin has no calories, but the natural licorice root (from which the glycyrrhizin comes) does contain a few calories due to the presence of a very small amount of dextrose (1.4%) and sucrose (3.2%). This sweetener can be utilized by diabetics. Due to its sweetness and flavouring properties, it is used to make the bitterness of other medicines more palatable.

Roman legions considered licorice an indispensable ration for their long grueling campaigns. It was said soldiers could go up to 10 days without eating or drinking as the licorice properties helped to build stamina and energy, which allayed both hunger and thirst. In the year 1305, King Edward I, placed a duty on licorice sales, which went to help finance the repair of London Bridge. Ancient Hindus believed it increased sexual vigour when taken with milk and sugar. In traditional Ayurvedic medicine, herbs were used as special foods, serving to eliminate excesses as well as strengthen deficiencies, restore and rejuvenate. Licorice works on the digestive, respiratory, nervous, reproductive and excretory systems. It is an effective expectorant, often combined with ginger to help liquefy mucus and facilitate its discharge. Combined with cardamom and ginger it is considered a tonic for the teeth. Licorice is used to calm the mind, nourish the brain and increase cranial and cerebrospinal fluid, and to benefit vision, voice, hair, complexion and stamina. Licorice is a time-honoured herb in Chinese medicine, dating back thousands of years. Chinese doctors divided their medicinals into 3 classes, according to their reputed properties. Licorice was listed amongst drugs of the first class because it preserved the life of man. The first class herbs were considered not poisonous, so no matter how much you took or how often you used them, they were not harmful. This supreme group of herbs was used to strengthen the respiratory system, keep the body agile and alert, allowing one to age in years without ageing in body. One longevity formula was made of 20% licorice, 40% gotu kola, 30% ginseng, 10% cayenne, with 2-4g of the formula taken 3 times a day. Chinese medicine was often called the medicine of harmony, as the whole focus was on the creation and expression of harmony, a most meaningful basis of health care. Almost all Chinese herbs are used in mixed formulas that may combine 2 or more herbs. Licorice was in many of these formulas, as I was told by a Chinese herbalist, “You always throw a bit in, it helps to detoxify very strong herbs”. Chinese herbalism applies the principle of prevention by emphasizing the use of tonics and adaptogen, using plants that regulate, strengthen and invigorate the whole body. Ten different bioflavonoids have been found in licorice, that have an effect of strengthening the immune system, fighting cancer cells, and protecting from cancer.

…  … see How can I use HERBS in my daily life? for full text.

Licorice has been given many remedial applications: coughs, colds,

Licorice Products

wheezing, lung complaints, hoarseness, mucus congestion, tonsillitis, abdominal pain, nausea, poor appetite, fatigue, food poisoning, fevers, fluid retention, edema, burning urine and kidney, bladder ailments, gall stones, allergies, cancers and melanomas, conjunctivitis, earache, toothache, age spots, senility, hyperglycemia, menstrual discomforts, vaginal thrush, endometriosis, infertility, candida, ankylosing spondylitis, muscular dystrophy, skin allergies, hemorrhoids, mouth ulcers, nervous tension, insomnia and anxiety, depression, hysteria, indigestion and gastritis, diabetes, drug withdrawal, malaria, inflammations, cramps, Addison’s and Parkinson’s diseases, epilepsy, poor circulation, to lower cholesterol, headaches, earache, herpes, wounds, burns, cold sores, psoriasis, carbuncles, syphilis, abscesses, shingles, and to fight staphylococci. Licorice infusion as a wash has been used on acne scars.

The intricate, multiplex chemistry in licorice gives it a wide-spectrum of properties and actions. Large numbers of studies have been carried out on its therapeutic benefits particularly for duodenal, and peptic ulcers, hormonal imbalances, respiratory and liver diseases. Studies show it assists the liver to neutralize toxins. Numerous trials have been done with patients with gastric ulcers in a number of countries. A twelve-week study of 874 duodenal-ulcer sufferers published in the Medical Journal, Ireland, showed licorice healed ulcers faster than the drug Tagament, with no hormonal side effects. Other studies showed relief to complete cure in 2-6 weeks with patients taking up to 20-25g daily. Licorice assists the healing of stomach ulcers by spreading a protective gel lining over the stomach wall, lowering acid levels, as well as easing painful spasms. Another report showed that the size of ulcers could be reduced 70- 90% in size in one month, and healing had occurred in patients who were not confined to bed, many even able to carry on working during treatment.

Researchers at John Hopkins University U.S.A. found that people suffering with chronic fatigue and low blood pressure benefited with licorice. A Russian study confirmed licorice root used as an ointment, gave good results for the treatment of chronic eczema.

Research shows its usefulness as an expectorant and a cough suppressant, with action resembling codeine. Doubleblind trials showed glycyrrhizin an effective means of treating viral hepatitis. Licorice has been found to heal mouth ulcers, as an infusion to gargle. Clinical trials reported in the ‘Townsend newsletter for doctors’ of using glycyrrhizin intravenously for the treatment of AIDS, which gave significantly marked improvement for patients. Glycyrrhiza in licorice has valuable anti-inflammatory properties, which many people find effective for arthritic and rheumatic pain. A folk remedy is made by dissolving over low heat, 1/2 a stick of licorice (break into small pieces with a hammer, this must be the pure licorice extract), 1 tablesp. celery seed, 4 cups of water in a saucepan. Strain liquid off and bottle. Refrigerate. Take 1 tablesp. three times a day until relief is obtained; then cease taking the mixture until pains in the joints return. If mixture is very thick, a little more water can be added.

Licorice root helps prevent adrenal failure by maintaining electrolyte balance. Research shows benefits for Addison’s disease sufferers. Rather than contributing to adrenal atrophy, as synthetics do, licorice helps to preserve adrenal integrity. Licorice is a herb that can have marked effect upon the endocrine system. The glycosides in the plant have a structure that is similar to the natural steroids of the body. Overworked adrenals in hypoglycaemic cases with nervousness, irritability, stress, fatigue, and depression can be helped with licorice. Many who have taken licorice to support the adrenals find stress, worry and negative attitudes fall away, and that they have strength and energy to cope with daily life, and without the doped out sensations caused by tranquilizers and drugs. A lady called at the farm, and shared that she found licorice helped her to keep hyperglycaemia under control. She also said it helped calm her grandchildren who came to stay, as they tended to be rather hyperactive.

It is the opinion of La Dean Griffin, the American author of a number of natural health books, ‘that many who suffer in mental institutions could be helped with this wonderful herb’.

Licorice has been found to assist the pancreas by stimulating exocrine secretions. Another valuable action of licorice is oestrogen support. This hormone helps to build the endocrine glands, and has been found to be especially helpful in post hysterectomy cases, and the discomforts of menopause. One research report stated that when oestrogen levels are too high, licorice will inhibit oestrogen action, and when oestrogen are too low, it will potentiate oestrogen action, and that administration of glycyrrhiza during the midluteal phase may reduce PMS symptomatology.

Licorice together with alfalfa, dandelion, gotu kola, red clover and sheep sorrel has been used as a blood purifying tea. Licorice combined with barley and couch grass has been brewed in a drink called cure-all. As a metabolic mix for weight loss, licorice, dandelion and fennel are used as a tea.

Dose:

A general medicinal dose is 1-2 cups of licorice tea a day. 1/2 to 1 teasp. of licorice root or powder is infused to 1 cup of boiling water. Tincture: 1/2 to 1 teasp. twice a day. For therapeutic use, it is recommended that licorice be taken before meals.

Is licorice safe? Licorice is one of the most beneficial, and also controversial, healing herbs. Advocates and users say it has been used safely around the world for thousands of years to treat a multitude of ailments. Critics cannot deny the herb’s effectiveness shown in research, but insist that it can have dangerous side effects. Licorice preparations and even licorice lollies should be avoided in cases of high blood pressure, cardiac or kidney insufficiency, pregnancy, fluid retention, or myasthenia gravis sufferers (rare muscle disease). Licorice may be incompatible or interfere with prescription drugs used for the treatment of hypertension or heart failure. If wishing to use licorice while under medication, use under the guidance of a health care practitioner. Pregnant women are wise to avoid licorice, as it may create fluid retention. One adverse effect of over-indulgence of licorice lollies at any one time, can mean extra tripping to the toilet, as it can act quickly as a laxative. But then, I guess even this for some people could be a health benefit, as most natural health practitioners will tell us, a clean colon is top priority! When licorice root is taken daily, it is recommended that the dose does not exceed 3 grams. Use for 4-6 weeks, and have 1-2 weeks break. If taking licorice in large doses be sensitive to any of the following adverse reactions and symptoms: puffy ankles, facial swelling, shortness of breath, headaches, and general weakness. Be aware some people can be quite sensitive with any herb or drug and may have adverse reactions. In 20 years, I have only heard of one person experiencing rather severe reactions with using licorice as a tea, taking approximately 11/2g of herb daily. He experienced shortness of breath, fatigue, frontal headache, swelling from toes to knees, and burning sensation in legs and hands. In moderation, most people can use licorice safely.

Culinary Uses

Chew on a stick of licorice root as a snack. Many people, who visit the farm seeking out licorice plants, remember with nostalgia, how, in their childhood, they could purchase natural licorice roots, and enjoyed sucking the sweet sticks. During World War II, when food and sugar were rationed, licorice was often the only sweet treat available in Europe, and at 1 penny a piece it gave many hours of chewing pleasure. As one Englishman told me, “I could buy a pennyworth of licorice, chew on it all day, it was better then chewing gum”.

…  … see How can I use HERBS in my daily life? for full text.

Licorice can be used to sweeten foods, such as when stewing rhubarb, tart plums, apples, other fruit and baked goods. Regard licorice as a useful replacement for calorieladen sugar. Diabetics and weight watchers have found licorice useful for sweetening and flavouring. Use licorice to flavour drinks, puddings, confectionery and sherbets. A friend, Andrew, enjoys flavouring icecream with natural licorice root. Brew a cup of licorice tea and sip after a meal to aid the digestion. Even chewing on a chip of licorice root at the beginning of a meal is beneficial, as it activiates salivary glands in the mouth. To make a tea, use 1/2 to 1 teasp. of root chips to 1 cup of boiling water. If the chips are placed in a tea infuser, this can be dunked in the boiling water, the sweetness and the flavour strength made to your liking. These chips can be used a few times over to brew several cups, as the flavour is strong and will be released when placed in boiling water. Try the tea chilled over rocks (ice) in summer. Remember, it is a thirst quencher, and it may also give you more get-upand- go when suffering from heat fatigue! Use the chilled tea as a base for a fruit cup. Make into ice blocks for the children. Add a little licorice root to other refreshing herb teas; the licorice will sweeten the brew naturally. A friend enjoys drinking licorice root and ginger tea. Licorice leaves, fresh or dried (called nakhalsa) are used as a substitute for China tea.

…  … see How can I use HERBS in my daily life? for full text.

Use natural licorice root in place of lollies or chocolates when feeling like something sweet. Chew on a stick when feeling stressed studying for exams, as licorice can help to calm the nerves. Several years ago, I had a man call and asked if I had anything that would help him give up smoking, as he had quit smoking that morning and was having severe withdrawal symptoms. As we had just dug some licorice and had it drying, I offered him a stick that we had cut into 8cm lengths (similar length and size as a cigarette) and suggested he hold it in his mouth like a cigarette and suck the end. Within a couple of minutes of giving him the stick to smoke, his nerves had calmed down, and he said he no longer had the desire for a cigarette. For the next 10 minutes, he kept sucking on the stick, and looking at it, wondering why it did not have smoke coming from it! He was able to kick the habit of smoking. I have shared this incident with other people, who have done likewise and given up smoking. Also, worth noting is the cost of licorice compared to cigarettes. A licorice stick can be used over and over, many times, whenever the quitter has the urge to light a cigarette. Maybe we can set a new trend in Australia, a health trend of smoking licorice sticks. Licorice lollies, like allsorts, twists or straps, that we see in shops, may have a considerable amount of sugar and little real licorice flavouring, due to artificial means of flavouring. Probably Dutch and English Pontefract licorice are some of the purest brands. To make licorice lollies from the natural root, the root is cut finely and boiled, which makes a dark essence, which is used in a recipe together with gum arabic and other ingredients.

Licorice is a favourite flavour for many people, and perhaps we need to consider the benefits of the aroma too. Research at Auburn University USA, when looking for ways of boosting milk production found that dairy cows, when sprayed with licorice-scented aniseed oil are more at ease with each other, reducing aggression and pecking order habits involving biting, pushing and shoving. Researchers found that, as the smell faded, usually after 3 days, the pecking order traits were evident again. Think of other uses of this concept? No doubt about it, licorice aroma is pleasing to the body. Pleasant aromas can have a profound effect on our emotions and the chemistry in our bodies, and have been well used for calming and soothing the mind and the nervous system.

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Why the Stick? and Buy the Stick!

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Why the Stick? and Buy the Stick!

Coming Soon  BUY the STICK!

WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF USING A STICK?

• teeth whitening
• pigment removal
• killing off caries-associated bacteria
• bad breath neutralization • polished teeth effect
• treatment and prevention of gum disease, canker sores and oral herpes
• balancing the pH in your mouth
• help in reversing tooth decay • rebuilding cracked tooth enamel
• natural remineralisation of tooth enamel
• caries and dental plaque reduction/prevention
• possibility to brush your teeth anywhere and in any situation
• living more sustainably and ecologically

WHY KEEP THE STICK on a PEG and NOT IN AN AIRTIGHT CONTAINER? 

• bacteria will breed, creating mould, which also breaks down the fibres
• where the hell is my stick? where did i leave it. have you seen my toothstick?
• if the stick is hanging on the wall next to your keys, you will remember to tske it with you
• teeth cleaning is meant to be done when you are resting or relaxing or even laying down on the bed or floor. it is a pleasurable relaxing pastime. teeth cleaning is not meant to be done standing up, on the run or when you are in a locked room with people bashing on the door telling you to “hurry up! i want to use the bathroom”!

Swak – the vegan toothbrush has arrived –

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Combining the brilliance of tree sticks with contemporary eco handle design – the dawn of a new era = fancy MISWAK toothbrush    SWAK from Germany

How to SWAK
Plaque is removed thoroughly and gently, even in places a conventional toothbrush can’t reach. Plaque removal with a conventional brush often causes damage to teeth and gums which doesn’t happen with SWAK.

How?

When brushing your teeth with the SWAK toothbrush the moistened head is moved gently over the necks of your teeth. Thus plaque is gently removed from your teeth.

How often?
Once a day is more than enough; at the earliest it takes 24 hours before plaque bacteria produce acids which then start to attack the teeth.

How long?
You only need to clean until each tooth feels smooth; you can check with your tongue if there is still plaque on your teeth. Using the tip of your tongue you can check each individual tooth; plaque feels rough and furry, clean teeth feel smooth!

Where?

The SWAK toothbrush offers you the chance to brush your teeth whenever and wherever you want, even out of the house as you neither need water nor toothpaste. You’re no longer chained to the sink; the SWAK toothbrush is used flexibly in many situations: whilst watching television, or at the computer, in the car…actually anywhere and everywhere!

How to brush your teeth with SWAK
Teeth cleaning with the SWAK toothbrush is carried out using the “swing technique”. The bristle head is moved gently over each tooth’s surface close to the neck ensuring existing plaque bacteria colonies are removed (disorganised) and therefore rendered harmless: no toothpaste necessary!

Some Tips:
* To change the taste of the miswak wood, a drop of tooth oil can be dripped onto the SWAK head.
* Hard bristles can be softened by gently nibbling the tip.
Bristles that are too long can be moistened and then cut with regular scissors.
* 
Children can use the SWAK toothbrush on their own at the earliest at age 7.
* The SWAK Tooth Salt contains the health-promoting components of the miswak wood and works on healing on inflamed gums.
* Like with conventional toothbrushes the SWAK should not be kept in an airtight container.

Note:

As with conventional nylon toothbrushes the SWAK should not be kept in an airtight container. When used with the “swing technique” the SWAK bristle head is very durable. A replacement of the bristle head only becomes necessary when a decreased cleaning action is noticed when checking your teeth with your tongue.

 

Your Favourite Eco Toothbrush: Partly Biodegradable, Partly Not

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see an older post about nylon 6 and nylon 4

although designers are doing the very best they can, there is still not a fully degradable bristle apart from the boar-bristle. if there are, can you tell us about it in the comments below?


home_groupthe brush we all know and love and buy by-the-box to give as gifts to our less enviro-aware family members   . . . . .

The Environmental Toothbrush

the honest designer & manufacter (manufactured in china under contract), a dentist from brisbane of “The Environmental Toothbrush” was horrified when he was informed that their bristles were not made from nylon 4 and he let his buyers know that he had been misled.

following is the amended text on his website . . . .

The bristles are made from a BPA FREE polymer resistant to microbial growth during normal use, to ensure safety and durability.  We have tried to find a biodegradable bristle but as of this time there is nothing available – apart from boars hair (don’t want to go there).  No they are not Nylon 4 (as far as we know there are no bristles made from Nylon 4 on the market today).

We have tried to bring you a toothbrush that is better for the environment- over the years we have been misled by our manufactures about our bristles being made of Nylon 4.  We still believe that our toothbrush is a better alternative to a full Plastic toothbrush.

from Beth Terry


designed-for-all-1280logo

 

 

from bogobrush website . . .

We believe the world deserves a toothbrush worth caring about. We believe that starts with knowing where it came from, and how it was made. We believe it grows from an attention to aesthetics that will make you smile, and deepens with the beauty of giving back to someone in need. We believe that what is good for the planet, is good for us. We believe in the little toothbrush that could.

What kind of bristles are in a Bogobrush? Are they soft? Bogobrushes use the highest quality Tynex Nylon bristles from Dupont.  They are a “soft” bristle, and are polished with ceramic by our bristling manufacturer for an extra smooth feel.

How long will it take to break down, (i.e. degrade)?

It depends.  Maybe a few months, maybe a few years.  With any compostable material, the time of degradation depends on the health of the compost pile – humidity, temperature, and bio-diversity, (bugs, microbes, plants, etc. –  as well as the size and surface area of the product).
What will it degrade into?

Bogobrush bio-composite handles will degrade into carbon dioxide, water, and humus, (a soil nutrient).

about-feature2

Hi Marion,
Thank you for reaching out to us.  This is a great question.  Several years ago, we learned from our U.S. manufacturing partners that Nylon 4 was not actually a viable bristle option, despite what Chinese manufacturing told us.  This was before we started actual production, so we pulled all language of the sort from our marketing materials.  There is likely some lingering information out on the internet from our pre-order launch in 2012, but we certainly no longer claim that material for our brush.  While we wish there were other bristle options, we feel good about our decision to provide high quality bristles to our customers.  Some day, we hope demand for eco-bristles will help spur viable options.
You can go to our website shop page and scroll to FAQ section to learn more about our bristles and how we recommend composting our biodegradable brush.
Please let us know if you have further questions.  We will be happy to help!
Best,
Heather McDougall
co-founder

302438_471113779573595_1091126901_n-240x231Brush With Bamboo

 

from Beth Terry at Life Without Plastic

 


Total Clean Eco Toothbrush

Features of the Animal Lovers Total Clean Eco Toothbrush
Animal Lovers Total Clean Eco Toothbrush

  • Designed in conjunction with dental advice.
  • Easy-grip ergonomic bamboo biodegradable handle has natural flexibility, absorbing brushing pressure and reducing gum irritation.
  • Zig zag bristles with rounded tips for gentle cleaning in-between teeth and along the delicate gum line.
  • 30mm tapered head is smaller than regular over-sized toothbrush heads for easy access to those hard-to-reach places.
  • Heat treatment carbonizes the bamboo surface for water resistance and prevention of microbe growth (bacteria and moulds) during normal use.
  • Attractive, individual packaging made from recycled card makes the toothbrushes a great gift or Christmas stocking stuffer.

 


preserve

PreserveTB2015-Colors

 

 

 

Preserve

Features:

  • Made with LOVE and recycled yogurt cups
  • Handle created with 100% recycled #5 plastic; bristles are new nylon
  • Easy-to-grip curved handle
  • Tiered bristles for gentle, thorough cleaning
  • Includes reusable travel case
  • Be sure to learn about our toothbrush recycling program listed below

 

on a completely different subject ….   homemade laundry cleaner

 

 

 

Non-nylon alternatives to Boar Bristle

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i have not yet found an alternative for TOOTH brushes. apart from not using a TOOTHBRUSH ever again instead i used my newly discovered ECO VEGAN toothstick.


i have used boar-bristle hairbrushes all my life.  i have used boar-bristle toothbrushes for about 29 years.  as a animal friender, for the last 3 years, i have been searching for evidence of  humanely-harvested boar bristle.  now that i am of the mind that even humanely-harvested hog bristle comes from animals who are still exploited because it is a commercial operation.  if i had a pet pig, and i gave it a scratch and an occasional haircut, i know that my pig would feel happy to be of service to my need for brushes. i do not have a pet pig.  i have at last found my alternatives – a stick for teeth and bamboo brush for hair.

NYLON has been a NO GO  for me, for a couple of decades or so:

  • nylon bristles ALWAYS scratch teeth enamel, and damage the hair, no exceptions.
  • nylon is made from petroleum

i have found some alternatives to nylon and commercially shaved or killed & shaved boar/badger etc :

BRISTLES

  • sisal
  • jute
  • tampico/agave/cactus

PINS

  • wood
  • bamboo
  • ceramic?

FORUMS talking about VEGAN ALTERNATIVE TO BOAR-BRISTLE


ABOUT BRISTLES

http://www.gordonbrush.com/material_descriptions.php


SISAL

http://www.amazon.com/Friendly-Wooden-Vegan-Sisal-Brush/dp/B00BRHN5IY


JUTE

body    –  http://www.bernardjensen.com/SKIN-BRUSH–NATURAL-TAMPICO-BRISTLES-WLONG-HANDLE_p_47.html


TAMPICO/agave/cactus BRISTLE: Tampico looks really stiff and scratchy for the body, is it?

hair  –    http://www.care2.com/greenliving/hairbrushes-easy-greening.html

body  –   http://www.biome.com.au/body-brushing/1519-natural-body-brush-tampico-plant-long-handle-for-body-brushing.html


WOOD & WOOD PINS

hair: comb  – https://www.widu.com/category/13./Wooden-Combs.html

hair: brush  –  https://www.widu.com/

hair  –  i have not yet checked the following links – if you have tried one of the following brushes, feel free to write a comment

http://livingprettynaturally.com/top-5-reasons-to-use-a-wooden-brush-lpns-fave-hair-brushes-and-comb/

https://www.google.com.au/search?q=wood+pin+hair+brush&source=univ&tbm=shop&tbo=u&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiS8tfdlYLMAhWhLaYKHWGPDmgQsxgIHA

http://chrischristensenaustralia.com.au/product-category/grooming-accessories/brushes/wood-pin-brushes/


BAMBOO PINS

hair  –  http://www.thebodyshop.com.au/haircare/brushes/hair-brush-with-bamboo-pins-large.aspx#.Vwkyn3CSRok


CERAMIC PINS

hair  –  https://translate.google.com.au/translate?sl=auto&tl=en&js=y&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.tek-italy.it%2F&edit-text=

hair – https://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?depth=1&hl=en&ie=UTF8&prev=_t&rurl=translate.google.com.au&sl=auto&tl=en&u=https://www.facebook.com/Tekitaly&usg=ALkJrhiC_h4cHJvAiGFULo8L949TiE-89Q

Miswak

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Buy Miswak :  Natural Toothbrush  |   Amazon   |   Neem Tree Farm   |  Google   |   Miswakstick.com   |  The Islamic Bookstore  |  Ebay Facebook  |  Miswak Promo $2 instead of $20

Download:   Miswak: A cultural Heritage PDF

http://www.miswakstick.com/files/Miswak-Scientific-Benifits.pdf

Articles:  Results of Clinical Study – comparison of Miswak & Brushing      Natural Toothbrush Alternatives    Kill Periodontal symptoms at Home           Five Steps to Develop the Habit of Miswak

a wonderful article on discovering the joys of Miswak


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

Traditional miswak sticks. Softened bristles on either end can be used to clean the teeth.

The miswak (miswaak, siwak, sewak, Arabic: سواك‎ or مسواك) is a teeth cleaning twig made from the Salvadora persica tree (known as arak in Arabic). A traditional and natural alternative to the modern toothbrush, it has a long, well-documented history and is reputed for its medicinal benefits. It is reputed to have been used over 7000 years ago. The miswak’s properties have been described thus: “Apart from their antibacterial activity which may help control the formation and activity of dental plaque, they can be used effectively as a natural toothbrush for teeth cleaning. Such sticks are effective, inexpensive, common, available, and contain many medical properties”. It also features prominently in Islamic hygienical jurisprudence.

The miswak is predominant in Muslim-inhabited areas. It is commonly used in the Arabian peninsula, the Horn of Africa, North Africa, parts of the Sahel, the Indian subcontinent, Central Asia and Southeast Asia. In Malaysia, miswak is known as Kayu Sugi (Malay for ‘chewing stick’).


WHAT TREES ARE MISWAK MADE FROM?

suitable wood for miswak come from various trees in different parts of the world for example:

Salvadora Persica (the toothbrush tree)    buy in oz   TOothbrush tree

source:   http://www.allthingsislam.com.au (this site is now closed)

Common Names: Salt bush, Mustard tree, The tooth brush tree.
Internationally known as: Arak, Siwak, Peelu, Miswak.
Scientific Name: Salvadora Persica

Potential Dental Benefits with Regular Use:

Research shows that the bark of the “Toothbrush Tree” contains on antibiotic which suppresses the growth of bacteria and the formation of plaque in the mouth. Research also suggests that the regular use of Miswak significantly reduces plaque, gingivitis, and the growth of cariogenic bacteria. No toothpaste required! Miswak, naturally contains many components such as fluoride, astringents, detergents, resins (a possible enamel protectant) and abrasives.

How to use:

Simply scrape off bark from the tip (1/2″), then chew the tip gently until brush like and the fiber becomes soft. Brush teeth horizontally and frequently. When the bristles are worn and the flavor has subsided, cut them off & repeat instruction.

Miswak is also spelled as Miswaak, Meswak, Miswaq or Meswaq. In Arabic, its also known as sewak. Some people prefer spelling it as sewak, siwak, siwaak and with such small variations.

 


Different Kind of Miswak … Peelu, Olive, Bitam Tree Miswak

source:  http://www.sewakalbadr.com/types-of-miswak.php

It is permissible to take for a Miswak all kinds of tree twigs provided these aren’t hazardous or poisonous. It is prohibited to utilize a Miswak from a poisonous tree. Our Holy Prophet (Peace Be upon Him)   Forbade the Usage of Raihaan as Miswak as it leads to the disease, Juz-zaam.

Miswaks from the following trees aren’t permissible:

Pomegranate; Bambo; Raihaan; Chambelie

Listed below are the kinds of Miswak recommended:

Peelo tree
Zaitoon or Olive tree
Bitam
Any bitter tree

Miswak of the Peelo Tree

“And, the finest of Miswaks is the Peelo, then the Olive.”
(KABIRI)

The ideal kind of Miswak is that which is obtained from the Peelo tree. The miswak of the Peelo tree is incredible for getting the sparkle or glitters of the teeth.  Our Holy Prophet (Peace Be upon Him) likewise lauded and endorsed the Peelo tree for Miswak usage. Apart from recommending the Peelo tree, Holy Prophet (Peace Be upon Him)   together with the Companion (May Allah be Pleased with them) utilized Miswaks of this tree.  Companions of Imam Shafi (R) have shown Agreement of Opinion among them on the point that the usage of the Peelo Miswak is Mustahab.

Miswak of the Olive Tree
Our Holy Prophet (Peace Be upon Him) has voiced highly of the Miswak of this tree as well. The following Hadith reveals the importance of the Olive tree Miswak:

“Use the Miswak of the Olive tree. It’s the Miswak of an auspicious tree. It cleans and makes wholesome the mouth. It erases the yellowishness of the teeth. It is my (i.e. Rasulullah’s)   Miswak and the Miswak of the Prophets who arrived before me.”
(MUNTAKHAB)

Miswak of the Bitam Tree
In another Hadith it’s stated that in the absence of the Peelo tree the Olive tree could be utilized, and in the absence of the Olive Miswak, the Bitam tree Miswak could be utilized.
(MUNTAKHAB)
Miswak of some bitter tree

If none of the three aforementioned kinds of Miswak is obtainable, a Miswak of any bitter tree can be taken.
(KUHASTANI)

” . . Afterwards it is recommended to utilize a Miswak of a sour tree since the Miswak of a sour tree takes off odor of the mouth to a greater extent.”
(KABIRI)



Twigs used

Spring blossoms of Kikar (also called Babool) in Hodal in Faridabad district of Harya

Teeth cleaning twigs can be obtained from a variety of tree species. Although many trees are used in the production of teeth cleaning twigs, some trees are better suited to clean and protect the teeth, due to the chemical composition of the plant parts.

The known tree species are:

Salvadora persica
Sassafras
Gumtree
Lime tree (Citrusaurantafolia)

330px-Neem_(Azadirachta_indica)_in_Hyderabad_W_IMG_6976

Neem (Azadirachta indica) in Hyderabad India

Orange tree (Citrussinensis)
African laburnum (Cassia sieberiana)
Tea Tree
Neem in Indian subcontinent
Vachellia nilotica, also called Babool or Kikar in Indian subcontinent
Dalbergia sissoo, also called Sheesham in Indian subcontinent
Liquorice
Gouania lupuloides
Cinnamon
Dogwood
Olive
Walnut
Acacia catechu
Acacia nilotica
and other trees with bitter rootWhen compared to toothbrushes, teeth cleaning twigs have several advantages:

  • More ecological in its life-cycle
  • Lower cost (0-16% of the cost of a toothbrush[12])
  • Independence from external supplier if made at home from privately owned trees
  • Low maintenance, with some twigs need moistening with water if they become dry, to ensure the end is soft. The end may be cut afresh to ensure hygiene, and should not be stored near a sink. The twig is replaced every few weeks to maintain proper hygiene.
  • No need for toothpaste

Miswak – A Student Designmiswak-toothbrush-1this-toothbrush

People in Middle East, Pakistan and India often prefer old-fashioned way to brush their teeth. They use Miswak, a stick made of Salvadora persica tree that cleans teeth even better than a toothbrush. Traditionally, you need to bite off the top of the stick, which exposes natural bristles that work similar to the toothbrush.

Leen Sadder, a design student at The School of Visual Arts decided to give the traditional Miswak stick a new modern look.  She called her natural toothbrush THIS and in order to promote the idea of this twig she decided to create a suitable package for it. Many people would not welcome the idea of biting the stick to clean their teeth. So the graduate student designed a cigar-cutter-like cap to make this job for you.

Keep in mind that THIS toothbrush is eco-friendly: natural and biodegradable and works just as well or even better than traditional toothbrush.

UPDATE dec 2015

http://www.thisisatoothbrush.com/contact/


from MY Plastic-Free Life

neem-chew-sticks-05A few points from India, where this method is still used, though not as widely as it was 30 years ago.

(1) Were the sticks really very dry? Here, we use young twigs off the plants because they are easiest to chew. they’re a bit more slender than what you seem to have there. Also because you don’t mention the taste, which should have been quite a notable thing had you had young, fresh sap in the twigs

(2) No, it’s not something used centuries ago. It’s in use in living memory, though — like I was saying, rarer than 30 years ago, when it seemed ubiquitous in my child’s eyes. Lots of long-lived people around here with all their teeth — can’t recall more than two of my 15-odd grandparents, great-grandparents and great-uncles and aunts having ever had caries of any sort (and no, dentist’s visits as prevention are STILL not the norm, so that’s not regular professional cleaning doing the trick).

(3) I’m guessing the pregnancy warning is statutory for any herbal product that hasn’t expressly been studied for safety in pregnancy. Neem does nothing terrible to your hormones that regular food doesn’t (there are enough phytoestrogens in food even without soy coming into the picture; there are other foods that cause migraines, relieve aches and whatnot… all food has ‘side effects’, if you look really hard for them). In India, or at least the eastern part of the country, we eat neem leaves all the time as a delicacy. No one stops using neem twigs or eating the leaves because they are pregnant. (And it’s not our of ignorance — there ARE proscribed foods, such as raw poppy seed paste.) We do stop when breastfeeding, but only because some children (supertasters, i guess) can taste the difference in mother’s milk.

(4) It shouldn’t take very long to brush with these — in fact, we try to peel the bark with the front teeth, then actively chew on the end to soften it and use alternate sides to do that, because the very act of chewing cleans the teeth for the most part. After that, a quick once-over. But yeah, nowhere near as fast as toothpaste… though like someone’s already said, the idea isn’t to do this at ‘brushing time’. We do it between tasks or while doing other stuff — on your morning walk, while walking the dog, reading the paper, watching an after-dinner movie, waiting for the bath to fill are all good ideas!


This Natural Alternative to Toothbrushes May Surprise You…

miswakThe kind of toothbrush we all have in our bathrooms was invented in 1938. Previously, from about 1498, boar bristles attached to bamboo or bone handles were used.

But what came before that? Answer: The miswak.

I have only been aware of the miswak for a year or so, and it took me this long to finally break down and buy one. Of all the areas in my life I’ve tried to switch to more traditional roots, an alternative to my toothbrush wasn’t a high priority. In fact I liked how my teeth cleaner worked.

And then, like everything else, I researched.

This natural stick, which is actually a length of root from the  Peelu tree, is a natural and more effective toothbrush than your typical plastic and nylon kind.

Beyond the miswak not being synthetic, which is enough reason for me to try it, it actually kills bacteria and fights plaque. On it’s own. With no toothpaste. This of course leads to fewer cavities and fresher breath.

What Does Science Say?

I admit I was skeptical. To hear of a natural toothbrush to not only replace my plastic one, but to not even need toothpaste (or floss?) – and then to learn that it kills bacteria and whitens teeth? Sounded too good to be true.

Then I came across this clinical study. The purpose of this study was to “compare the effect of the chewing stick (miswak), and toothbrushing on plaque removal and gingival health.” The results? “Compared to toothbrushing, the use of the miswak resulted in significant reductions in plaque.”

The study concluded the miswak is more effective than toothbrushing for reducing plaque and gingivitis.

Nothing holding me back, I marched right over to amazon where I bought a miswak.

Getting Started

It was fun when the package came and I asked my family (and friends) what this stick-looking thing actually was. They were all surprised it was a toothbrush. Just another thing to add to the list of what Lea does that is not normal!

You do have to use a peeler (or knife if you’re handy that way) to scrape off about 1/2 inch of the bark away. Then you chew on it until the fibers separate, and you can get right to work. At first some of the outer fibers will break off in your mouth – but then you’re pretty much all set.

The flavor is a natural one, and to describe it I would have to say it reminds me of horseradish on a much much milder level with no spice. And the more you use it, the more mild it gets.

Do I Like It?

When I first used my miswak I was afraid my teeth wouldn’t feel clean enough and I’d have to brush with toothpaste after. I was afraid I’d resort to using my plastic toothbrush at least before leaving the house…

I was wrong.

My teeth do actually feel cleaner. Even without my favorite toothpaste.

I always found a regular toothbrush to be ineffective at fully removing plaque, which is why I floss. However, using the miswak I was surprised to find I really didn’t need to floss anymore, since the properties of the miswak are so effective at removing the plaque.

My teeth are shinier. I almost think they are whiter…could it really be true?

The most pleasant surprise of all is how easy the miswak is to use. I can “brush my teeth” in the car on the way to…anywhere. I find the miswak to be handier than a regular toothbrush, probably due to the fact I don’t need to be near a sink to use it. In fact tonight I used it while playing Yahtzee with my daughter.

A few points from India, where this method is still used, though not as widely as it was 30 years ago.
(1) Were the sticks really very dry? Here, we use young twigs off the plants because they are easiest to chew. they’re a bit more slender than what you seem to have there. Also because you don’t mention the taste, which should have been quite a notable thing had you had young, fresh sap in the twigs
(2) No, it’s not something used centuries ago. It’s in use in living memory, though — like I was saying, rarer than 30 years ago, when it seemed ubiquitous in my child’s eyes. Lots of long-lived people around here with all their teeth — can’t recall more than two of my 15-odd grandparents, great-grandparents and great-uncles and aunts having ever had caries of any sort (and no, dentist’s visits as prevention are STILL not the norm, so that’s not regular professional cleaning doing the trick).
(3) I’m guessing the pregnancy warning is statutory for any herbal product that hasn’t expressly been studied for safety in pregnancy. Neem does nothing terrible to your hormones that regular food doesn’t (there are enough phytoestrogens in food even without soy coming into the picture; there are other foods that cause migraines, relieve aches and whatnot… all food has ‘side effects’, if you look really hard for them). In India, or at least the eastern part of the country, we eat neem leaves all the time as a delicacy. No one stops using neem twigs or eating the leaves because they are pregnant. (And it’s not our of ignorance — there ARE proscribed foods, such as raw poppy seed paste.) We do stop when breastfeeding, but only because some children (supertasters, i guess) can taste the difference in mother’s milk.
(4) It shouldn’t take very long to brush with these — in fact, we try to peel the bark with the front teeth, then actively chew on the end to soften it and use alternate sides to do that, because the very act of chewing cleans the teeth for the most part. After that, a quick once-over. But yeah, nowhere near as fast as toothpaste… though like someone’s already said, the idea isn’t to do this at ‘brushing time’. We do it between tasks or while doing other stuff — on your morning walk, while walking the dog, reading the paper, watching an after-dinner movie, waiting for the bath to fill are all good ideas!

Doug Simons Alternative to Dentists Yes!

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“Alternatives To Dentists” where Doug Simons will teach you:

dvd-buynow

  • How to truly clean your teeth
  • How to make your own tooth powder
  • How to seal over cavities
  • How to treat abscessed teeth
  • How to reverse gum disease
  • Information on root canals
  • Fluoride, is it good or bad?

http://www.chanchka.com/about-us/

http://thegrownetwork.pages.ontraport.net/alternativestodentists

The time Doug has spent in the wilderness gives him a unique perspective you don’€™t want to miss. Buy Doug’€™s DVD on ‘€œAlternatives to Dentists’€ by clicking on the BUY NOW button below.
‘€œDoug has a special gift to teach practical applications of how to use the plants  with gentle yet powerful results. ‘€
‘€œAbout 2 months after attending a weekend workshop with Doug Simons on herbal tooth care, a big chip broke off the back of one of my front teeth. My immediate response was ‘€œOh my God, I need to call the dentist,’€ but then I heard Doug’€™s wise voice in my mind say, ‘€œDon’€™t panic, you have time.’€

I went out and harvested a prickly pear pad and made a poultice just as Doug explained and placed it between my lip and gum at the broken tooth. I continued this for about 3 or 4 days. I also started taking about 1 1/2 teaspoons of Doug’€™s amazing wild, vibrant green horsetail each night before going to bed. It has been about 6 months now and just as Doug said it would, the enamal has completely grown over the borken area of the tooth and there has never been any sign of decay or pain.’€
Kathy Gould, Registered Herbalist, Meas AZ   www.SWHerbs.com

Mosi-guard

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I have been using Mosi-guard.  I like it very much.  Now to discover if it is THE repellent i have been looking for. WHAT am i looking for?  Safe in every way and stronger than DEET!

Australian Stockists – phone first, as this list is not up-to-date.

Insect bites in the UK (and OZ)— identify what has bitten you with this ultimate guide

Mosi-guard reviews


source:   http://www.mosi-guard.com/mosi-guard-ingredients/#citriodiol

mosiguard_main__34824.1383789874.1280.1280Mosi-guard Natural’s® ingredients

Full details of Mosi-guard Natural’s ingredients. This is important to people looking for a naturally and sustainably sourced insect repellent which is also a DEET free alternative to synthetic insect repellents.

Mosi-guard Natural® Spray ingredients

Mosi-guard Natural® spray is an oil and water based solution.

Main ingredients

  1. 30% Citriodiol® — The active ingredient comes from a botanical oil found in the leaves of the eucalyptus citriodora tree. This is responsible for the repellency of Mosi-guard Natural® products. The main component in Citriodiol is p-menthane-3,8-diol or PMD, making up at least 64% of the oil.
  2. Aqua — Water provides a liquid base for the product.
  3. Denatured ethanol and isopropyl alcohol — Forms of non-drinkable alcohol used as solvents to help blend the active ingredient (which is oily) into the product.

Mosi-guard Natural® Spray Extra ingredients

Mosi-guard Natural® Spray Extra is a hydroalcoholic solution. The main difference in the ingredients of Spray and Spray Extra is that the Spray Extra contains 40% Citriodiol® compared to 30% Citriodiol in the Spray.

Main ingredients

  1. 40% Citriodiol — The active ingredient comes from a botanical oil found in the leaves of the eucalyptus citriodora tree. This is responsible for the repellency of Mosi-guard Natural® products. The main component in Citriodiol is p-menthane-3,8-diol or PMD, making up at least 64% of the oil.
  2. Aqua — Water provides a liquid base for the product.
  3. Denatured ethanol and isopropyl alcohol — Forms of non-drinkable alcohol used as solvents to help blend the active ingredient (which is oily) into the product.

Mosi-guard Natural® Roll-on ingredients

Mosi-guard Natural® Roll-on is an emulsion. An emulsion is a mixture of two phases that will not mix together under normal circumstances, in this case oil and water. To prevent the two phases from separating we use stabilisers.

Main ingredients

  1. 30% Citriodiol® — The active ingredient comes from a botanical oil found in the leaves of the eucalyptus citriodora tree. This is responsible for the repellency of Mosi-guard Natural® products. The main component in Citriodiol is p-menthane-3,8-diol or PMD, making up at least 64% of the oil.
  2. Aqua — Water is used to provide a liquid base for the emulsion.Minor ingredients (≤ 10%)
  3. Isohexadecane — A clear, odourless, apolar oil with 99% purity. It has a light velvety skin feel and functions as an emollient. It provides a moisturising effect by limiting water loss from the skin.
  4. Diisopropyl Adipate — This is the ester formed by combining isopropyl alcohol and adipic acid. Adipic acid is found in beet juice. It acts as a lubricant on the skin’s surface and give it a soft and smooth appearance.
  5. Steareth-21 — A waxy solid derived from fatty alcohols. It is prepared from vegetable oils by hydrogenation. It emulsifies and disperses the oily materials into the water to form a stable emulsion.
  6. PEG-8 Distearate and Steareth-2 — Waxy solids used as co-emulsifiers for oil-in water emulsions. They work in combination with steareth-21 to form a glossy white lotion.
  7. Cetearyl Alcohol — A waxy solid derived from fatty alcohol. It acts as an emulsion stabiliser and prevents separation of the oils and water.
  8. Disodium EDTA — EDTA acts as an antioxidant. Without EDTA colours and odours can break down.
  9. Sodium Lactate Aqua — A natural salt formed from fermentation of lactic acid and dissolved in water. It improves the stability of the product by creating an undesirable environment for bacteria. The other benefit of sodium lactate is its high capacity for holding water. This will increase the moisture content of the skin.
  10. C18-22 Hydroxyalkyl Hydroxypropyl Guar — A thickener and emulsion stabiliser that improves the feel and texture of the product by increasing its thickness.
  11. Hydrogenated  Polydecene, Sodium Polyacryloyldimethyl Taurate and Trideceth-10 — These increase the thickness of the product and improve its feel and texture.
  12. Lactic Acid Aqua — Used to adjust the final pH of the product.

Mosi-guard Natural® Stick ingredients

Mosi-guard Natural® stick is a solid insect repellent formula.

Main ingredients

  1. 32% Citriodiol® — The active ingredient comes from a botanical oil found in the leaves of the eucalyptus citriodora tree. This is responsible for the repellency of Mosi-guard Natural® products. The main component in Citriodiol is p-menthane-3,8-diol or PMD, making up at least 64% of the oil.
  2. Butylene glycol — This solvent stops the active ingredient, Citriodiol, from crystallising. It also helps to keep the skin moist and prevents bacteria growth.
  3. Glycerine — A viscous (sugar alcohol) common in cosmetic products. It is derived from vegetable oils and is a by-product of soap manufacture. It is used to improve smoothness by providing lubrication and moisturising effects.Minor ingredients (≤ 10%)
  4. Sodium Stearate — A white solid that is the main component in soap. It thickens the product into the solid stick and works to improve its texture and feel.
  5. Cetyl Alcohol — A waxy solid that thickens the product. It acts an emollient and thickener to form the stick and prevents water loss from the stick.


source:    http://www.mosi-guard.com/about-mosi-guard/

 

Q & A

More about Mosi-guard Natural® in terms of how it is different from DEET based mosquito repellents as well as product information related to warning labels, animal testing and safety.

  1. Why is Mosi-guard Natural a unique insect repellent?
  2. What is DEET?
  3. DEET versus DEET free?
  4. What are the problems associated with DEET and how do they compare to Citriodiol?
  5. Is Mosi-guard Natural as effective as DEET based repellents?
  6. How can I be sure Mosi-guard Natural will work?
  7. Why do Mosi-guard Natural products have the irritating to eyes warning label?
  8. Why do Mosi-guard Natural products have flammable warning labels?
  9. Does Mosi-guard Natural contain allergens?
  10. Is Mosi-guard Natural safe for plants, animals and our planet?
  11. Some ingredients in Mosi-guard Natural® insect repellents sound very ‘chemically’ for products with a plant based active. Why is this?
  12. Are Mosi-guard Natural® insect repellents really naturally sourced?
  13. Why do Mosi-guard Natural® insect repellents contain alcohol?
  14. What is Citriodiol®?
  15. Can I use Mosi-guard Natural® if I am pregnant?
  16. How can I be sure Mosi-guard Natural will work?
  17. Can I use Mosi-guard Natural abroad?
  18. Can I use Mosi-guard Natural on babies and young children?
  19. How long does Mosi-guard Natural last as an effective insect repellent?
  20. What can I do to avoid these insect bites?

  21. What diseases does each insect spread and where are they found?
  22. Are there any insects and insect bites to worry about in the UK?
1. Why is Mosi-guard  Natural® a unique insect repellent?

You may think that a naturally and sustainably sourced insect repellent like Mosi-guard Natural® might not work. You may be concerned that naturally derived products may not be tested as thoroughly as more established, synthetic repellents. But Mosi-guard Natural® is one plant-based repellent that entomologists and regulators around the world agree is truly effective without raising the growing concerns about neurotoxicity and high dermal absorption seen in synthetic products such as DEET.

This active ingredient is sold under the brand name Citriodiol® and known generically as either PMD rich botanic oil (PMDRBO) or Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus (OLE). Citriodiol® is made from the sustainably produced essential oil from the eucalyptus citriodora tree. Unlike other essential oil based products, it has passed the most rigorous safety and efficacy tests. For example, it has met the highest standards obtaining unconditional registration at the following agencies

Citriodiol® is also currently being evaluated under the European Biocidal Products Regulation.

You may think that insect repellents are similar to moisturisers or face creams in terms of the tests they have to pass to be brought to market. In fact, the tests for insect repellents are much more comprehensive and strict. For example, insect repellents must pass comprehensive human health (and often environmental) risk assessments by the relevant authorities, neither of which are required for cosmetics.

So, if you are looking for a family-friendly insect repellent which not only works really well, but also supports the planet, Citriodiol® is for you. Look for the Citriodiol® logo on the back of many major brands of insect repellent or buy Mosi-guard Natural.

 2. What is DEET?

DEET is an old fashioned insect repellent which was registered for public use in 1957. It is derived from coal tar and is the most well known insect repellent. It is a synthetic chemical and powerful solvent.

 3. DEET versus DEET free?

The main difference is the active ingredient. The active ingredient in Mosi-guard Natural® is Citriodiol®. Unlike DEET which is a synthetic chemical active, Citriodiol is plant based, also known as Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus. Other differences relate to the problems associated with DEET.

In recent years, concerns have surfaced about the use of the insect repellent DEET. There have been a small number of serious neurotoxic effects reported in small children, as well as documented mosquito resistance and accumulation of DEET in some US public waterway. Many consumers also object to DEET’s strong, chemically smell and the fact that it melts plastic upon contact. This has prompted consumers to seek DEET free alternatives.

Mosi-guard Natural® products are all entirely DEET free. They don’t melt plastic, the contain and active that is biodegradable and there is no known accumulation in any public waterways. In addition, the most recent toxicity safety profile being reviewed by the European authorities show it is appropriate for use on children at 6 months and unlike any other naturally sourced active ingredient, the active in Mosi-guard Natural® has been recommended for use by the US Center for Disease Control to repel mosquitoes carrying insect borne disease.

 4. What are the problems associated with DEET and how do they compare to Citriodiol?

There are five main areas of concern about DEET. These concerns do not apply to Citriodiol which is the plant based active in Mosi-guard Natural®.

  1. A powerful solvent
    As a powerful solvent, DEET can damage plastics, paints and synthetic fabrics, causing permanent damage and it will make colours run. DEET should be kept away from climbing ropes, watches, compasses, cameras, fishing tackle and sports equipment.
  2. Rapidly absorbed
    DEET is rapidly absorbed through the skin. This can lead to problems especially in young children. As a result there are restrictions on children under the age of 12 using DEET and guidelines suggest you should only use DEET 1-2 times a day. In contrast, very little Mosi-guard Natural® is absorbed through the skin so children as young as 6 months can use Mosi-guard Natural® and there are no restrictions on how often it can be used.
  3. Resistance is developing
    There are now reports of mosquito resistance to DEET. They have never been seen to show any tolerance of Citriodiol products like Mosi-guard Natural®.
  4. Environmental concerns
    DEET is a synthetic chemical and powerful solvent that has been detected in relatively large quantities in major waterways. In contrast, Citriodiol, is deemed to be safe for plants and animals mainly because it is readily biodegradable. Also, Citriodiol does not introduce any new substances to the ecosystem.
  5. The DEET experience
    Many people find the oily feel and smell of DEET unpleasant and skin reactions are common.
 5. Is Mosi-guard Natural® as effective as DEET based repellents?

Yes. The active ingredient in Mosi-guard Natural® is Citriodiol®, nature’s most effective insect repellent. Our efficacy data shows that Citriodiol works just as well as DEET, giving 6-8 hours Complete Protection Time compared to 6-10 hours Complete Protection Time from DEET based repellents. And the Mosi-guard Natural® Spray Extra provides 10+ hours of protection. So Citriodiol in Mosi-guard Natural® is just as effective as DEET but without the associated problems  — it is a whole lot better for you and the environment.

 6. How can I be sure Mosi-guard Natural® will work?

More than 35 studies have been conducted on products like Mosi-guard Natural® that contain the active ingredient Citriodiol (also known as PMD rich botanic oil and PMDRBO). Each of these reflect a level of efficacy that far exceeds that of any other plant-based repellent and is in fact on par with synthetic repellents like DEET.

You can feel confident that this wealth of data translates to strong protection because it has been proven robust enough to support product approvals with some of the strictest authorities, including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, as well as a recommendation by the US Center for Disease Control and Prevent (CDC), which reference it by its generic name in the US, Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus.

 7. Why do Mosi-guard Natural® products have the irritating to eyes warning label?

You will find the ‘irritating to eyes’ warning on all Mosi-guard Natural® products because Citriodiol, the active ingredient in Mosi-guard Natural®, stings when it gets in your eyes. There is sufficient quantity of Citriodiol in Mosi-guard Natural® products to have this stinging effect. Mosi-guard Natural® Spray and Mosi-guard Natural® Spray Extra also contain isopropyl alcohol which can irritate the eyes if sprayed directly to the eyes. According to EU directives which govern packaging and labelling, we meet the criteria for a category two eye irritant which requires us to display a hazard warning. Most products designed for use on the skin will irritate the eyes if applied directly on, or too close to the eyes. This warning simply alerts you to this fact.

 8. Why do the Mosi-guard Natural® Sprays have a flammable warning?

According to EU directives the Spray products are a category three flammable liquid which requires the flammable warning you see on Mosi-guard Natural® Spray and Mosi-guard Natural® Spray Extra. This means if these two products are directly ignited they can catch fire. You will find the ‘flammable’ warning on the Mosi-guard Natural® Spray and Spray Extra (and not on the Mosi-guard Natural® Stick or Roll-on) because the spray products contain flammable alcohol content in the same way that products like deodorant and hair spray do.

 9. Does Mosi-guard Natural® contain any allergens?

The allergens, citronellol (ca. 7%), linalool (<0.5%) and limonene (<0.5%) are all present in Eucalyptus Citriodora Oil, an ingredient found in Mosi-guard Natural®. Therefore, these allergens are also found in Mosi-guard Natural® and consumers with heightened sensitivity to these allergens should avoid using Mosi-guard Natural®.

 10. Is Mosi-guard Natural® safe for plants, animals and our planet?

Unlike synthetic substances which may upset the balance of our ecosystem by adding chemicals that mother nature never had in her plan, the active substance in Mosi-guard Natural® (Citriodiol®, also known as PMD rich botanic oil and PMDRBO) is derived from the Eucalyptus Citriodora tree. Use of our plant based mosquito repellent will not upset the earth’s natural balance.

Citriodiol is also biodegradable, which is important to the well-being of plants and animals. Instead of building up to potentially harmful high levels in waterways or soil, it simply breaks down over a relatively short period of time. This is in contrast to other repellents, like DEET, that have been recorded at noticeable levels in some public waterways. We also work hard to ensure Mosi-guard Natural® products are ethically and sustainably sourced.

We have never tested the effect of Mosi-guard Natural® on pets or any other animals. We would therefore recommend against using these products on animals.

11.  Some ingredients in Mosi-guard Natural® insect repellents sound very ‘chemically’ for products with a plant based active. Why is this?
Mosi-guard Natural® products combine the best of Mother Nature and the most suitable modern day formulatory tools to bring you a range of insect repellent products that are truly efficacious, skin kind, long lasting and suitable for your whole family. Here is more information about our ingredients.

12. Are Mosi-guard Natural® insect repellents really naturally sourced?
Mosi-guard Natural’s® active ingredient comes directly from lemon eucalyptus citriodora oil. This essential oil is sustainably harvested from the leaves and twigs of the eucalyptus citriodora tree by a simple process of steam distillation. In nature, the main component of the oil is citronellal and as the oil ages, that citronellal gradually turns into p-menthane-3,8-diol (PMD).
Some PMD is found in the “young” oil but only in small amounts. Because it is not possible to distill the oil when it is more mature and because the PMD is central to the oil efficacy in repelling biting insects, our suppliers harvest the oil from leaves that are about 18 months old. We then mimic nature by turning the rest of the citronellal into more PMD without adding anything extra to the finished product. This is how Mosi-guard Natural® insect repellents can come from a natural source but still work really well in repelling bugs.

13. Why do Mosi-guard Natural® insect repellents contain alcohol?
All Mosi-guard Natural® products contain types of non-drinkable alcohol that are routinely used in cosmetic products and that are approved for use in consumer products.  We can recommend them with confidence because each of our products has undergone rigorous reviews required for their sale around the world.
In case you still have concerns, here are the types of alcohol our products contain:
•    Mosi-guard Natural® Spray and Spray Extra contain ethanol and isopropyl alcohol which we use as solvents because the active ingredient is oily and won’t mix into a spray form with just water
•    Mosi-guard Natural® Roll-on contains cetearyl alcohol, a waxy solid, which we use as an emulsifier and emollient to improve the feel of the products on the skin and provide a moisturising effect
•    Mosi-guard Natural® Stick contains cetyl alcohol, used as an emulsifier and emollient and glycerine, a sugar alcohol used to improve smoothness through its lubrication and moisturising effects

14. What is Citriodiol®?
The active ingredient in Mosi-guard Natural® insect repellent is Citriodiol. Citriodiol is the trade name for p-menthane 3.8 diol botanic oil (PMDRBO) which can also be called PMD. In the USA Citriodiol is registered and known as oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE).

15. Can I use Mosi-guard Natural® if I am pregnant?
There have been no formal studies on pregnant women. However, if you do need to use a repellent, Mosi-guard Natural® would be a logical choice as it is plant based and                   *very little is absorbed through the skin
* Editor’s note: not true – the skin absorbs most everything, if not everything you put on it

16. How can I be sure Mosi-guard Natural® will work?

More than 35 studies have been conducted on products like Mosi-guard Natural® that contain the active ingredient Citriodiol (also known as PMD rich botanic oil and PMDRBO). Each of these reflect a level of efficacy that far exceeds that of any other plant-based repellent and is in fact on par with synthetic repellents like DEET.

You can feel confident that this wealth of data translates to strong protection because it has been proven robust enough to support product approvals with some of the strictest authorities, including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, as well as a recommendation by the US Center for Disease Control and Prevent (CDC), which reference it by its generic name in the US, Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus.

17. Can I use Mosi-guard Natural® abroad?

Mosi-guard Natural® is a regulated and proven plant based insect repellent with strong efficacy data that shows it is just as effective as synthetic insect repellents. Therefore, Mosi-guard Natural® can be used abroad.

18. Can I use Mosi-guard Natural® as an insect repellent for babies and children?

There has been extensive experience with the use of Mosi-guard Natural® as an insect repellent for babies from 6 months onwards. There is less experience with very young babies. Many people choose to use Mosi-guard Natural® insect repellent for babies and young children because very little of the active ingredient is absorbed through the skin. As baby’s skin can be sensitive, we always suggest that you apply a little of the repellent to a patch of skin before making a full application. It is essential to protect babies if taking them into areas where Malaria and other diseases may be a risk.

19. How long does Mosi-guard Natural® last as an effective insect repellent?

A study conducted at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine showed that Mosi-guard Natural® is effective for 11 hours against free-flying Mosquitoes when applied at normal consumer rates. In trials of this nature the subjects are inactive. Repellents may wear off more quickly if you are active or perspiring and should be reapplied more frequently.

20. What can I do to avoid these insect bites?

Always find out the most up-to-date information on insects and diseases for your travel destination. Websites like Know Before You Go and the Hospital for Tropical Diseases provide such useful information. GPs and travel clinics can also offer valuable advice about the most effective preventative medication for your destination.

However, it is important to note that no preventative medication offers 100% protection, so it is very important to avoid being bitten.

Mosquito bite prevention

Keep covered up
Most mosquitoes bite between dusk and dawn. Avoid exposing your skin by wearing long sleeved shirts and trousers. Aedes mosquitoes which transmit dengue and yellow fever are mainly active during the day with their peak biting times shortly after sunrise and just before sunset. To avoid being bitten by these daytime biters avoid outdoor shady conditions and sleep under a mosquito net if you take a siesta.

Use effective insect repellent
If your skin is exposed then it is important to use a safe and effective insect repellent on all areas of exposed skin.

Use a mosquito net at night
Mosquito nets provide very good protection especially when impregnated with the residual insecticide permethrin. Permethrin is poorly absorbed by the skin and has a low mammalian toxicity. There are a number of different styles of mosquito net and you should choose the one most suitable for where you are.

Air-conditioning
Sleeping in a room with air-conditioning will discourage mosquitoes.

Use a plug-in insecticide vaporiser
Use a knockdown spray (any fly spray will do) to clear the room of mosquitoes. Plug-in insecticide vaporisers are very effective for overnight protection as long as the room is relatively free from draughts. The vaporisers consist of a heating pad onto which an insecticide soaked tablet is placed. The insecticide gradually vaporises throughout the night killing any mosquitoes that get into the room.

Spray mosquito breeding grounds
If you are staying for long periods in areas where mosquitoes are a problem, then remember that they breed in stagnant water. Mosquitoes lay eggs in as little as a quarter inch of standing water. A good mosquito bite prevention method is to ensure mosquito breeding areas within 500 yards of your accommodation are regularly sprayed or eliminated.

Midge bite prevention

Midges are tiny swarming insects that are common in the Scottish Highlands during the summer months. Bites from midges do not transmit disease but can make life almost unbearable. Mosi-guard Natural® will help stop midges from biting but not from swarming around you. You can avoid midges with anti-midge hats, midge body suits and midge netting (smaller than mosquito nets) to cover tent entrances. Natural remedies include garlic, marmite, yeast tablets, sprigs of bog-myrtle or burning citronella.

Tick bite prevention

Tick bites spread lyme disease in the UK and abroad. There is currently no vaccine against lyme disease so you must be aware that areas with ground cover, foliage and diverse wildlife can pose a risk of ticks. To prevent tick bites use an insect repellent and keep covered up. Tucking your trouser legs into your socks will help. After being outside in tick prone areas be sure to check your body, pets and clothing for ticks. Carry a tick remover so you can quickly remove ticks and reduce the chance of disease transmission.



Source:    http://blog.cherrytreecountryclothing.com/deet-repellent-verses-mosi-guard-natural-insect-repellent/

Have you ever wondered what the benefits and disadvantages of using chemically based repellents are?  

Have you thought about Deet and perhaps compared it with a natural based insect repellent such as Mosi guard?

Listed below is a comprehensive list of the major benefits of using Mosi Guard natural insect repellent, compared to the chemical based Deet insect repellent.

Mosi-guard-natural-extra-sprayMosi-Guard Natural Insect Repellent

Mosi guard natural insect repellent is 100% natural and is made from renewable resources. The main ingredient is Citriodiol which is a lemon eucalyptus oil. Insects such as mosquitoes, sandflies, midges, ticks and leeches find this eucalyptus oil distasteful, resulting in confused and disorientated insects.

Mosi-guard natural insect repellent is recommended for adults, children and babies from 3 months of age and is suitable for both high risk and low risk geographical areas. It can be used for walking, hiking, treking, hunting, golfing, farming or fishing.  You can also use it when at the beach, relaxing in the garden, or cycling, climbing or camping.

Extensive research and tests have been carried out on insects in Tanzania, Malaysia, Bolivia – tests have even been conducted on the midges in Scotland, with positive results in every situation! Plus, the Mosi guard repellent is the only plant based repellent that is recognised as being effective by leading authorities.

Mosi guard is actively supporting the BADA-UK (Borreliosis and Associated Diseases Awareness – UK) charity in promoting public awareness of Lyme disease and protection against tick bites. For every Mosi guard sold within the UK, a donation to BADA is made. For further information, check out the BADA-UK website – www.bada-uk.org.

In summary, the 100% natural Mosi guard insect repellent will protect you against:

  • Mosquitoes
  • Sandflies
  • Ticks
  • Midges
  • Leeches

 Mosi guard Natural Insect Repellent – Benefits and Disadvantages

Benefits Disadvantages
  • 100% Natural Ingredients
  • Repels up to 10 hours
  • Suitable for adults, children and babies from 3 months old
  • Use in high and low risks geographical areas
  • Uses renewable resources therefore environmentally friendly
  • Protects against Mosquitoes, Sandflies, Midges, Ticks and Leeches
  • No adverse effects on clothing or plastic equipment
  • Fresh, lemon smell
  • Supports BADA- UK Charity
  • Tested in Tanzania, Malaysia, Bolivia, and even on midges in Scotland
  • Can be washed off easily
  • Kind to your skin
  • Can cause eye and mouth area to sting if applied incorrectly
  • Can feel slightly sticky/oily when applied initially
  • If pregnant, you are advised to consult a doctor before use

Deet Insect Repellent

Deet insect repellent is a chemical based repellent made from coal tar. First introduced and used in the late 1940’s by the US Army, Deet (or Diethyl Toluamide) is used in high risk environments where there is a high number of malaria – carrying mosquitoes.

There are three strengths of Deet available:

  • Deet 30% concentration – suitable for most holiday destinations
  • Deet 50% concentration – can be used by children and adults
  • Deet 100% concentration – should be used on clothing only

There has always been some concerns over using chemically based Deet insect repellent on our health and equipment. Testing revealed that Deet insect repellent should be kept away from climbing ropes, watches, compasses, cameras, rucksacks and any sports equipment as it has an adverse affect on plastic. Plus, Deet can also make colours run on fabric.

More recent studies (February 2013) carried out by London School of Hygiene and Tropial Medicine has shown that some mosquitoes are now growing resistant to Deet. For further information www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-21519998

Deet Insect Repellent – Benefits and Disadvantages

Benefits Disadvantage
  • Suitable for use in high risk geographical areas
  • Suitable for areas which are exposed to Malaria and dengue fever
  • Very little odour
  • Non-greasy
  • Protects against Mosquitoes, Ticks, Fleas and Chiggers, plus any other insect that can transmit diseases
  • May cause minor skin irritation
  • Chemical based
  • Chemicals can pass through your skin
  • Can damage climbing ropes, watches, compasses, and any sporting equipment as Deet will damage any plastic based equipment

World’s Best Eco Vegan Toothbrush! Eureka!

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World’s Best Eco Vegan Toothbrush! Eureka!

man-cleaning-teeth-miswak-stick-jpg-653x0_q80_crop-smart

How is it that some people who have never used a toothbrush have also never had a cavity.  At last – after wondering and researching casually for over ten years, I have found it!

Why the Stick? and Buy the Stick!

image source

The World’s Best Eco Vegan Toothbrush!

and guess what! It’s a STICK!  cut from the roots of the licorice plant!    see all about Licorice

i have found the STICK!  my search is over!

my search ended at Shipards Herb FarmLicorice Book   and    Licorice Root
from Shipards Herb Farm: How To Order –  If know what you are after, you may order or check the availability and price of any plants by emailing us at info@herbs-to-use.com

imageimageimage

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Improvement is noticeable within a week! using the sticks naturally improves mouth hygiene dramatically.

i have been using my licorice stick now for three days. And my  teeth have taken on opalescent or perhaps a porcelain quality – and the faint patchiness of this new whiteness emerging indicate that there is more tooth whitening to come.
whitening was the last thing I was thinking of when I thought I would give this stick a real tryout!

PS miswak inspired me to find something here in australia.  and o dear, dare i say it? i think my licorice-root stick is even better than the best miswak. it is softer than most sticks, but i will reserve opinion until i test a few different miswak sticks.

for a period of about 1 year, i have had one tiny area at the base of one tooth which was seemed always to have an infection .  the dentist discovered it, and named it as pyorrhoea and cleaned under the skin at the base of the tooth. and it was gone. yet six months later, the pyorrhoea returned.

during this three days of using my lovely  licorice-root toothbrush, the most wonderful toothbrush of all,  i now do not have the beginnings of gum disease  … yeehah

Read more from these Fans of the Stick
1 Nadia, another fan of the STICK 
Growing up on the Caribbean island of Trinidad, my Mother was given the twigs of the hibiscus tree to use as a toothbrush – they referred to this as datwan
2
another possible fan, a learner’s diary blogger
3 the most excellent site all about Miswak and teeth

STOP PRESS!  UPDATE! march 2017

dawn of a new era = fancy MISWAK toothbrush    SWAK from Germany

 


 

Using Miswak has made me want to smile a lot more. Miswak has made my teeth a lot whiter. I wish I had taken pictures of my teeth two months ago. If I had, you would see a stark contrast between what my teeth looked like before I started using Miswak, and what they look like now. My teeth still aren’t perfect, but if I keep using Miswak, they will be.

Using Miswak has made me want to smile a lot more. Miswak has made my teeth a lot whiter. I wish I had taken pictures of my teeth two months ago. If I had, you would see a stark contrast between what my teeth looked like before I started using Miswak, and what they look like now. My teeth still aren’t perfect, but if I keep using Miswak, they will be.

A little history ….
Indigenous people, who typically possess a mouthful of flawless teeth, use herbs, twigs and roots to clean their teeth. Even the skulls of cavemen depict a mouthful of nearly flawless teeth. Our ancestors were using something natural to clean their teeth. Perhaps, something such as licorice root which is also an antibacterial herb that reduces plaque and has anti-cavity functions.


i have found the STICK!  my search is over!

UPDATE june 2017
because i have found my perfect toothbrush, the licorice-root, this site is now archived, still maintained. the only difference is that there are no longer any “contact” or “feedback” page. you can still comment on posts and pages.

thank you for your interest in this site dear readers – it is very widely read, so thank you for reading!       Cheers from marion

 


Wooden Chew Sticks

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Buy Wooden Chew Sticks:   |  Ebay    |   Neem Picks


Thursday Plantation – The Original Australian Tea Tree Chewing Sticks (Toothpicks) Cinnamon Flavor – 100 Stick(s)

Buy from:  Amazon         LuckyVitamin
41E4DGFJJJL._SY355_Thursday Plantation The Original Australian Tea Tree Chewing Sticks (Toothpicks) deliver therapeutic grade Melaleuca alternifolia oil between teeth and at the gum line. Thursday Plantation The Original Australian Tea Tree Toothpicks help remove debris and plaque in placesThursday Plantation The Original Australian Tea Tree Chewing Stick (Toothpick) is infused with a powerful array of natural plant extracts, including peppermint, spearmint, cinnamon, fennel and menthol.

Thursday Plantation The Original Australian Tea Tree Chewing Sticks help reduce bad breath and support oral hygiene by eliminating odour causing bacteria that can lodge between teeth after eating.

Features and Benefits:

Contains 100% pure Tea Tree Oil, an antibacterial agent
Suitable for use to assist smoking cessation by keeping hands busy
Powerful, fresh flavor
Handy pocket-size pack

 Testimonials on Amazon:
If you are in the process of quitting smoking, BUY THESE. Chew on them in the car, outside with people on their smoke breaks, at the bar, etc. They taste so good and make your breath smell great, and toothpicks are so much classier than cigarettes! The cinnamon ones are veeeerrry strong, so if you aren’t a big cinnamon fan, stay away. The mint and tea tree are strong enough on their own.

I have tried a number of brands of Tea Tree Oil chewing sticks and these are the best! They are very strong, so it may take a little getting used to, but the mix of oils in these gives the best flavor and the wood they use is the highest quality.

Now, I always carry a pack with me. They are great for after meals or simply to freshen your breath throughout the day.
I’m not a person who smokes however these are very high quality chew sticks. Made of birch they don’t shred as easy for the avid chewer. Regular toothpicks are no longer the same to me because these def. raise the standard. I want to note that the taste of these picks is pretty strong especially for the non-smoker (like me) but I like these all the same.

Note that I’m cavity prone! However after chewing and picking my teeth with these 3 times a day, 2 weeks before i went to the dentist…my dentist informed me that I had the cleanest mouth he had ever seen. And no cavities.
Note that I have been Cold free for about 2 and a half years.
Note that I gave one of these to my friends at work who had a mouthsore and he claims it numbed the pain away.

Ever since I was introduced to Thursday Plantation – Tea Tree Toothpicks I carry them with me all the time. They keep my teeth clean after meals and they get rid of bad breath. There are other brands out there but don’t be fooled. Thursday Plantation – Tea Tree Toothpicks are the best on the market.

I was given this product by a client of mine whom I told I was planning on quitting smoking. I decided to have nicotine gum on standby because was a pretty heavy smoker (1pk/day). Well, hesitant to chew the gum and feed my body the drug I am trying to kick, I turned to these chewing sticks. Every slightest urge to smoke, I pop one of these bad boys in my mouth and suck and chew on it for 10 minutes. The minute it hits my mouth, I forget my cigarette craving. Plus, my breath smells great, and I always have that just went-to-the dentist clean mouth feeling. This is the easiest time I have ever had stopping smoking.

There are SO many imposters but they all fail to achieve the kick that these pics pack when you pop one in your mouth. And for the brave at heart, I suggest chewing on them after they get a little soft. The effect is sinus-clearing! I love thursday plantation chewing sticks and will accept no substitutes and believe me, I have tried them all.

Excellent product. The sticks are sturdy and the flavor is distinct but not overpowering. Great not only as a smoking cessation aid but as regular toothpicks.

Please note that when shipped as part of a larger order, the plastic containers can bounce around in the box and open, spilling the sticks all over. It’s best to order separately from large items, in which case they’ll ship in a padded envelope rather than a big box and won’t have this problem.

The very-easy-opening containers might also pose a problem for someone trying to carry them around in a pants pocket.

I quit smoking 6 months ago with chantix and these toothpicks. I quit the Chantix a couple months in but have been using the toothpicks ever since. Also have been getting nausea a lot lately. After looking into lots of different ideas, I googled tea tree oil…..every site warns you not to take internally. It can be highly toxic even in small doses. So while it did help quitting smoking, I’m switching over to the minty toothpicks you get in restaurants.


Auromere Ayurvedic Neem Picks 100 Toothpicks Case of 12
$_57

Buy from:   ebay.com

Ayurvedic toothpicks made from birchwood dipped in Neem Bark extract and other potent essential oils to stimulate the gums, remove food particles and plaque between teeth, and freshen the breath.

Pack Size : 100 Toothpicks
Unit Type : Case

Ingredients:
Birchwood toothpicks flavored with Neem Bark extract, Cassia (cinnamon) Oil, Menthol, Peppermint Oil, Spearmint Oil, and Fennel Oil.

 


A few points from India, where this method is still used, though not as widely as it was 30 years ago. (1) Were the sticks really very dry? Here, we use young twigs off the plants because they are easiest to chew. they’re a bit more slender than what you seem to have there. Also because you don’t mention the taste, which should have been quite a notable thing had you had young, fresh sap in the twigs (2) No, it’s not something used centuries ago. It’s in use in living memory, though — like I was saying, rarer than 30 years ago, when it seemed ubiquitous in my child’s eyes. Lots of long-lived people around here with all their teeth — can’t recall more than two of my 15-odd grandparents, great-grandparents and great-uncles and aunts having ever had caries of any sort (and no, dentist’s visits as prevention are STILL not the norm, so that’s not regular professional cleaning doing the trick). (3) I’m guessing the pregnancy warning is statutory for any herbal product that hasn’t expressly been studied for safety in pregnancy. Neem does nothing terrible to your hormones that regular food doesn’t (there are enough phytoestrogens in food even without soy coming into the picture; there are other foods that cause migraines, relieve aches and whatnot… all food has ‘side effects’, if you look really hard for them). In India, or at least the eastern part of the country, we eat neem leaves all the time as a delicacy. No one stops using neem twigs or eating the leaves because they are pregnant. (And it’s not our of ignorance — there ARE proscribed foods, such as raw poppy seed paste.) We do stop when breastfeeding, but only because some children (supertasters, i guess) can taste the difference in mother’s milk. (4) It shouldn’t take very long to brush with these — in fact, we try to peel the bark with the front teeth, then actively chew on the end to soften it and use alternate sides to do that, because the very act of chewing cleans the teeth for the most part. After that, a quick once-over. But yeah, nowhere near as fast as toothpaste… though like someone’s already said, the idea isn’t to do this at ‘brushing time’. We do it between tasks or while doing other stuff — on your morning walk, while walking the dog, reading the paper, watching an after-dinner movie, waiting for the bath to fill are all good ideas! – See more at: http://myplasticfreelife.com/2011/06/verdict-on-neem-chew-stick-toothbrushes/#sthash.THS1Dkh6.dpuf
A few points from India, where this method is still used, though not as widely as it was 30 years ago. (1) Were the sticks really very dry? Here, we use young twigs off the plants because they are easiest to chew. they’re a bit more slender than what you seem to have there. Also because you don’t mention the taste, which should have been quite a notable thing had you had young, fresh sap in the twigs (2) No, it’s not something used centuries ago. It’s in use in living memory, though — like I was saying, rarer than 30 years ago, when it seemed ubiquitous in my child’s eyes. Lots of long-lived people around here with all their teeth — can’t recall more than two of my 15-odd grandparents, great-grandparents and great-uncles and aunts having ever had caries of any sort (and no, dentist’s visits as prevention are STILL not the norm, so that’s not regular professional cleaning doing the trick). (3) I’m guessing the pregnancy warning is statutory for any herbal product that hasn’t expressly been studied for safety in pregnancy. Neem does nothing terrible to your hormones that regular food doesn’t (there are enough phytoestrogens in food even without soy coming into the picture; there are other foods that cause migraines, relieve aches and whatnot… all food has ‘side effects’, if you look really hard for them). In India, or at least the eastern part of the country, we eat neem leaves all the time as a delicacy. No one stops using neem twigs or eating the leaves because they are pregnant. (And it’s not our of ignorance — there ARE proscribed foods, such as raw poppy seed paste.) We do stop when breastfeeding, but only because some children (supertasters, i guess) can taste the difference in mother’s milk. (4) It shouldn’t take very long to brush with these — in fact, we try to peel the bark with the front teeth, then actively chew on the end to soften it and use alternate sides to do that, because the very act of chewing cleans the teeth for the most part. After that, a quick once-over. But yeah, nowhere near as fast as toothpaste… though like someone’s already said, the idea isn’t to do this at ‘brushing time’. We do it between tasks or while doing other stuff — on your morning walk, while walking the dog, reading the paper, watching an after-dinner movie, waiting for the bath to fill are all good ideas! – See more at: http://myplasticfreelife.com/2011/06/verdict-on-neem-chew-stick-toothbrushes/#sthash.THS1Dkh6.dpuf