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  • Active Ingredient, Extract of Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus (OLE)
  • Aqua, Ethanol and Isopropyl Alcohol



Lemon Scented Gum Eucalyptus citriodora; Family Myrtacae


What is PMD?

PMD is the abbreviation for p-menthane- 3,8-diol, also known as para-menthane- 3,8-diol, and is an active ingredient used in insect repellents. It is found in small quantities in the essential oil from the leaves of the Eucalyptus citriodora tree, also known as Corymbia citriodora. This tree is native to Australia, but is now cultivated in many warm places around the world.

What is PMDRBO?

PMDRBO (PMD Rich Botanic Oil) is a generic name for Citriodiol®, a naturally sourced active substance containing p-menthane- 3,8-diol (PMD) and other naturally occurring components from the Eucalyptus citriodora tree’s oil (common name: Lemon eucalyptus).

Is natural PMD the same as synthetic PMD?

No. PMD in Citriodiol® is generated directly from essential oils. The PMD from this oil is sold along-side the other naturally occurring constituents in the raw oil as a combined product with 100% purity. This natural PMD product, which is called PMD rich botanic oil or PMDRBO, has been notified under the BPR as “a mixture of cis-and trans-PMD/Citriodiol” and is about 50% more effective in repelling insects than like quantities of synthetic PMD.

By comparison, what is commonly referred to as synthetic PMD is not derived from an essential oil, but rather is typically a by-product of far more complicated multi-step chemical processes, for example making menthol. The resulting material contains only PMD and has no essential oil co-constituents.

Why is natural PMD (PMDRBO) better than synthetic PMD?

Simply put, in our view it is better for the consumer and better for the environment. Consumers benefit because naturally sourced PMD (i.e. PMDRBO) performs significantly better than synthetic PMD. An independent study published comparing synthetic PMD with PMDRBO shows that with like amounts of PMD, PMDRBO performed 50% better in repelling the target organism (in that case Aedes mosquitoes). (Drapeau 2011). In this study a 20% PMDRBO (which at a min 64% PMD contained ca. 13% PMD) alcohol spray offered over 5 hours complete protection against Aedes mosquitoes whereas the 13% synthetic PMD product provided only 3 ¼ hours of protection.

While both forms of PMD are rapidly biodegradable, the real benefit to the environment from PMDRBO is that it actually exists in nature in its final form. This means nothing is being added to the environment that has the potential to upset its natural order and balance. In addition, because the material used to make Citriodiol® is Eucalyptus citriodora oil, and this oil is distilled just from the leaves of some of the branches of the tree, allowing the tree to continue growing, using PMDRBO actually encourages the growth and maintenance of healthy trees to reduce the overall carbon dioxide content of our atmosphere. Even the waste product from the oil distillation process, known as “bagasse,” is added directly back to the soil around the trees as fertilizer, and is also dried and used to fire the boiler.


toothbrush o toothbrush!

toothbrush o toothbrush!

the toothbrushes, along with plastic water bottles are the most ubiquitous plastic items contributing to the floating  “Great Pacific Garbage Patch”
do not despair! we can stop using toothbrushes! and i think most of us no longer buy bottled water.

after 40 years of recycling, we know don’t we that it is better not to manufacturer the things in the first place?!

image and text extract:

Working along a single stretch of coastline in Sian Ka’an, Mexico’s largest federally-protected reserve, artist Alejandro Duran collects countless bits of trash that washes up from locations around the world. So far he’s discovered plastic debris from dozens of countries on this shore of the Caribbean coast which he utilizes for site site-specific installations for an ongoing project titled Washed Up. By creating aesthetically pleasing landscapes from a disheartening medium, it’s Duran’s hope to create a harsh juxtaposition that draws attention to the global catastrophe of ocean pollution. #washedupseries

image and text extract:

After collecting whatever trash she could carry with her, Thomas turned the debris into various designs that she hoped would challenge designers to rethink the way they view and use plastics.

Thomas sorted pieces of trash into simple yet striking color schemes to show the potential for beauty. For example, deteriorated toothbrushes, bristles in tact, are lined against a faded pastel purple.

image and text extract:

It’s a sunny afternoon and a crew of kids is building an epic sand castle on Willows Beach in Victoria, British Columbia. Using a fleet of toy trucks, they haul in moist sand from the shoreline to construct their masterpiece. One child pulls a toothbrush from the tipper and triumphantly sticks it in the sand castle like a flag on a turret. It’s hard to image what country the flag would represent; the ocean is full of toothbrushes and other plastic waste that know no borders.

Every minute, the equivalent of one real-life garbage truck full of plastic is dumped into the ocean.

image and text extract:

The world’s oceans have gyres, where much of our trash ends up. Is most of this debris plastic? What’s the estimated tonnage in these trash patches (some of which are said to be larger than the entire U.S.), and how densely are they packed?

—Georgene in Clinton, Washington

There’s a popular image of the oceans’ garbage patches as huge, solid islands of disgusting trash, but only somebody who thinks he’s Jesus would be crazy enough to try to walk on one. In fact, clots of closely packed debris are rare in the vast oceans, except in occasional eddies where fishnets, bottles, balls, and toothbrushes — and much more — agglomerate.

Between 60 to 95% of marine litter is plastic, and about 270 species are harmed or killed by becoming entangled in it or ingesting large pieces. Nobody knows the total tonnage, but some estimates say that 7 million tons of plastic end up in the oceans every year. (One whale washed up on the coast of France with a whole ton of plastic, including supermarket bags, in its belly.)

image and text extract:

According to NOAA and others, plastic debris in the oceans comes from many sources, including fishing lines, PET bottles, polyester clothing, detergent bottles, plumbing pipes, drinking straws and toothbrushes. The photo below comes from the website of a group called Heal the Bay


The Great Pacific Garbage Patch” is a commonly used term for what should be more accurately described as “The Eastern Pacific Trash Vortex.






VIDEOS worth watching
alison’s adventures



Licorice by Isabell Shipard



SCIENTIFIC NAME: Glycyrrhiza glabra




more on licorice   General usuage  coronavirus and all respiratory inflamations

For over 2000 years Licorice, the famous ‘sweet root’ was the basis for

by Isabell Shipard, currently out of print

sweets. As a claimed cure for ills it had an even longer history. Hippocrates mentioned licorice in 400 BC and Theophrastus “Father of the Greek Botany” considered it as being a valuable medicinal.

Pliny wrote 1900 years ago that licorice juice is first rate for clearing the voice, good for the lungs, liver and stomach. In the first World War, the French provided their troops with a beverage made of licorice root. Licorice has been attributed as containing rejuvenating, healing and nutritive properties, and it has been given to aid endurance and strength and has often been called a ‘cure-all’ in history.

The ancient Chinese divided their drugs into three classes, according to their reputed properties. Licorice was listed amongst drugs of the first class, because “They preserve the life of Man, and therefore resemble Heaven. They are not poisonous. No matter how much you take and how often you use them, they are not harmful. If you wish to make the body supple, improve the breath, become old in years without ageing in body, then make use of this class.”

Like the Chinese, the Hindus considered licorice an excellent general tonic, beautifying agent and elixer of life.

When the 3000 year old tomb of King Tut-Ankh-Amen of Egypt was opened, archeologists found quantities of licorice stored with fabulous jewellery and art works.

Licorice was often called ‘Scythic’ because the ancients declared that the Scythians, the redoubtable warriors of antiquity, could by chewing licorice, go for ten days without eating and drinking, for licorice allays both hunger and thirst.

The licorice plant originally came from the East and has been grown since early times in China, Persia, Turkey and the Mediterranean countries. In the present time it is propagated commercially in Spain, France, Russia, Germany, the Middle East and Asia. Licorice was first introduced in England in the Middle Ages and became a popular medicine. In the early 16th Century, licorice began to be cultivated in the monastery garden at Pontefract, which later became the centre of the licorice confectionery industry and of lozenges, for which it is still renowned. Licorice juice constitutes a large industry, although in the future, the cost of hand-harvesting in countries with high labour costs, may change the viability.

The name ‘licorice’, Glycyrrhiza glabra, comes from the Greek word glukos, which means ‘sweet’, and rhiza, which means ‘root’.

Licorice is a perennial shrub and grows to 1.5-2 metres high. Being a legume, it has the ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen, and because of its deep-rooting tap root, it is considered very hardy. Creeping stolons or rhizomes from the main tap root can go down in the earth many metres, particularly in loose soils. The roots are brown and wrinkled and yellow on the inside. The extensive horizontal roots may form shoots with leaf buds and stems when well-established, usually in the second year. For this reason, in the home garden it is wise to allow the plant ample room to spread.

The long horizontal stolons can be used equally as well as the tap root. The root can be used fresh just by digging, washing and scraping as desired. It is very sweet.

The round stems are dark green, growing singularly or in groups above the ground. Once established, it makes an attractive bush with its graceful, light, pinnate foliage, presenting an almost feathery appearance.

The erect stems bear 4-7 pairs of leaflets 2-5 cm long. From the leaf axils, racemes of pale blue to lavender, or yellow-white flowers appear in late summer, followed by small brown pods containing 3-8 seeds.

The plant goes dormant in autumn and comes to leafy life again in spring. Length of dormancy depends on the coolness of the climate where it is grown.

Propagating, cultivation
Plants can be grown from seed, but propagating by means of cuttings from younger parts of the rhizome usually gives better results. Cutting 8-25 cm long are set perpendicularly in the soil. A deep, loose, moist, loamy soil is ideal. It is an advantage to enrich the soil with compost, or well rotted manure and to have a neutral pH level by adding dolomite, lime or ashes. Rocky and clay soils have grown licorice, but the root formation will be slower or restricted. The plant should not be placed in waterlogged or swampy conditions.

Licorice thrives in a warm climate, but adapts to cooler climates and withstands frost because it is dormant in winter. Plants grown commercially are usually set 7-12 cm apart in rows 45 cm apart. For home use, larger spacing is recommended.

Plants can be fertilised in Autumn and Spring. Young plants should be kept weed-free. Mulching is beneficial. Watering can be carried out in Spring and Summer if no natural rainfall has been recorded. Young plants will thrive with plenty of water. Dry periods during Autumn are quite favourable for the formation of the sweet content.

The root is usually dug in the 3rd or 4th year, although for home use, the 2nd year would yield a considerable quantity of useful root.

The sweet content of the root will be at its best if the flowers are pinched out as they develop. Plants that are allowed to flower and seed use up some of the sweet sap from the root system. If not dug out after the 4th year, roots take on a tough, coarse and woody character. Grown for commercial or home use, the shoots (often called canes) and leaf stems are cut back to soil level each year in Autumn until ready to be pulled.

about the book

unfortunately out of print.
there is one on ebay for $40

The booklet gives the history and the many health benefits of the plant and how to grow. For hundreds of years licorice has been one of the most used Chinese herbs

Licorice is a very special plant, the nutritive and rejuvenating properties have made it one of the most universally consumed herbs.

Since earliest recorded history, it has been valued as a beautifying agent, aphrodisiac, used for vitality and longevity, and often called an elixir of life. It is one of the oldest and best-known remedies for coughs and respiratory conditions.

Glycyrrhzin in the licorice root is a natural sweetener, and although 50 times sweeter than sugar cane, can be utilized by diabetics.

In Egypt, licorice water was a popular sweet drink in the time of the pharaohs. Roman legions considered licorice indispensable ration for their long gruelling campaigns; and it was said soldiers could go up to 10 days without eating or drinking as the licorice properties helped to build stamina and energy, which allayed both hunger and thirst.

It is a time-honoured herb in Chinese medicine, dating back thousands of years. Chinese herbalism applied the principle of prevention, by emphasising the use of tonics and adaptogens, using plants, like licorice, that can regulate, strengthen and invigorate the whole body.

Ten different bio-flavanoids have been found in licorice which are known to have an effect of strengthening the glands, hormone function and immune system, fight cancer cells and protect from cancer and cancer, to name a few. Numerous studies have been carried out on its therapeutic benefits particularly for duodenal and peptic ulcers, hormonal imbalances, respiratory and liver diseases. Studies show that it assists the liver to neutralise toxins.

Aleisha Stewart, Isabell's granddaughter Giving her full approval to licorice lollies

Aleisha Stewart, Isabell’s granddaughter giving her full approval to licorice lollies

Also, mentioned is the potential of licorice as a commercial crop. Most Australians have never tasted licorice root in its natural form. Only a small amount is grown in Australia, with most being exported to Japan for sweetening foods. There is an opportunity for growers to supply processors, city markets, health food shops, tourist attractions, food expos, country markets, and school tuckshops.

Licorice is one of nature’s many-facet natural remedies and sweet flavourings.

and more …..  source of text and images below


It is believed the plant originates from the East, however, it has been grown since early times in China, Africa, Europe, India and the Middle East.

Cut Licorice Root & Leaves

A very hardy, deciduous perennial to 1 metre or taller, growing from a strong root system made up of a taproot and many horizontal-spreading roots, spanning out 1 metre or more. Roots are 1-5cm thick, have a brown woody appearance, a yellow colour internally with fibre that can be pulled apart like long string. Above ground foliage forms on upright thin stems, pinnate leaves with 4-8 pairs of dark green elliptic leaflets 2-3cm long of fern-like appearance. Young leaves feel slightly sticky to touch. Lavender/blue pea flowers 1cm long form as axil clusters, followed by 2-3cm long smooth, brown pods containing 1-7 brown kidneyshaped, pinhead-sized seeds.

Plant licorice in well-limed, well-drained, loose, deep soil; preferably in a sunny position. If soil tends to be clayey, plant on raised beds or hills. Enriching the soil with compost and well-rotted animal manure is beneficial. Licorice should be given room to spread, at least 1-3 square metres. It is a good sign when the plant starts to sucker and send up new shoots, as it signifies roots are growing, with potential for future harvesting. It is the root that gives the flavouring, sweetness and therapeutic uses. Low growing annual herbs or vegetables can be grown around it for 1-2 years.

…  … see How can I use HERBS in my daily life? for full text.

Licorice will do well in temperate, warm and sub-tropical climates; also in

Licorice Patch

tropical areas provided the soil is free draining during wet humid weather. Licorice is not bothered by frosts, as it is dormant in winter, and actually benefits by the defined cold period, which induces the translocation of properties to the underground rhizomes. If plants are mulched thickly, to deter weeds and retain moisture, they will require little attention; but do take time to talk to them and encourage them to produce lots of yummy roots. Roots are dug, washed, and dried in the sun, shade or artificially. Fresh roots are pliable and cut easily. Once dried, roots must be stored away from heat, light and moisture (moisture from the atmosphere can cause mould to grow on roots), and the roots will keep their properties and flavour indefinitely. Licorice can be called a survival food, not only because it stores well, but for its use as a sugar replacement, a refreshing beverage, and its potential to quench the thirst, allay hunger, and its benefits for endurance. There are over 15 species of glycyrrhiza, but not all have sufficient sweetness to be of commercial use, or recognised for medicinal use.


volatile oils, fixed oils, linoleic and linolenic acid, resins, coumarins, alkaloids, tannins, tryptamine, indolo, pyrazine, pyrrolidine, phenols, saponins, flavonoids, salicylic acid, asparagine, betaine, chelite, glycyrrhizin, bitters, isoflavones, oestrogen-like steroids, mucilage, lecithin, protein


A, B1, B2, B5, B6, B9, E


calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, chromium, cobalt, selenium, silicon, zinc


tonic, pectoral, alterative, expectorant, demulcent, emollient, diuretic, aperient, laxative, refrigerant, antiinflammatory, antispasmodic, antifungal, and antibacterial, emmenagogue, oestrogenic, cathartic, stomachic, antiviral, expectorant

Medicinal Uses

Licorice is a very special plant with many healing properties. The rejuvenating and nutritive properties have made it one of the most universally consumed herbs; widely used by practitioners of eastern and western herbalism. Since earliest recorded history, licorice has been valued as an aphrodisiac, beautifying agent, used for vitality, and longevity, often called an elixir of life. The earliest clay tablets found in Mesopotamia, tell of licorice as a panacea potion. It is one of the oldest and best-known remedies for coughs and chest complaints. In Egypt, licorice water has been a popular sweet drink since the time of the pharaohs.

It contains a unique substance called glycyrrhizin; by analysis found to be 50 times sweeter than refined sugar. It is detectable if only one drop is added to 15,000 drops of pure water. The glycyrrhizin has no calories, but the natural licorice root (from which the glycyrrhizin comes) does contain a few calories due to the presence of a very small amount of dextrose (1.4%) and sucrose (3.2%). This sweetener can be utilized by diabetics. Due to its sweetness and flavouring properties, it is used to make the bitterness of other medicines more palatable.

Roman legions considered licorice an indispensable ration for their long grueling campaigns. It was said soldiers could go up to 10 days without eating or drinking as the licorice properties helped to build stamina and energy, which allayed both hunger and thirst. In the year 1305, King Edward I, placed a duty on licorice sales, which went to help finance the repair of London Bridge. Ancient Hindus believed it increased sexual vigour when taken with milk and sugar. In traditional Ayurvedic medicine, herbs were used as special foods, serving to eliminate excesses as well as strengthen deficiencies, restore and rejuvenate. Licorice works on the digestive, respiratory, nervous, reproductive and excretory systems. It is an effective expectorant, often combined with ginger to help liquefy mucus and facilitate its discharge. Combined with cardamom and ginger it is considered a tonic for the teeth. Licorice is used to calm the mind, nourish the brain and increase cranial and cerebrospinal fluid, and to benefit vision, voice, hair, complexion and stamina. Licorice is a time-honoured herb in Chinese medicine, dating back thousands of years. Chinese doctors divided their medicinals into 3 classes, according to their reputed properties. Licorice was listed amongst drugs of the first class because it preserved the life of man. The first class herbs were considered not poisonous, so no matter how much you took or how often you used them, they were not harmful. This supreme group of herbs was used to strengthen the respiratory system, keep the body agile and alert, allowing one to age in years without ageing in body. One longevity formula was made of 20% licorice, 40% gotu kola, 30% ginseng, 10% cayenne, with 2-4g of the formula taken 3 times a day. Chinese medicine was often called the medicine of harmony, as the whole focus was on the creation and expression of harmony, a most meaningful basis of health care. Almost all Chinese herbs are used in mixed formulas that may combine 2 or more herbs. Licorice was in many of these formulas, as I was told by a Chinese herbalist, “You always throw a bit in, it helps to detoxify very strong herbs”. Chinese herbalism applies the principle of prevention by emphasizing the use of tonics and adaptogen, using plants that regulate, strengthen and invigorate the whole body. Ten different bioflavonoids have been found in licorice, that have an effect of strengthening the immune system, fighting cancer cells, and protecting from cancer.

…  … see How can I use HERBS in my daily life? for full text.

Licorice has been given many remedial applications: coughs, colds,

Licorice Products

wheezing, lung complaints, hoarseness, mucus congestion, tonsillitis, abdominal pain, nausea, poor appetite, fatigue, food poisoning, fevers, fluid retention, edema, burning urine and kidney, bladder ailments, gall stones, allergies, cancers and melanomas, conjunctivitis, earache, toothache, age spots, senility, hyperglycemia, menstrual discomforts, vaginal thrush, endometriosis, infertility, candida, ankylosing spondylitis, muscular dystrophy, skin allergies, hemorrhoids, mouth ulcers, nervous tension, insomnia and anxiety, depression, hysteria, indigestion and gastritis, diabetes, drug withdrawal, malaria, inflammations, cramps, Addison’s and Parkinson’s diseases, epilepsy, poor circulation, to lower cholesterol, headaches, earache, herpes, wounds, burns, cold sores, psoriasis, carbuncles, syphilis, abscesses, shingles, and to fight staphylococci. Licorice infusion as a wash has been used on acne scars.

The intricate, multiplex chemistry in licorice gives it a wide-spectrum of properties and actions. Large numbers of studies have been carried out on its therapeutic benefits particularly for duodenal, and peptic ulcers, hormonal imbalances, respiratory and liver diseases. Studies show it assists the liver to neutralize toxins. Numerous trials have been done with patients with gastric ulcers in a number of countries. A twelve-week study of 874 duodenal-ulcer sufferers published in the Medical Journal, Ireland, showed licorice healed ulcers faster than the drug Tagament, with no hormonal side effects. Other studies showed relief to complete cure in 2-6 weeks with patients taking up to 20-25g daily. Licorice assists the healing of stomach ulcers by spreading a protective gel lining over the stomach wall, lowering acid levels, as well as easing painful spasms. Another report showed that the size of ulcers could be reduced 70- 90% in size in one month, and healing had occurred in patients who were not confined to bed, many even able to carry on working during treatment.

Researchers at John Hopkins University U.S.A. found that people suffering with chronic fatigue and low blood pressure benefited with licorice. A Russian study confirmed licorice root used as an ointment, gave good results for the treatment of chronic eczema.

Research shows its usefulness as an expectorant and a cough suppressant, with action resembling codeine. Doubleblind trials showed glycyrrhizin an effective means of treating viral hepatitis. Licorice has been found to heal mouth ulcers, as an infusion to gargle. Clinical trials reported in the ‘Townsend newsletter for doctors’ of using glycyrrhizin intravenously for the treatment of AIDS, which gave significantly marked improvement for patients. Glycyrrhiza in licorice has valuable anti-inflammatory properties, which many people find effective for arthritic and rheumatic pain. A folk remedy is made by dissolving over low heat, 1/2 a stick of licorice (break into small pieces with a hammer, this must be the pure licorice extract), 1 tablesp. celery seed, 4 cups of water in a saucepan. Strain liquid off and bottle. Refrigerate. Take 1 tablesp. three times a day until relief is obtained; then cease taking the mixture until pains in the joints return. If mixture is very thick, a little more water can be added.

Licorice root helps prevent adrenal failure by maintaining electrolyte balance. Research shows benefits for Addison’s disease sufferers. Rather than contributing to adrenal atrophy, as synthetics do, licorice helps to preserve adrenal integrity. Licorice is a herb that can have marked effect upon the endocrine system. The glycosides in the plant have a structure that is similar to the natural steroids of the body. Overworked adrenals in hypoglycaemic cases with nervousness, irritability, stress, fatigue, and depression can be helped with licorice. Many who have taken licorice to support the adrenals find stress, worry and negative attitudes fall away, and that they have strength and energy to cope with daily life, and without the doped out sensations caused by tranquilizers and drugs. A lady called at the farm, and shared that she found licorice helped her to keep hyperglycaemia under control. She also said it helped calm her grandchildren who came to stay, as they tended to be rather hyperactive.

It is the opinion of La Dean Griffin, the American author of a number of natural health books, ‘that many who suffer in mental institutions could be helped with this wonderful herb’.

Licorice has been found to assist the pancreas by stimulating exocrine secretions. Another valuable action of licorice is oestrogen support. This hormone helps to build the endocrine glands, and has been found to be especially helpful in post hysterectomy cases, and the discomforts of menopause. One research report stated that when oestrogen levels are too high, licorice will inhibit oestrogen action, and when oestrogen are too low, it will potentiate oestrogen action, and that administration of glycyrrhiza during the midluteal phase may reduce PMS symptomatology.

Licorice together with alfalfa, dandelion, gotu kola, red clover and sheep sorrel has been used as a blood purifying tea. Licorice combined with barley and couch grass has been brewed in a drink called cure-all. As a metabolic mix for weight loss, licorice, dandelion and fennel are used as a tea.


A general medicinal dose is 1-2 cups of licorice tea a day. 1/2 to 1 teasp. of licorice root or powder is infused to 1 cup of boiling water. Tincture: 1/2 to 1 teasp. twice a day. For therapeutic use, it is recommended that licorice be taken before meals.

Is licorice safe? Licorice is one of the most beneficial, and also controversial, healing herbs. Advocates and users say it has been used safely around the world for thousands of years to treat a multitude of ailments. Critics cannot deny the herb’s effectiveness shown in research, but insist that it can have dangerous side effects. Licorice preparations and even licorice lollies should be avoided in cases of high blood pressure, cardiac or kidney insufficiency, pregnancy, fluid retention, or myasthenia gravis sufferers (rare muscle disease). Licorice may be incompatible or interfere with prescription drugs used for the treatment of hypertension or heart failure. If wishing to use licorice while under medication, use under the guidance of a health care practitioner. Pregnant women are wise to avoid licorice, as it may create fluid retention. One adverse effect of over-indulgence of licorice lollies at any one time, can mean extra tripping to the toilet, as it can act quickly as a laxative. But then, I guess even this for some people could be a health benefit, as most natural health practitioners will tell us, a clean colon is top priority! When licorice root is taken daily, it is recommended that the dose does not exceed 3 grams. Use for 4-6 weeks, and have 1-2 weeks break. If taking licorice in large doses be sensitive to any of the following adverse reactions and symptoms: puffy ankles, facial swelling, shortness of breath, headaches, and general weakness. Be aware some people can be quite sensitive with any herb or drug and may have adverse reactions. In 20 years, I have only heard of one person experiencing rather severe reactions with using licorice as a tea, taking approximately 11/2g of herb daily. He experienced shortness of breath, fatigue, frontal headache, swelling from toes to knees, and burning sensation in legs and hands. In moderation, most people can use licorice safely.

Culinary Uses

Chew on a stick of licorice root as a snack. Many people, who visit the farm seeking out licorice plants, remember with nostalgia, how, in their childhood, they could purchase natural licorice roots, and enjoyed sucking the sweet sticks. During World War II, when food and sugar were rationed, licorice was often the only sweet treat available in Europe, and at 1 penny a piece it gave many hours of chewing pleasure. As one Englishman told me, “I could buy a pennyworth of licorice, chew on it all day, it was better then chewing gum”.

…  … see How can I use HERBS in my daily life? for full text.

Licorice can be used to sweeten foods, such as when stewing rhubarb, tart plums, apples, other fruit and baked goods. Regard licorice as a useful replacement for calorieladen sugar. Diabetics and weight watchers have found licorice useful for sweetening and flavouring. Use licorice to flavour drinks, puddings, confectionery and sherbets. A friend, Andrew, enjoys flavouring icecream with natural licorice root. Brew a cup of licorice tea and sip after a meal to aid the digestion. Even chewing on a chip of licorice root at the beginning of a meal is beneficial, as it activiates salivary glands in the mouth. To make a tea, use 1/2 to 1 teasp. of root chips to 1 cup of boiling water. If the chips are placed in a tea infuser, this can be dunked in the boiling water, the sweetness and the flavour strength made to your liking. These chips can be used a few times over to brew several cups, as the flavour is strong and will be released when placed in boiling water. Try the tea chilled over rocks (ice) in summer. Remember, it is a thirst quencher, and it may also give you more get-upand- go when suffering from heat fatigue! Use the chilled tea as a base for a fruit cup. Make into ice blocks for the children. Add a little licorice root to other refreshing herb teas; the licorice will sweeten the brew naturally. A friend enjoys drinking licorice root and ginger tea. Licorice leaves, fresh or dried (called nakhalsa) are used as a substitute for China tea.

…  … see How can I use HERBS in my daily life? for full text.

Use natural licorice root in place of lollies or chocolates when feeling like something sweet. Chew on a stick when feeling stressed studying for exams, as licorice can help to calm the nerves. Several years ago, I had a man call and asked if I had anything that would help him give up smoking, as he had quit smoking that morning and was having severe withdrawal symptoms. As we had just dug some licorice and had it drying, I offered him a stick that we had cut into 8cm lengths (similar length and size as a cigarette) and suggested he hold it in his mouth like a cigarette and suck the end. Within a couple of minutes of giving him the stick to smoke, his nerves had calmed down, and he said he no longer had the desire for a cigarette. For the next 10 minutes, he kept sucking on the stick, and looking at it, wondering why it did not have smoke coming from it! He was able to kick the habit of smoking. I have shared this incident with other people, who have done likewise and given up smoking. Also, worth noting is the cost of licorice compared to cigarettes. A licorice stick can be used over and over, many times, whenever the quitter has the urge to light a cigarette. Maybe we can set a new trend in Australia, a health trend of smoking licorice sticks. Licorice lollies, like allsorts, twists or straps, that we see in shops, may have a considerable amount of sugar and little real licorice flavouring, due to artificial means of flavouring. Probably Dutch and English Pontefract licorice are some of the purest brands. To make licorice lollies from the natural root, the root is cut finely and boiled, which makes a dark essence, which is used in a recipe together with gum arabic and other ingredients.

Licorice is a favourite flavour for many people, and perhaps we need to consider the benefits of the aroma too. Research at Auburn University USA, when looking for ways of boosting milk production found that dairy cows, when sprayed with licorice-scented aniseed oil are more at ease with each other, reducing aggression and pecking order habits involving biting, pushing and shoving. Researchers found that, as the smell faded, usually after 3 days, the pecking order traits were evident again. Think of other uses of this concept? No doubt about it, licorice aroma is pleasing to the body. Pleasant aromas can have a profound effect on our emotions and the chemistry in our bodies, and have been well used for calming and soothing the mind and the nervous system.

How to use the various triangular toothsticks


How to use the various triangular toothsticks: Sensydene, TePe sticks, Interdens


6 Reasons Why Dentists Recommend Triangular-Shaped Wooden Dental Sticks!


1. The triangular shape.

Designed in the shape of an isosceles triangle, fit perfectly between your teeth. By placing the base of the triangle against the gum tissue, you can remove plaque from the inner tooth surfaces and massage the gum tissue all in one motion.

2. The tapered point.

The tapered point fits so perfectly between your teeth, no matter how tall or short that space is.  Perfect for dislodging food particles and plaque – keeping you clean and comfortable.

3. The wood.

Made of special wood that creates the ideal texture and flexibility when wet, they squeeze in between teeth and remove sticky plaque before it becomes tartar (the stuff your dental hygienist has to scrape off during your cleanings).  And the wood is biodegradable and comes from managed forests.

4. They stimulate your gums.

They will remove plaque and food from between your teeth, but that’s only the beginning.  The in-and-out motion used also stimulates blood flow to your gum tissue – keeping your gums nourished and healthy.

5. They’re safe.

The flexibility of the wood means they will bend or break if you push too hard – they will never shift or damage your teeth.  (Don’t try that with a conventional wooden toothpick!)

Learn The Basics Of Bitcoin Trading : CFD Guide


The Original Wooden Pin Brushes


click image for source

A well-known hair stylist in Milan who worked with models developed the WIDU® concept. He was concerned that the constant washing of hair and heat from the photographic lights dried the scalp. As he felt that boar bristle and nylon bristle brushes had the tendency to both scratch the scalp and tear the hair, so he developed the wooden bristles.

3The brushes are handmade in Italy by adult native artisans that have perfected their skills over the last thirty years. No child labor is utilized. Our products are of impeccable old world quality and long lasting value unlike many of our imitators.

After an extensive study and research the hard white wood of the hornbeam tree was chosen for the bristles. Horn beam is in the birch family and has a strong resistance to breakage and maintains its exceptional smooth qualities.

1432393332The WIDU® Wooden Bristle brush is all-natural. Neither animal by-products nor synthetic materials are used in its manufacture. It is an animal and cruelty-free product. We have discovered that:

1. Wooden bristles gently massage the scalp and move natural oils through the hair. The brushes aid in scalp massage, blood circulation, excess sebum absorption and the removal hair impurities.

2. Massaging the scalp helps promote hair growth and stimulate acupressure points.

3. The combination of wood and natural antistatic rubber helps to prevent flyaway hair.

4. When exposed to a blow dryer, the brush stays cool because wood and rubber do not conduct heat. When hair is wet the wooden bristles glide easily through the tangles.

5. The brushes and combs are naturally hypoallergenic. The comb’s wooden teeth are turned and well finished so they do not tear at the hair. The majority of our brushes and combs are only finished with a protective coating of beeswax or purified linseed oil.

6. Only wood suppliers who agree to a policy of Forest Stewardship Council sustainable forestation are utilized. This also applies to the African wood suppliers.

buy a handcarved woodpick


The Lumberjack (David Prince or Charlene Reichert) is camped out in the Gallery. The Lumberjack whittles toothpicks and is happy to engage in conversation. Toothpicks are for sale! They are available directly from The Lumberjack in the gallery or online at


Vit B 12


i naturally want tPhoto on 2016-01-13 at 12.03 #3o ensure that i have enough Vit B 12.  i have found current wriitngs on the types of *SUBLINGUAL  B12 available. below are some of the articles i have read to help me decide.

But first, a review of the book “Could It Be B12? An Epidemic Of Misdiagnosis”

Written for both the patient and the interested layperson, this detailed book outlines how physicians frequently misdiagnose B12 deficiency as Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis, heart disease, mental retardation, Parkinson’s disease, depression, or other mental illnesses.

*sublingual:    Latin for “under the tongue”, refers to the pharmacological route of administration by which drugs diffuse into the blood through tissues under the tongue.

source :

51zCebgaiBL._SX331_BO1,204,203,200_I am a Chiropractor who has been practicing in the out islands of the Bahamas for 10 years, and prior to that I had a 30 year practice in the Hamptons on Long Island, NY. I am also author of the book “Chiropractic The Superior Alternative.” Chiropractic: The Superior Alternative

“Could It Be B12? An Epidemic Of Misdiagnosis” is the most important book I have read in decades. In it the authors, Sally Pacholok R.N. and her physician husband Jeffrey Stuart D.O., clearly, concisely and convincingly call our attention to a condition that exists in epidemic numbers.

The authors shine the light of day on the fact that deficiency of vitamin B12, a vital nutrient, is much more common than most doctors ever realized. They show that the current standard for what constitutes a normal level of vit.B12 on a blood test is in fact woefully inadequate, and a fraction of the amount necessary to support optimal health and prevent a whole array of conditions directly attributable to B12 deficiency. Pacholok is on a mission to call attention to this often unrecognized deficiency and to raise the bar of what constitutes a healthy level of B12 when measured by blood test.

Pacholok gives scientific proof and compelling statistical evidence that B12 deficiency is responsible for, or a contributor to a whole host of neurological conditions, as well a psychiatric disorders. This list includes Alzheimer’s, and senile dementia as well as Multiple Sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease. It also is a possible cause in cases of infant and juvenile failure of normal neuro-musculoskeltal and arrested intellectual development. This book is rich in case histories of real people whose doctors failed to make what should have been an easy diagnosis of B12 deficiency, but instead of running a simple, inexpensive blood test, opted for other expensive tests, often including costly CAT scans. They instead came up with more exotic and dire diagnoses and treatments.
Pacholok shows us that a high percentage of falls and fractures by senior citizens are caused by B12 deficiency. That some of the most commonly prescribed drugs like Nexium and Prilosec as well as oral diabetic medications to name only a few contribute to B12 deficiency. Popular gastric bypass surgeries virtually guarantee that the recipient will develop a B12 deficiency.

This book is a “must read” for all doctors. It is extremely relevant to Chiropractors, like me who see many patients with a variety neck and back pain and neuropathies especially of the lower extremities, and others who consult us for injuries sustained in falls, some of which are possibly caused byB12 deficiency. Chiropractors, need to be acutely aware that it causes spinal cord degeneration, and must entertain the possibility of this deficiency especially in cases that are unresponsive to their care. We must not fall into the trap of writing off neuropathies we see in diabetics as, simply, diabetic neuropathy or old age if the patient is elderly. Doing so, we may miss the window of opportunity to help save a life, or improve the quality of a life. There are many cases of missed diagnosis which, if they had been caught in the early stages, before permanent neurological damage had been done, could have, saved lives or prevented permanent disability.

The bottom line is that Vitamin B12 deficiency is much more common than most of us have realized. That recognizing it, diagnosing it and treating it is easy and inexpensive. Doing so, any doctor willing to open his/her eyes can contribute to saving lives as well as restoring and preserving quality of life for millions of people while saving billions of dollars in health care costs and personal finances. The early recognition of B12 deficiency can help the twilight years be enjoyable and rewarding as opposed to the exercise in endurance it becomes for too many. That constitutes a win/win in my book.

Jodi Bassett, Health, Healing & Hummingbirds


went and bought 6 different brands of methylcobalamin recently so I could see which one I liked best and keep buying that one.

This Solgar product was easily the winner and I’ve bought tons more of it already. I preferred it to Jarrow, Country Life, Source Naturals, Enzymatic Therapy and Bluebonnet – although the Bluebonnet one was the runner up and also very good. The Bluebonnet one tastes the best.

Solgar methyl B12 by far has the smallest tablet size. It’s about twice as large as the 1000 mcg version Solgar does, but still very small and roundish, and fits under the tongue comfortably. All the other tablets are not rounded, or this small and some even have quite sharp edges (especially Jarrow!). It’s even comfortable and easy to do two of these at a time, one on each side under the tongue. You can just put them there and forget about them. Smaller size means taking in less fillers too which is good if you’re having quite a few of these each day. They also last a good half an hour or so which is important if you want to get good absorption through the mouth and not just swallow it all and defeat the purpose of a sublingual.

It’s also gluten free and tastes okay, sort of a bit like those pink musk lollies. I don’t love the taste but it’s mild and much nicer than some. The taste to me is neutral. Solgar and Bluebonnet sublinguals don’t have that very dry texture mid-use which can be irritating in the mouth. They work well too!

It is just not true as some claim that oral B12 products as absorbed as well as sublinguals. They are not, although the best absorption comes of course B12 given IV or injected IM or subcutaneously. There is also liposomal B12.

Everyone needs one of these 5 mg sublinguals daily at least, or as much as is tolerated and feels good. B12 over 1 mg needs to be accompanied by at least 1 mg of activated folate too (avoid all synthetic folate!) plus a good B complex.

If you have any diseases affecting the kidneys or bladder, any neurological disease, mental illness, balance issues, numbness or tingling or shooting or buring pains in your rams or legs or hands or feet it’s a really good idea to get checked out for B12 deficiency. It is a lot more common than you may think and being a meat eater doesn’t guarantee you wont have low levels as these can be caused by gut issues such as low stomach acid and many other things. The wonderful book Could It Be B12?: An Epidemic of Misdiagnoses explains everything you need to know.

Methylcobalamin is a coenzyme form of vitamin B12 and is essential for cell growth and replication. It is more concentrated than other forms of B12 in the cerebral spinal fluid where it can be used by the central nervous system. It donates methyl groups to the myelin sheath that insulates certain nerve fibers. It also plays a role in maintaining a healthy sleep/wake cycle, as well as normal nerve function.

The recommended dosage is often 1 – 5 mg taken sublingually daily – even for healthy people. The dosage used to treat neurological diseases, B12 deficiency and MTHFR/methylation issues etc. is often 5 – 20 mg plus taken sublingually daily, depending on the patient’s response.

I think more companies should copy the shape of this sublingual, and the smaller size. It’s so much nicer and easier to take. Some of the bigger ones can really irritate your mouth and just don’t fit in the mouth comfortably. This is a great product and methyl B12 and B12 generally is just so so important! 5 stars.

Jodi Bassett, Health, Healing & Hummingbirds

source …

As you might imagine, I get into a lot of discussions about vitamin B12 on facebook and twitter, and also via email. Vegans have many good questions about this nutrient. And sometimes some not-so-good opinions about it.
This past year I found myself chatting with the editor of a vegan publication who insisted that my perspective on B12 supplements was outdated. She was convinced that supplements were unnecessary and knew this because of what she had learned on a holistic health cruise.
Okay, well I’ve never been on a holistic health cruise. And I have no doubt that some are better than others. It’s just that, when it comes to vacations, I lean more toward Yellowstone National Park or maybe poking around antique stores along the Maine coast. Whether or not those are the better choices, at least they aren’t sources of dangerous nutrition misinformation. And the idea that vegans don’t need to supplement with vitamin B12 is just that.
I don’t claim to know everything in the world about optimal nutrition for vegans. Nobody does. But based on the available evidence, I do know that—right now—the only responsible advice is for vegans to supplement with this nutrient. Current recommendations are for vegans to supplement with cyanocobalamin in one of the following three ways:
2.5 mcg two times per day
25-100 mcg daily
1,000 mcg two times per week
When I share this information on social media and elsewhere, people often want to know what brand of supplement I take and what brands I suggest. I’m currently taking a Safeway brand of vitamin B12 providing 1,000 mcg. I take it twice per week. It’s cheap and readily available. But when I started to dig around on the internet to find a few other brands to recommend, it turned out to be much more difficult than I expected.
I was looking for supplements that are vegan (which means no animal-derived fillers; the B12 itself is always vegan) and that provided cyanocobalamin. I also wanted one that doesn’t provide other nutrients.
Of the vegan supplements I found, most contained methylcobalamin, not cyano. And a few that contained cyanocobalamin provided a hefty dose of folic acid which may or may not be a problem.
Although there is some evidence that folic acid supplements could raise risk for cancer, the studies on this are conflicting. Still, it makes sense for vegans to err on the side of caution where these supplements are concerned. Our diets can provide plenty of folate (the natural form of the vitamin) and so we shouldn’t need to supplement with it. (The exceptions are pregnant women and women trying to get pregnant; they should take folic acid supplements.)
Many of the cyanocobalamin supplements seemed to be vegan, but it wasn’t always entirely clear that this was so. Almost all included stearate or magnesium stearate, ingredients that may or may not be vegan. Some brands, like mine from Safeway, specify “vegetable magnesium stearate,” but most simply don’t say.
Many readers of this blog are not concerned about these minute filler ingredients in which case any of the supplements below should be fine. But I’m providing the information about these ingredients for those who prefer to know.
With all of that in mind, here is a list of vitamin B12 supplements that provide cyanocobalamin with no additional nutrients.
These three brands appear to be vegan:
Spring Valley
Nature’s Bounty
Safeway Brand

These brands contain either stearate or magnesium stearate of undisclosed origin:
Nature Made
Twin Labs B12 dots
Source Naturals

If you know of other supplements to add to these lists, please share them below in the comments.

Supplements, vitamin B12
← Why Do Some People Fail at Being Vegan?
The Vegan Feminist Agitator interviews The Vegan RD! →

131 Responses to Finding the Best Vegan Vitamin B12 Supplement
Priscilla February 6, 2015 at 11:51 am # 
I use Sundown Naturals sublingual B Complex (liquid drops). The bottle states it is a “vegetarian formula”. It provides 1200 mcg B-12 (as Cyanocobalamin). I buy it on Amazon but I have also seen it in some Food Lion stores.
Ginny Messina February 6, 2015 at 12:21 pm # 
Okay, I’ll look into this one. It sounds like the one you are taking provides a number of different B vitamins–is that right? But it looks like they have a line that includes several different B12 options.
Priscilla February 6, 2015 at 1:19 pm # 
The Sundown Naturals B-complex with B-12 has (per 1 mL serving):
–Vitamin B-2 (as riboflavin 5′-sodium phosphate): 1.7 mg
–Niacin (as Niacinamide): 20 mg
–Vitamin B-6 (as Pyridoxine Hydrochloride): 2 mg
–Vitamin B-12 (as Cyanocobalamin): 1200 mcg
–Pantothenic Acid (as Dexpanthenol): 30 mg
Andrea March 6, 2015 at 5:48 am # 
Hello i have found sundown B-Complex in tablets, it has 6mcg, according to the dosage should i split the tablets I can take 3mcg twice a day?
Or should I go 5 tablets once a day so i take 30mcg daily? I’m confused!
Samantha August 20, 2015 at 4:35 pm # 
I’ve read that methylcobalamin b12 supplements are better for you than cyanocobalamin b 12 supplements. What is your opinion on the matter?
Ginny Messina August 22, 2015 at 12:26 pm # 
Samantha, this article explains why I recommend cyanocobalamin.
Michelle September 7, 2015 at 6:47 am # 
The B12 I want to take contains folic acid and vitamin B6 along with the B12. 
“Megafoods B12″ is the supplement. What are your thoughts on the safety of taking synthetic folate (folic acid) as well as synthetic B6? Some science has claimed the folic acid supplements are harmful, and causative of disease. Thanks for any thoughts on this.
Jim February 6, 2015 at 12:11 pm # 
What lead you to choose cyanocobalamin vs methylcobalamin? Doesn’t ingesting cyanocobalamin introduce cyanide into your body?
Ginny Messina February 6, 2015 at 12:20 pm # 
There is evidence that the methyl version may be less stable so that huge doses are required. And it just hasn’t been studied as well as cyanocobalamin. The cyano form does provide some cyanide but it’s a very tiny amount.
Cristina February 9, 2015 at 2:38 pm # 
I’m curious! Can you provide the peer reviewed study? I have studied bioinorganic chemistry, and from what I understand B12’s purpose is to transfer methyl groups, so buy ingesting the form without the cyanide group, I’d think it’d be more efficient?
Axel Lieber February 9, 2015 at 5:43 pm # 
Cristina, cyanocobalamin is usually preferred because it’s not susceptible to oxidation. The literature generally states that it is readily converted so really no point in fussing about it. Here is a link for you. I don’t have access to this so I don’t know what it says. If you do have access I would greatly appreciate if you could report back here what it says.
Cara February 26, 2015 at 8:55 am # 
I don’t have access to the original paper, but I found a PDF that reports the results from that paper.
Apparently the authors found that cyano and methyl B12 have similar absorption in humans at doses of 1 to 25 mcg, and the % absorption drops off as the dose increases. (Note that B12 supplements can be as high as 5000 mcg!)
Angie June 26, 2015 at 4:07 pm # 
just watched this video by a doctor who has researched B12 ,which totally contradicts your claim about cyanocobalamin, in fact says it is simply the cheapest to manufacture, is very bad for us and should be totally avoided
Ginny Messina June 26, 2015 at 5:25 pm # 
He also believes in detox diets. I wouldn’t take his opinions too seriously. And I wouldn’t look to chiropractors for advice on nutrition.
Aaron February 6, 2015 at 12:32 pm # 
I use Whole Foods brand Vitamin B12. It’s 500mcg as cyanocobalamin (no folate or other micronutrients).
Bobbi February 7, 2015 at 3:09 pm # 
I use Whole Foods brand also.
David Sonenb February 10, 2015 at 4:10 pm # 
Whole foods brand has stearate.
Casey February 6, 2015 at 1:21 pm # 
I use the target brand one right now.
Melissa February 6, 2015 at 2:26 pm # 
Alicia Silverstone has partnered with Garden of Life to produce a line of vegan supplements. Among them is a spray b-12. I thought you might like to know :-)
Ginny Messina February 7, 2015 at 10:30 am # 
I had looked at these, and they all seem to be methylcobalamin.
Alison February 6, 2015 at 7:22 pm # 
I’m in Australia, and we have a brand called Nature’s Own, which do a few different B12-alone formulations at different strengths (1000, 250), all cyanocobalamin and with no added ‘yeast, gluten, lactose, sugar, artificial colours or flavours, artificial sweeteners or preservatives, dairy products or animal derived products’ (quoting the label)
Renée February 9, 2015 at 8:51 pm # 
I also take Nature’s Own, blend it into our homemade milk, equivalent to what’s in commercial fortified milk. I emailed the Nature’s Own a while back to be pedantic, they said it’s suitable for vegans. Seems to be in most Australian supermarkets and chemists.
I did the Cornell/T Colin Campbell Foundation plant-based nutrition course – a staff member recommended Jarrow methyl supplements (sublingual/chewable) if people were concerned about B12 (pregnancy, long-term vegan, other reason to suspect low levels), otherwise take no supplements (possibly this is what is recommended on “holistic health” cruises as well?). I’ve been taking both supplements recently… Food and yeast is generally fortified with cyano, yes? So I’m taking in that as well… I’m debating whether to ditch the methyl due to higher cost/lesser shelf life… or whether to ditch the cyano and eat more nutritional yeast/fortified snacks… although the tasty methyls are popular with my kids… Will probably just keep doing what I’m doing… assuming that’s not too much… B-12 is water-soluble so it’s ok to get a bit extra, yes? Especially since methyl could be less reliable… Haven’t got my latest blood tests back yet…
Andrea February 7, 2015 at 3:31 am # 
I use Kind Organics B12, which is also fortified with some omegas.
Ginny Messina February 7, 2015 at 10:30 am # 
Thanks for this info–this is methylcobalamin, though, not cyano.
Denise February 7, 2015 at 4:07 am # 
Pharmassure B-12 says vegetarian on the bottle. It has 500 mcg of cyano.
Erin February 7, 2015 at 5:05 am # 
Hmmmm… “Vegan for Life” (Chapt 3, “Vitamin B12: The Gorilla in the Room”, section “Meeting Vitamin B12 Needs” – location 750 in the Kindle version) says I need to take 1,000 mcg of B12 three times per week as a regular supplementation dose. I’m confused… is the 1000 mcg 2x/week in this post an updated recommendation…? Or was 3x/week a typo…?
Ginny Messina February 7, 2015 at 10:32 am # 
I think the Vegan for Life rec was a typo or just a mistake since Jack and I both recommend 2x per week. But really, 2-3 times per week is reasonable.
Jaya February 7, 2015 at 8:06 am # 
I use Deva which I buy on Amazon or It’s methyl though.
Matt February 7, 2015 at 8:11 am # 
Wait — cruises aren’t the ultimate source of scientific knowledge???
Eve-Marie Williams February 7, 2015 at 8:24 am # 
I am taking Dr. Fuhrman’s daily multivitamin for women, which includes 40mcg B12 as methylcobalamin. I am not taking any additional B12 supplement. Now I am confused because I trusted Dr. Fuhrman to provide everything I needed in his multi, and to provide a product that stays on top of the most current research – do you think I need to switch to cyanocobalamin?
Ginny Messina February 7, 2015 at 10:34 am # 
I think you need to switch to either cyanocobalamin or take a much bigger dose of methyl–probably around 1,000 per day, although it’s not really known how much is enough.
Annemarie February 7, 2015 at 8:30 am # 
Favourite is LifeGive B-12 Forte from the Hippocrates Health Institute. If you’ve ever heard Brian Clement speak you know how strongly he recommends B12 for everyone not just vegans. My second preference is Garden of Life Vitamin Code Raw B-12.
David February 7, 2015 at 8:37 am # 
I also use Whole Foods brand vitamin B12 500 mcg in a sublingual/chewable tablet with 100 tablets per bottle at ~$6-7 a bottle (have to get chewable since my partner can’t swallow pills very well). It does have magnesium stearate but the bottle indicates the supplement is vegetarian.
Natasha Sankovitch February 7, 2015 at 9:32 am # 
I’ve been reading about the difference between cyanocobalamin B12 and the methylcobalamin B12, and I choose methylcobalamin, I used Kirkland’s B12 (Costco’s brand).
Barb February 9, 2015 at 10:12 pm # 
Me Too!
Amy February 7, 2015 at 9:44 am # 
This blog is excellent – reasoned, practical and extremely well written. Though I am not yet vegan, I am working toward that, and I am so glad I have this information as a reference.
My concern about any supplements was given a bit of credence by this recent article in the New York Times about herbal supplements that were not to be trusted. I always wonder about the supplements I take, such as vitamin D, and hope the companies are honest ones.
Ginny Messina February 7, 2015 at 10:37 am # 
Yes, I’m concerned about that, too. I think it’s less likely to be a problem with something like B12 than with herbal extracts, but it’s true that it’s hard to know what you’re getting with supplements. One thing you can do is look for those that carry a USP logo on them which shows that they have been verified to contain what they say they contain.
Richard February 7, 2015 at 9:44 am # 
I’m a little hesitant to go with Spring Valley (Walmart’s brand) after the recent scandal involving Walmart, Target, Walgreens, etc., allegedly selling fraudulent supplements:
Right now I take a Nature Made 1,000 mcg tablet every day. I know that’s more than the recommendation states, but I do it in the hopes of mitigating my chronic fatigue syndrome, even if only by a little bit. (I know that the Nature Made line may not be vegan; I just can’t afford to go with all-vegan supplements right now. My actual diet is vegan.)
Is it true that you shouldn’t take B12 in tablet form if it’s not chewable or dissolvable? I’ve heard some people say that, while others say that you’re okay so long as your tablet contains cyanocobalamin in the amounts you list in this blog post.
Ginny Messina February 7, 2015 at 10:40 am # 
I’m less concerned about their nutrient supplements than the herbal ones, but I agree that it’s a legitimate concern. I don’t think your supplement absolutely has to be chewable or dissolvable, but it could help you absorb the nutrients in the pill. In your case, it makes sense to choose one that you can chew (or that dissolves).
alejandra February 7, 2015 at 10:36 am # 
what about intramuscuar? which is the dose??
Ginny Messina February 9, 2015 at 12:20 pm # 
Alejandra, I don’t know what the dose is for intramuscular injections. It depends to some degree on the situation and is actually a medical issue rather than a nutritional one. So your doctor would know more about this.
Dan February 7, 2015 at 11:19 am # 
Thanks for this article, it’s very timely for me as I just picked up a B12 supplement again the other day, after being without for quite a few months. 
I picked up a brand from Bellingham Community Co-op which seems to be their own brand. I was a little confused by the options in store, so I’m pleased to see this one meets all your recommendations!
This one has 1,000mcg cyanocobalamin, and lists the magnesium stearate as being from vegetable source. In fact it even specifically labels the bottle as being suitable for vegans.
I had been curious about the dosing, as the dosage recommendations on the bottle are one a day, which seemed excessive for 1,000mcg. Having read this post my bottle will now last >3 times as long!
Gary Safron February 7, 2015 at 11:42 am # 
i take NOW 1000 B 12 mcg supplements. NOW is a local Chicago company with extremely high quality control standards and have been in business 40 years. They recommend to take 1x per day but I only take twice a week. It says. Vegan on the bottle. 
The cost is very reasonable as 250 lozenges cost $11.00.
Ginny Messina February 9, 2015 at 12:22 pm # 
Gary, I did check out NOW supplements because I know this is a good vegan brand. But I couldn’t find anything that met my criteria. The one with cyanocobalmin also had folic acid. And the other was methylcobalamin. Did you find something different from this?
george jacobs February 7, 2015 at 11:58 am # 
Here’s a list of B12 with cyano:
Lani February 7, 2015 at 12:14 pm # 
I was told that you could take 2500 mg sl once a week. I have been doing that for awhile now and blood levels have been ok. Is this not appropriate? What if blood levels go higher than norm? Is that a problem?
Ginny Messina February 9, 2015 at 12:30 pm # 
No, it’s not really a problem if blood levels go higher than normal–although it can be a sign that you can back off a little bit on supplements. It sounds like what you’re doing is working for you!
Raisa Jari February 7, 2015 at 12:31 pm # 
I have been going by your Becoming Vegan book and use B12 fortified nutritional yeast every day (2 T in the morning). I also drink a couple of cups of fortified soy milk in the evening. Is this not enough? Should I be switching?
Ginny Messina February 9, 2015 at 12:31 pm # 
Raisa, what you are doing is actually the same as my first recommendation–to consume 2 doses of B12 per day providing 2.5 mcg per dose. So I think what you are doing is fine.
Steph February 7, 2015 at 12:50 pm # 
Question regarding children, ages 9 and 10:
Because I can’t find a very low mcg B12 for the recommended daily dose, I’ve been giving my sons 750 mcg of cyanocobalamin (Whole Foods brand) twice a week. I am wondering, is there no concern about cyanide for children at these doses? 
I can split the 500 mcg tablets into fourths with a pill cutter and just give it to them every day, but that would be 125 mcg, above the recommended daily dose, which is 20-75 for their age group, according to Jack Norris…I don’t think I can split them smaller than that. Would that be better? 700 mcg per week vs. 1500, but more per day than recommended.
Just to complicate things, the newly vegan son eats some B12 fortified foods, and the younger, who is not a vegan, eats a hamburger a week, though no other amimal foods (picky eater).
Thank you for any insight. Sorry for the novel.
Stephanie February 9, 2015 at 7:41 am # 
On thought, I’m going with the split pills, daily dose.
I wish someone would make a plain, chewable B12 at lower doses!
Thank you for the great blog and books!
Ginny Messina February 9, 2015 at 12:33 pm # 
I think what you’re doing right now is fine. You are on target with the dose, and it’s an amount that is providing only the tiniest amounts of cyanide. And even with a few servings per week of fortified foods or animal foods, I’d stick with your current approach.
Steph February 9, 2015 at 12:40 pm # 
Thank you!
Radha Sahar February 7, 2015 at 1:05 pm # 
Thank you for your wonderful service through this blog, Ginny. I really appreciate your knowledge and generosity to share it.
We are vegan, supplement each day, and get a free blood test each 6 months to monitor our B12 levels, which seem to be OK. But a friend, who is on a mainstream, diet including meat (and too much alcohol), is regularly deficient in B12 despite his blood level reading normal!!!(according to his doctor, who prescribes intravenous shots every so often to keep him on track … is that the alcohol?) Rather puzzling! To add to my confusion, naturopaths here in New Zealand claim that methyl is better absorbed by the body. One friend had been taking cyno for years, was suffering from extreme exhaustion and was alarmed to be diagnosed with pernicious anemia. She switched to methyl and has regained a good level. Could it be that people vary as to what type of B12 they absorb? If so, the issue is not so clear. And if blood levels can also be counted on only to some extent, it is extremely confusing! The natural questions to then ask, are (1) what is the safe B12 dosage limit? – (so we can take a bit more, or some of each form, to ‘cover’ us if we are tired etc), and (2) to what extent does B12 need it’s other B vitamin components in order to be well absorbed? And if we need more of the B vit group, what components are most important, and safe to supplement with? I don’t like taking supplements of any kind, and only take B12, an occasional Vegan DHA/EPA, and some Vit D towards the end of winter. I tell all people interested in vegan diet that they must take B12 – and give them a link to your blog of course!
Ginny Messina February 9, 2015 at 12:39 pm # 
Yes, alcohol can definitely affect B12 levels. I don’t know why your friend would do better with the methylcobalamin than cyano, though. There are all kinds of possibilities, including different dosages or even the quality of the supplements. 
As for the highest amount to take, there is no good info on that and excess B12 is generally excreted from the body. But I wouldn’t go crazy with it and would try just a little bit above my recommendations if you feel that you need it.
Radha Sahar February 9, 2015 at 1:25 pm # 
Thank you Ginny. Good advice. I might alternate the methyl (Source Naturals 1 mg daily), with cyno for a change. Your advice on cyno is new to me, and I know this is the standard form prescribed by doctors. It is only naturopaths who are currently recommending methyl. Considering most of them here recommend people eat plenty of raw cows milk, butter, coconut oil, and avoid all soy, as if it were poison, and grains are also ‘bad’ I’ve serious reservations about where they’re coming from. Their ‘methyl’ might be yet another ‘health-fashion trend’. I feel healthy, am monitoring well, and my levels are ‘good’, but I would like to learn more as to why cyno is better, as this is of crucial importance to vegans, as you say! – any links? Thanks again, Radha
Miriam February 7, 2015 at 1:18 pm # 
I use Solgar, 1000 micrograms, cyanocobalamin–250-Nuggets–sublingual_p_705.html
Thanks for your excellent blog
Brandon Becker February 7, 2015 at 3:08 pm # 
Nature Made told me via email in 2012 that their B12 in tablet form contains no animal-derived ingredients. So unless something has changed in the formula since then, it should still be vegan.
I currently take Solgar’s B12 1000 mcg nuggets 1-2 times per week:
They are vegan, taste good, come in a glass bottle, and aren’t expensive.
compostbrain February 7, 2015 at 3:10 pm # 
I have been a vegan since 1992 and have never taken a b12 supplement. I recently had my b12 tested and it was normal. I believe this may be because I regularly ingest nutritional yeast. What is your view on this as an alternative to b12 supplementation?
Ginny Messina February 9, 2015 at 12:40 pm # 
If it’s nutritional yeast that is grown on a B12-rich medium, then I think it’s a good way to get B12.
rk1967 February 9, 2015 at 1:42 pm # 
Hi, many people say their b12 level is normal, but never post the results. I have seen the normal range listed from 250-900. I was tested at 700-900 during my recent tests. Just curious what others consider normal. Thanks
risa m. mandell February 7, 2015 at 3:45 pm # 
thanks for your article re B12! i use MegaFood Balanced B Complex (; it’s label shows, Certified Vegan the Supplement Facts show Vitamin B12, 25mg S. cerevisiae 125mcg and if i’m understanding correctly, that’s 2083% of the Daily Value. i take 1/2 tablet 2-3x/wk.
Melody February 8, 2015 at 9:31 am # 
I’ve been taking NOW B12 (cyanocobalamin) 1000 mcg twice a week for quite some time. I’ve been vegan for many years. I was recently diagnosed with B12 deficiency in spite of this. My B12 level was normal, but I had an elevated methylmalonic acid. I’ve had no symptoms of B12 deficiency. I was told by MD to increase to 1000 mcg daily and will be re-tested after 6 months.
edo February 9, 2015 at 4:33 am # 
I some time back read the Vegan Health text ( ) on different forms of B12 and have since then hedged my bets. I take 1,000 mcg cyano twice a week and 1,000 mcg methylcobalamin once a week. But that text also mentions a third form adenosylcobalamin, which I’ve never seen in listed in a product. Do you have any comment on that third form of B12 Ginny?
L C February 9, 2015 at 1:48 pm # 
I’ve been trying to find a brand that is effective and safe for my 2-year-old daughter. I would prefer not to give her a multi-vitamin chewable, but all the b12 sprays (which are mostly methyl anyway) I can find say “not intended for children” on them. As a nutritionist, Ginny, what is your take? 
My daughter currently drinks enough fortified soy milk every day to be ingesting about 100% of the adult intake recommendation, but I am hoping to decrease her intake of that soon (it’s got more added sugar than I’d like). The two nutrients it provides that I can’t seem to find good replacements for are b12 and iodine. She already takes a chewable D supplement, and other than that her diet should be giving her what she needs. Your advice would be so much appreciated!
Andy February 9, 2015 at 1:51 pm # 
Hi Ginny
Thanks for this information. I’m taking 1 a day of Veganicity 100 B12 Cyan. It states vegan on the label…
Lois February 9, 2015 at 1:53 pm # 
Ginny, all my vegan vitamins and supplements are from Deva (on Amazon). Just confirmed the B12 is methyl with 400 mg folic acid. I take one every 3 days. Am also getting another 400 mg folic in their daily multi. Is that too much and do I need to switch to a cyano B12?
Jada February 9, 2015 at 1:54 pm # 
I take Vitamin World’s B12 it’s sublingual,5000MCG, is that too much? My son(13 yrs. old) and I take it once a week.
Jordan February 9, 2015 at 1:59 pm # 
I was under the impression that methylcobalamin was the best form of Vitamin B-12 to take. Why is cyanocobalamin superior?
pgyx February 9, 2015 at 3:58 pm # 
I, too, am under the impression that methylcobalamin is a more usable form than cyanocobalamin. I take it only intermittently (working on doing it regularly) and my serum B12 level was ~700. I use Source Naturals and now Joel Furhman’s prenatal vitamin which has folate instead of folic acid.
37. February 9, 2015 at 3:00 pm # 
What do you think about Pure Advantage B12 500mcg Methylcobalamin Vegan Certified? It’s not on your list 🙂 I’m taking one year, and it cool
Prema February 9, 2015 at 3:03 pm # 
I buy SOLAR sublingual B12 100mcg. It just says cobalamin but does not specify methyl or cyan. it does mention vegetable magnesium stearate. I do believe it is all vegetarian. I did ask for vegetarian source at the health food store. I just started taking B12 after reading about its importance. I have been vegetarian (no vegan, I eat some dairy occasional organic eggs, but not daily). I have been following this diet for 42 years.
Glenn February 9, 2015 at 3:14 pm # 
I live in Canada and found a cyanocobalamin that’s suitable for vegans from Sisu Products:
Ingrid February 9, 2015 at 4:51 pm # 
Great article Ginny – thank you so much! 
I learned the hard way that I couldn’t take 1000 mcg B12 daily (I’d heard that extra is excreted.) My blood levels were quite high. I’m happy to see that your recommendation to take 1000 mcg twice weekly is what I’m currently doing.
This is my first time on your site. I’ll definitely be back!
Allison February 9, 2015 at 4:57 pm # 
I take Garden of Life methylcobalamin spray. It provides 500 mcg/spray and I take one spray/day. I recently had my vitamin B12 level checked and it was at 916 pg/mL. The range is 211-911 pg/mL. I think it’s safe to assume the methyl form is working appropriately.
Carolyn February 9, 2015 at 5:28 pm # 
I take methylcobalamin, which is the superior form of B12 and is better assimilated into the body.
Axel Lieber February 9, 2015 at 7:22 pm # 
Carolyn, do you have a scientific (i.e. peer-reviewed, published) source for your claim that methylcobalamin is “superior”? All I could find in the literature is that cyanocobalamin is readily converted to methylcobalamin etc in the human body and has the added advantage of being stable (methylcobalamin is susceptible to oxidation). I would be most obliged if you could post links to the science.
Jim February 9, 2015 at 8:34 pm # 
Cyna has to go through a conversion process in your body to turn it into a Methyl for your body to absorb it. Why would anyone recommend otherwise? Personally I use Jarrow’s 1000 mcg daily. It’s Vegan friendly. To shake things up, I’ll use Garden Of Life’s organic spray.
Mindy Maree February 9, 2015 at 6:23 pm # 
I have been taught that Methyl- and not cyano- is the preferred one. Why do you go with cyano- and not methyl -?
zsfcxfd February 9, 2015 at 6:57 pm # 
How to increase Vitamin B12 content in a person aged 73 (male)?
Eats a healthy diet! Not a vegetarian or a vegan. Is it possible to do it without supplements?
Would really appreciate a reply!
Thank you!
Ann February 9, 2015 at 7:43 pm # 
Bluebonnet Earth Sweet Chewable Vitamin B12 5000mcg has the Vegan icon on the bottle.
i take it once a week.
Ann February 9, 2015 at 7:45 pm # 
add to above that Bluebonnet is cyanocobalamin form
Sandy February 9, 2015 at 7:57 pm # 
In Canada I take Jamieson Natural Sources B12, 1,200 mcg twice a week. It is Cyanocobalamin which gradually releases the B12. Also contains cellulose, diccalcium phosphate, vegetable magnesium stearate, water-soluble cellulose, Brazialian palm tree wax. No salt, sugar, starch, gluten, lactose, artificial colors, flavors or preservatives.
Kristin February 9, 2015 at 9:43 pm # 
I have been taking NutraBulk B-12 sublingual lozenges, 2500 mcg once a week (well, trying to remember to take them weekly). They specify vegetable magnesium stearate, and they use cyanocobalamin. I’ve been vegan for 8 or 9 years (vegetarian before that since 1995) but have never had my B12 levels checked. Need to add that to my next blood work.
paolo firlano February 9, 2015 at 10:11 pm # 
Hello, I take Phoenix Long-life 2000 micrograms weekly. What do you think?
Stephen February 9, 2015 at 10:22 pm # 
I take Deva Vegan B12
Caleb February 10, 2015 at 12:49 am # 
Thank you for an interesting article. I was just wondering if you have more information regarding the differences between different forms of B12. I see many asking in the comments about it, maybe you could share your views in the article? Personally I have settled for 1000ug hydroxycobalamin drops ~1/week, which seem to be working, but I would be interested in what litterature says about it. Thanks!
Ginny Messina February 11, 2015 at 10:50 am # 
Yup, I’m working on a primer on B12 that will address these differences.
Trae Palmer February 10, 2015 at 4:02 am # 
I’m currently taking a Sprout’s brand methyl B-12 at 1000 mcg per day, but I do have a bottle of the Nature’s Bounty (2500 mcg cyanocobalamin) product on hand that I was planning on using after I’d gone through the bottle of the methyl B-12. The methyl B12 I have is in a dark glass bottle, but I’m wondering if I should just get rid of it and switch to the Nature’s Bounty one I have immediately. I also drink several sevings of fortified plant milk and use fortified nutritional yeast daily.
Ginny Messina February 11, 2015 at 10:49 am # 
The 1,000 mcg of methylcobalamin might be okay, especially if it’s protected from light. But again, we just don’t know for sure how much methyl is enough.
Trae Palmer February 16, 2015 at 6:34 pm # 
Thanks for the reply ! I’m thinking I might just use up the rest of the methyl to avoid wasting it and in the future just buy the cyanocobalamin form. The methyl product I have open is stored in a dark medicine cabinet and the bottle’s glass is quite dark, so it’s *probably* protected from light, though I’m considering moving it to my refrigerator to further slow degradation. 
What’s funny is that the methyl form is about all that’s available now at my local health food store, yet at Fresh & Easy near me, which is conveniently open 24 hours, they have a vegan cyano product, so it’s actually much easier for me to get the more stable form, as well ! :)
janet @ the taste space February 10, 2015 at 4:29 am # 
Hi Ginny, I actually take methyl, but the same company has a cyano version.
I find the SL dose so much easier so I will probably continue with it. Great post though. It bothers me when vegans do not supplement at all with B12.
Sally February 10, 2015 at 5:36 am # 
I take Solgar B12 2000mcg liquid drops (cyanocobalamin)
Out of all the B12 I have tried, I find this one the best and this one helped increase my B12 levels so I didnt need to get shots.
It does however come combined with other B Vits, but I don’t mind that as I find B vits work better as a package.
Personally I would avoid supermarket brand vitamins (here in the uk) as I don’t trust the quality of the supplement. I tend to stick with Solgar, Biocare and Seagreens.–59ml_p_554.html?gclid=CKLrp4K-18MCFWfKtAod_xcAwg
Michelle February 10, 2015 at 8:08 am # 
Hi Ginny! Thanks for the article. I have noticed that most (?all) of the B12 supplements on the market are sublingual. Why is that? I know people with true pernicious anemia, who don’t make intrinsic factor in the stomach, cannot absorb B12 through the GI tract and therefore need B12 either in an injectable or sublingual form. But for those of us without pernicious anemia, is there any difference between sublingual and a regular oral tablet? Or are the manufacturers just making the sublingual to capture the pernicious anemia market?
Ginny Messina February 11, 2015 at 10:48 am # 
I think they are probably marketing this as better because it is absorbed directly without digestion. And as you noted, it could be for some people. For most of us, swallowing a pill is just fine. And chewing it before you swallow it could add a little advantage.
Clementine February 10, 2015 at 8:59 am # 
SOLGAR, sublingual/chewable vit B12 (cyanocobalamin) 1000microg twice a week, suitable for vegans
Julie February 10, 2015 at 5:40 pm # 
Hi thanks for the helpful info & comments of fellow readers.
Which cyano based b12 supplements can be purchased in England,?
I read somewhere that b4 u supplement, u should check to see if you are actually deficient, otherwise your body can build a resistance to it.
Thanks to all who reply ;)
Allan Ng February 11, 2015 at 9:43 pm # 
Thanks for the article. Didn’t realized twice a week (1000 mcg) would be enough.
We have been taking 500 mcg daily for a long time. Sundown Naturals which is Cyano with other nutrients and similar to Safeway brand it list the following as other ingredients: Dicalcium Phosphate, Vegetable Cellulose, Vegetable Stearic Acid, Silica, Vegetable Magnesium Stearate.
Will try 4 times a week instead of 7
Vegans from Singapore.
Carolyn February 15, 2015 at 5:40 am # 
Hi Ginny,
Any suggestions for someone with a cobalt allergy? When I started taking b12 I broke out in rashes and eventually had skin patch testing done that determined cobalt as the cause. I stopped taking it and my skin cleared, but I’m concerned about becoming deficient. Thanks!
Sep September 17, 2015 at 10:28 am # 
Hi Carolyn
Did you find out which Vitamin B-12 does not have cobalt in it. I am taking iron supplements and Mason B-12 at the same time. Not sure which one of it is causing me difficulty breathing. Thanks.
Juliana February 22, 2015 at 5:07 pm # 
We take Pure Vegan B 12. It provides 500 mcg. Now recently I have purchased Garden of Life organic B 12 which is Non Gmo, organic and gluten free certified.
Sarah March 17, 2015 at 5:04 pm # 
Hi Ginny,
I am a graduating dietetics student and am considering the switch to a vegan lifestyle for environmental reasons. I am studying the advanced micro-nutrient metabolism materials right now. I don’t understand why there isn’t a B-complex vitamin out there for vegans that has only the B-vitamins we need and in the amounts we need them. We can measure percent content in foods and percent absorption; there is no reason we can’t formulate a complex that actually supplements our nutrition needs instead of overdosing on vitamins that vegans are adequate in.
I think we should find a venture capitalist to make one for us. I don’t think it would be hard to find someone in this budding health conscious environment.
– Sarah
Roxxi March 24, 2015 at 12:05 pm # 
Thank you for your wonderful blogs. I’m trying to figure out cyanocobalamin vs. methylcobabalamin. I just learned in my medical nutrition therapy class in college that 10% of people have problems converting unmethylated folate in enriched foods to active methyltetrahydrofolate. So everyone should take methyfolate and methylcobalamin supplements. What do you think about this?
Also what about this article that states methylcobalamin is much better, opposite from what you are saying. and is this website even reliable since I see that they do promote certain supplements. 
Thank you for your thoughts!
Karen May 9, 2015 at 6:01 am # 
I have Vit B-12 deficiency. I’m in need of a Vit B-12, 500 mg, sub-lingual that is safe for someone with Fructose Mal-absorption. I can not have any artificial sweeteners, juices, molasses, honey for sweeteners. No dairy, wheat, gluten, and chicory/inulin. Any suggestions for where I’d find this. I haven’t had any luck so far.
angelica June 13, 2015 at 11:04 pm # 
Just when I thought I had the answer (sublingual methylcobalamin), I run in to your article, Ginny. Is the article here not valid?:
Ginny Messina June 26, 2015 at 5:40 pm # 
Angelica, I don’t think this article mentions methylcobalamin, does it? I think that the recommendation for a daily dose of B12 is too low (the article is several years old), but other than that, the info seems good. The Vegan Society is generally a good source of nutrition information.
Kim June 22, 2015 at 1:53 pm # 
I see some others with kids are having a hard time finding a B12 supplement too. 
My baby is only 14 months old and it’s recommended she only take 10mcg/day of B12. Help! I cannot find any tablet/liquid/spray anywhere close to this low amount and I do not want to give her a mega dose. In fact, I called MyKind organics about their organic B12 spray (500 mcg) and they said they would not recommend giving her this high of a dose. I do not want to rely on fortified processed cereals for her to get this nutrient and currently she is not drinking enough fortified non dairy milks to meet this requirement.
Any suggestions or supplements to recommend? There seems to be a need for a lose-dose kids B12 supplement!
Ginny Messina June 26, 2015 at 5:35 pm # 
Kim, if she is getting vitamin B12 from formula or fortified soymilk and is consuming it several times a day, she doesn’t need that 10 mcg. She would be fine with 2 to 3 servings per day with each providing about 1.5 mcg.
Rebekah June 28, 2015 at 10:41 am # 
I eat a plant-based vegan diet and have been taking trader joe’s b-complex daily supplement (vegan, with b12 as cyanocoblalamin) for about the past seven years. I’ve recently read articles/blogs that indicate I should not do this, especially because there is 400mcgs of folic acid in the tablet. There is also 50mcgs of b12. I looked into the nature’s bounty b12 as recommended above, and the label instructs taking one 2500mcg daily. Is this right? I’m a little confused about the amount. Though I would like to start taking this nature’s bounty tablet, I’m concerned about taking too much… but I do prefer to take a supplement daily. Any advice will be gratefully received!
Ginny Messina June 28, 2015 at 12:45 pm # 
Rebekah, you don’t need that much every day. You could take the Nature’s Bounty supplement a couple of times per week and that should be plenty.
Brett Scriver July 6, 2015 at 5:18 pm # 
I came across the Radiance Platinum brand of B12 (cyanocobalamin) at CVS. They say “vegan” right on the label.
Sarah August 10, 2015 at 4:13 pm # 
I have read taking more than 20mcgs of B-12 is not recommended because it can cause rosacea outbreaks (which I have) and etc. Is that not correct?
Ginny Messina August 22, 2015 at 12:34 pm # 
There are a few case studies suggesting that some people may have skin reactions to vitamin B12. But there isn’t much research on this and I don’t think it’s very common. And almost all B12 supplements have much more than 20 ug.
James September 12, 2015 at 3:02 pm # 
I use DEVA’s vegan daily multivitamin which has 100 mcg of cyano.
Gary Transom October 1, 2015 at 7:35 pm # 
Hi guys.
I have been a vegan (fully) for 10 years now and b12 deficiency has been
a curse and i do not wish to enroll doctors because of the closed way they approach things, twice now i have had to have injections of B12 which will be made from something synthetic, any way just i recently i have put myself thru hell seeing if my body would fix my extreme tiredness by doing that which it needs to do, it would not so i finally secombed and now i have to have a truckload of the stuff to remove the tiredness problem.
As you may know that b12 is not available in the natural or unnatural world, of food, there are only 2 places that we can get b12 and that is from dirt, and inside our gut.
B12 is a waste product of a bacteria.
I am very stubborn when it comes to the ‘system ‘ telling me things and i am very suspect of everything coming at me, i knew in my heart of hearts
that there will be a way to find b12 in the natural, it was right under my nose all the time and i have used this source before for healthy living but not for b12 at the time, now is different so i searched and searched and this is what i found.
HEMP milk, has in one glass 25 percent of our daily intake of b12, it also has 10 amino acids amongst other things.
Check it out you will be amazed.
happy vegan to you
Steve One Cat October 9, 2015 at 1:29 am # 
I looked at Nature Made’s ingredients, and they contain gelatin, which is not vegan.
Laura November 1, 2015 at 9:47 pm # 
I am taking a liquid spray b12 from wholefoods. But what about my kids…what is the dosage for them and where is best to buy for them. I have been giving them the spray as I know you can’t overdose on b12 but it does say not intended for children. I can’t seem to find one for them that is not a multi vitamin. A spray seems to be the way for kids though!
Raviprasad P Rao November 25, 2015 at 3:03 am # 
Hi Ginny,
I am having vitamin B12 deficiency since I am a vegan. I do take eggs.
Symptoms are really scary like short of breath, nervousness, weakness, fatigue tingling of hands, coldness, numbness in the hands, legs etc.
I am taking green leafy vegetables, brocolli, onions, garlic, ginger, cabbage, carrot, beans, soya milk, low fat milk, dark chocolate, parsley, fruits only apple.
I am taking nuerobion 100 mg right now.
In fact, I would like to switch over to mega food vegan B12. how is this product basically, is there any side effects/interactions with other medicines. whether it will boost my vitamin B12 levels. I am taking valis 80 mg BP medication at present. Or do u think, other medication for Vitamin B12 is better than this. Pl let me know your opinion on this.
Kristin December 3, 2015 at 11:23 am # 
The Nature’s Bounty option is 2500 mcg, but the instructions say to take daily. How frequently should it be taken?
Adela January 2, 2016 at 9:54 am # 
I just bumped into your article for which thank you so much as we need someone to scrutinize our vitamins and other nutrients! 
I notice you didn’t list Deva Vitamins. I take their B12 1000 mcg plus, as you probably know, B6 and Folic Acid. And I only now realize it doesn’t contain “cyanocobalamin”, only “methylcobalamin”. 
What do you suggest?
I anticipate my thanks for prompt response. :o)
Margaret January 6, 2016 at 9:03 am # 
I am quite surprised you are recommending cyanocobalamin. It is not as bioavailable as methylcobalamin and so the body needs to convert the cyanocobalamin to the methylcobalamin. in addition, doesn’t the body then need to excrete the remnants of the cyanide after it’s been metabolized? Also no discussion of tablet vs liquid form. Cyanocobalamin may be stable but liquid will always be absorbed more efficiently than tablets. I use Vegan Safe Bioactive B12, which is a blend of methylcobalamin and adenosylcobalamin. it is made by Global Healing Center. I used to use cyanocobalamin to treat my B12 deficiency after being vegetarian for a long time, but after about a year, my hair started falling out. I no longer have this problem.
Ginny Messina January 6, 2016 at 9:58 am # 
Margaret, this article explains why vegan nutrition experts recommend cyanocobalamin.
KJ January 6, 2016 at 11:00 am # 
Your explanation for why cyano is better than methyl is really not impressive. You prefer cyano because there is more research done on it? I have been taking the methyl form for several years (prior to that have regularly used Red Star nutritional yeast, and I am a 45-year vegan. No signs or symptoms of B12 deficiency. Everything I have read leads me to believe the methyl form is superior.
Ginny Messina January 6, 2016 at 1:10 pm # 
Yes, the fact that there is more research on it allows us to make appropriate recommendations to protect vegans against deficiency. Because of the lack of research on methylcobalamin, and the fact that we know it isn’t as stable or reliable, it’s difficult to know how much people actually need to prevent deficiency. Therefore, it is risky to depend on the methyl form of this vitamin supplement. That’s why vegan nutrition experts who have looked at the actual research recommend cyanocobalamin. I’m not surprised, though, that everything you’ve read says otherwise. There is tons of misinformation about this on the internet. And since it can take several years to develop a deficiency of B12, people may not realize that they are not supplementing appropriately.
Black Bean Queen January 7, 2016 at 4:31 pm # 
I am so glad I found your site! This was a very helpful and informative article. I’m not vegan, but I’ve been vegetarian for over 2 years, and I only consume eggs and yogurt on occasion. I know B-12 supplementation is a good idea for vegans and strict vegetarians, so I am thinking about it. I bought a 500 mcg supplement from one of the brands you suggested in this post. Would taking it 3x- 4x/week likely be adequate? Or less frequently, since I sometimes consume eggs or yogurt?