Learn The Basics Of Bitcoin Trading : CFD Guide


Your Favourite Eco Toothbrush: Partly Biodegradable, Partly Not


see an older post about nylon 6 and nylon 4

although designers are doing the very best they can, there is still not a fully degradable bristle apart from the boar-bristle. if there are, can you tell us about it in the comments below?

home_groupthe brush we all know and love and buy by-the-box to give as gifts to our less enviro-aware family members   . . . . .

The Environmental Toothbrush

the honest designer & manufacter (manufactured in china under contract), a dentist from brisbane of “The Environmental Toothbrush” was horrified when he was informed that their bristles were not made from nylon 4 and he let his buyers know that he had been misled.

following is the amended text on his website . . . .

The bristles are made from a BPA FREE polymer resistant to microbial growth during normal use, to ensure safety and durability.  We have tried to find a biodegradable bristle but as of this time there is nothing available – apart from boars hair (don’t want to go there).  No they are not Nylon 4 (as far as we know there are no bristles made from Nylon 4 on the market today).

We have tried to bring you a toothbrush that is better for the environment- over the years we have been misled by our manufactures about our bristles being made of Nylon 4.  We still believe that our toothbrush is a better alternative to a full Plastic toothbrush.

from Beth Terry




from bogobrush website . . .

We believe the world deserves a toothbrush worth caring about. We believe that starts with knowing where it came from, and how it was made. We believe it grows from an attention to aesthetics that will make you smile, and deepens with the beauty of giving back to someone in need. We believe that what is good for the planet, is good for us. We believe in the little toothbrush that could.

What kind of bristles are in a Bogobrush? Are they soft? Bogobrushes use the highest quality Tynex Nylon bristles from Dupont.  They are a “soft” bristle, and are polished with ceramic by our bristling manufacturer for an extra smooth feel.

How long will it take to break down, (i.e. degrade)?

It depends.  Maybe a few months, maybe a few years.  With any compostable material, the time of degradation depends on the health of the compost pile – humidity, temperature, and bio-diversity, (bugs, microbes, plants, etc. –  as well as the size and surface area of the product).
What will it degrade into?

Bogobrush bio-composite handles will degrade into carbon dioxide, water, and humus, (a soil nutrient).


Hi Marion,
Thank you for reaching out to us.  This is a great question.  Several years ago, we learned from our U.S. manufacturing partners that Nylon 4 was not actually a viable bristle option, despite what Chinese manufacturing told us.  This was before we started actual production, so we pulled all language of the sort from our marketing materials.  There is likely some lingering information out on the internet from our pre-order launch in 2012, but we certainly no longer claim that material for our brush.  While we wish there were other bristle options, we feel good about our decision to provide high quality bristles to our customers.  Some day, we hope demand for eco-bristles will help spur viable options.
You can go to our website shop page and scroll to FAQ section to learn more about our bristles and how we recommend composting our biodegradable brush.
Please let us know if you have further questions.  We will be happy to help!
Heather McDougall

302438_471113779573595_1091126901_n-240x231Brush With Bamboo


from Beth Terry at Life Without Plastic


Total Clean Eco Toothbrush

Features of the Animal Lovers Total Clean Eco Toothbrush
Animal Lovers Total Clean Eco Toothbrush

  • Designed in conjunction with dental advice.
  • Easy-grip ergonomic bamboo biodegradable handle has natural flexibility, absorbing brushing pressure and reducing gum irritation.
  • Zig zag bristles with rounded tips for gentle cleaning in-between teeth and along the delicate gum line.
  • 30mm tapered head is smaller than regular over-sized toothbrush heads for easy access to those hard-to-reach places.
  • Heat treatment carbonizes the bamboo surface for water resistance and prevention of microbe growth (bacteria and moulds) during normal use.
  • Attractive, individual packaging made from recycled card makes the toothbrushes a great gift or Christmas stocking stuffer.









  • Made with LOVE and recycled yogurt cups
  • Handle created with 100% recycled #5 plastic; bristles are new nylon
  • Easy-to-grip curved handle
  • Tiered bristles for gentle, thorough cleaning
  • Includes reusable travel case
  • Be sure to learn about our toothbrush recycling program listed below


on a completely different subject ….   homemade laundry cleaner




The Original Wooden Pin Brushes


click image for source

A well-known hair stylist in Milan who worked with models developed the WIDU® concept. He was concerned that the constant washing of hair and heat from the photographic lights dried the scalp. As he felt that boar bristle and nylon bristle brushes had the tendency to both scratch the scalp and tear the hair, so he developed the wooden bristles.

3The brushes are handmade in Italy by adult native artisans that have perfected their skills over the last thirty years. No child labor is utilized. Our products are of impeccable old world quality and long lasting value unlike many of our imitators.

After an extensive study and research the hard white wood of the hornbeam tree was chosen for the bristles. Horn beam is in the birch family and has a strong resistance to breakage and maintains its exceptional smooth qualities.

1432393332The WIDU® Wooden Bristle brush is all-natural. Neither animal by-products nor synthetic materials are used in its manufacture. It is an animal and cruelty-free product. We have discovered that:

1. Wooden bristles gently massage the scalp and move natural oils through the hair. The brushes aid in scalp massage, blood circulation, excess sebum absorption and the removal hair impurities.

2. Massaging the scalp helps promote hair growth and stimulate acupressure points.

3. The combination of wood and natural antistatic rubber helps to prevent flyaway hair.

4. When exposed to a blow dryer, the brush stays cool because wood and rubber do not conduct heat. When hair is wet the wooden bristles glide easily through the tangles.

5. The brushes and combs are naturally hypoallergenic. The comb’s wooden teeth are turned and well finished so they do not tear at the hair. The majority of our brushes and combs are only finished with a protective coating of beeswax or purified linseed oil.

6. Only wood suppliers who agree to a policy of Forest Stewardship Council sustainable forestation are utilized. This also applies to the African wood suppliers.

Non-nylon alternatives to Boar Bristle


i have not yet found an alternative for TOOTH brushes. apart from not using a TOOTHBRUSH ever again instead i used my newly discovered ECO VEGAN toothstick.

i have used boar-bristle hairbrushes all my life.  i have used boar-bristle toothbrushes for about 29 years.  as a animal friender, for the last 3 years, i have been searching for evidence of  humanely-harvested boar bristle.  now that i am of the mind that even humanely-harvested hog bristle comes from animals who are still exploited because it is a commercial operation.  if i had a pet pig, and i gave it a scratch and an occasional haircut, i know that my pig would feel happy to be of service to my need for brushes. i do not have a pet pig.  i have at last found my alternatives – a stick for teeth and bamboo brush for hair.

NYLON has been a NO GO  for me, for a couple of decades or so:

  • nylon bristles ALWAYS scratch teeth enamel, and damage the hair, no exceptions.
  • nylon is made from petroleum

i have found some alternatives to nylon and commercially shaved or killed & shaved boar/badger etc :


  • sisal
  • jute
  • tampico/agave/cactus


  • wood
  • bamboo
  • ceramic?







body    –  http://www.bernardjensen.com/SKIN-BRUSH–NATURAL-TAMPICO-BRISTLES-WLONG-HANDLE_p_47.html

TAMPICO/agave/cactus BRISTLE: Tampico looks really stiff and scratchy for the body, is it?

hair  –    http://www.care2.com/greenliving/hairbrushes-easy-greening.html

body  –   http://www.biome.com.au/body-brushing/1519-natural-body-brush-tampico-plant-long-handle-for-body-brushing.html


hair: comb  – https://www.widu.com/category/13./Wooden-Combs.html

hair: brush  –  https://www.widu.com/

hair  –  i have not yet checked the following links – if you have tried one of the following brushes, feel free to write a comment





hair  –  http://www.thebodyshop.com.au/haircare/brushes/hair-brush-with-bamboo-pins-large.aspx#.Vwkyn3CSRok


hair  –  https://translate.google.com.au/translate?sl=auto&tl=en&js=y&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.tek-italy.it%2F&edit-text=

hair – https://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?depth=1&hl=en&ie=UTF8&prev=_t&rurl=translate.google.com.au&sl=auto&tl=en&u=https://www.facebook.com/Tekitaly&usg=ALkJrhiC_h4cHJvAiGFULo8L949TiE-89Q

buy a handcarved woodpick



The Lumberjack (David Prince or Charlene Reichert) is camped out in the Gallery. The Lumberjack whittles toothpicks and is happy to engage in conversation. Toothpicks are for sale! They are available directly from The Lumberjack in the gallery or online at  http://www.davidprince.org/shoppe/.


Vit B 12


i naturally want tPhoto on 2016-01-13 at 12.03 #3o ensure that i have enough Vit B 12.  i have found current wriitngs on the types of *SUBLINGUAL  B12 available. below are some of the articles i have read to help me decide.

But first, a review of the book “Could It Be B12? An Epidemic Of Misdiagnosis”

Written for both the patient and the interested layperson, this detailed book outlines how physicians frequently misdiagnose B12 deficiency as Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis, heart disease, mental retardation, Parkinson’s disease, depression, or other mental illnesses.

*sublingual:    Latin for “under the tongue”, refers to the pharmacological route of administration by which drugs diffuse into the blood through tissues under the tongue.

source :   http://www.amazon.com/Could-It-Be-B12-An-Epidemic-of-Misdiagnoses/dp/1884995691/ref=cm_cr_asin_lnk?ie=UTF8

51zCebgaiBL._SX331_BO1,204,203,200_I am a Chiropractor who has been practicing in the out islands of the Bahamas for 10 years, and prior to that I had a 30 year practice in the Hamptons on Long Island, NY. I am also author of the book “Chiropractic The Superior Alternative.” Chiropractic: The Superior Alternative

“Could It Be B12? An Epidemic Of Misdiagnosis” is the most important book I have read in decades. In it the authors, Sally Pacholok R.N. and her physician husband Jeffrey Stuart D.O., clearly, concisely and convincingly call our attention to a condition that exists in epidemic numbers.

The authors shine the light of day on the fact that deficiency of vitamin B12, a vital nutrient, is much more common than most doctors ever realized. They show that the current standard for what constitutes a normal level of vit.B12 on a blood test is in fact woefully inadequate, and a fraction of the amount necessary to support optimal health and prevent a whole array of conditions directly attributable to B12 deficiency. Pacholok is on a mission to call attention to this often unrecognized deficiency and to raise the bar of what constitutes a healthy level of B12 when measured by blood test.

Pacholok gives scientific proof and compelling statistical evidence that B12 deficiency is responsible for, or a contributor to a whole host of neurological conditions, as well a psychiatric disorders. This list includes Alzheimer’s, and senile dementia as well as Multiple Sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease. It also is a possible cause in cases of infant and juvenile failure of normal neuro-musculoskeltal and arrested intellectual development. This book is rich in case histories of real people whose doctors failed to make what should have been an easy diagnosis of B12 deficiency, but instead of running a simple, inexpensive blood test, opted for other expensive tests, often including costly CAT scans. They instead came up with more exotic and dire diagnoses and treatments.
Pacholok shows us that a high percentage of falls and fractures by senior citizens are caused by B12 deficiency. That some of the most commonly prescribed drugs like Nexium and Prilosec as well as oral diabetic medications to name only a few contribute to B12 deficiency. Popular gastric bypass surgeries virtually guarantee that the recipient will develop a B12 deficiency.

This book is a “must read” for all doctors. It is extremely relevant to Chiropractors, like me who see many patients with a variety neck and back pain and neuropathies especially of the lower extremities, and others who consult us for injuries sustained in falls, some of which are possibly caused byB12 deficiency. Chiropractors, need to be acutely aware that it causes spinal cord degeneration, and must entertain the possibility of this deficiency especially in cases that are unresponsive to their care. We must not fall into the trap of writing off neuropathies we see in diabetics as, simply, diabetic neuropathy or old age if the patient is elderly. Doing so, we may miss the window of opportunity to help save a life, or improve the quality of a life. There are many cases of missed diagnosis which, if they had been caught in the early stages, before permanent neurological damage had been done, could have, saved lives or prevented permanent disability.

The bottom line is that Vitamin B12 deficiency is much more common than most of us have realized. That recognizing it, diagnosing it and treating it is easy and inexpensive. Doing so, any doctor willing to open his/her eyes can contribute to saving lives as well as restoring and preserving quality of life for millions of people while saving billions of dollars in health care costs and personal finances. The early recognition of B12 deficiency can help the twilight years be enjoyable and rewarding as opposed to the exercise in endurance it becomes for too many. That constitutes a win/win in my book.

Jodi Bassett, Health, Healing & Hummingbirds

SOL-01951-3Source:   http://www.amazon.com/Solgar-Methylcobalamin-Vitamin-Nuggets-Count/product-reviews/B001LR047U

went and bought 6 different brands of methylcobalamin recently so I could see which one I liked best and keep buying that one.

This Solgar product was easily the winner and I’ve bought tons more of it already. I preferred it to Jarrow, Country Life, Source Naturals, Enzymatic Therapy and Bluebonnet – although the Bluebonnet one was the runner up and also very good. The Bluebonnet one tastes the best.

Solgar methyl B12 by far has the smallest tablet size. It’s about twice as large as the 1000 mcg version Solgar does, but still very small and roundish, and fits under the tongue comfortably. All the other tablets are not rounded, or this small and some even have quite sharp edges (especially Jarrow!). It’s even comfortable and easy to do two of these at a time, one on each side under the tongue. You can just put them there and forget about them. Smaller size means taking in less fillers too which is good if you’re having quite a few of these each day. They also last a good half an hour or so which is important if you want to get good absorption through the mouth and not just swallow it all and defeat the purpose of a sublingual.

It’s also gluten free and tastes okay, sort of a bit like those pink musk lollies. I don’t love the taste but it’s mild and much nicer than some. The taste to me is neutral. Solgar and Bluebonnet sublinguals don’t have that very dry texture mid-use which can be irritating in the mouth. They work well too!

It is just not true as some claim that oral B12 products as absorbed as well as sublinguals. They are not, although the best absorption comes of course B12 given IV or injected IM or subcutaneously. There is also liposomal B12.

Everyone needs one of these 5 mg sublinguals daily at least, or as much as is tolerated and feels good. B12 over 1 mg needs to be accompanied by at least 1 mg of activated folate too (avoid all synthetic folate!) plus a good B complex.

If you have any diseases affecting the kidneys or bladder, any neurological disease, mental illness, balance issues, numbness or tingling or shooting or buring pains in your rams or legs or hands or feet it’s a really good idea to get checked out for B12 deficiency. It is a lot more common than you may think and being a meat eater doesn’t guarantee you wont have low levels as these can be caused by gut issues such as low stomach acid and many other things. The wonderful book Could It Be B12?: An Epidemic of Misdiagnoses explains everything you need to know.

Methylcobalamin is a coenzyme form of vitamin B12 and is essential for cell growth and replication. It is more concentrated than other forms of B12 in the cerebral spinal fluid where it can be used by the central nervous system. It donates methyl groups to the myelin sheath that insulates certain nerve fibers. It also plays a role in maintaining a healthy sleep/wake cycle, as well as normal nerve function.

The recommended dosage is often 1 – 5 mg taken sublingually daily – even for healthy people. The dosage used to treat neurological diseases, B12 deficiency and MTHFR/methylation issues etc. is often 5 – 20 mg plus taken sublingually daily, depending on the patient’s response.

I think more companies should copy the shape of this sublingual, and the smaller size. It’s so much nicer and easier to take. Some of the bigger ones can really irritate your mouth and just don’t fit in the mouth comfortably. This is a great product and methyl B12 and B12 generally is just so so important! 5 stars.

Jodi Bassett, Health, Healing & Hummingbirds

source …   http://www.theveganrd.com/2015/02/finding-the-best-vegan-vitamin-b12-supplement/

As you might imagine, I get into a lot of discussions about vitamin B12 on facebook and twitter, and also via email. Vegans have many good questions about this nutrient. And sometimes some not-so-good opinions about it.
This past year I found myself chatting with the editor of a vegan publication who insisted that my perspective on B12 supplements was outdated. She was convinced that supplements were unnecessary and knew this because of what she had learned on a holistic health cruise.
Okay, well I’ve never been on a holistic health cruise. And I have no doubt that some are better than others. It’s just that, when it comes to vacations, I lean more toward Yellowstone National Park or maybe poking around antique stores along the Maine coast. Whether or not those are the better choices, at least they aren’t sources of dangerous nutrition misinformation. And the idea that vegans don’t need to supplement with vitamin B12 is just that.
I don’t claim to know everything in the world about optimal nutrition for vegans. Nobody does. But based on the available evidence, I do know that—right now—the only responsible advice is for vegans to supplement with this nutrient. Current recommendations are for vegans to supplement with cyanocobalamin in one of the following three ways:
2.5 mcg two times per day
25-100 mcg daily
1,000 mcg two times per week
When I share this information on social media and elsewhere, people often want to know what brand of supplement I take and what brands I suggest. I’m currently taking a Safeway brand of vitamin B12 providing 1,000 mcg. I take it twice per week. It’s cheap and readily available. But when I started to dig around on the internet to find a few other brands to recommend, it turned out to be much more difficult than I expected.
I was looking for supplements that are vegan (which means no animal-derived fillers; the B12 itself is always vegan) and that provided cyanocobalamin. I also wanted one that doesn’t provide other nutrients.
Of the vegan supplements I found, most contained methylcobalamin, not cyano. And a few that contained cyanocobalamin provided a hefty dose of folic acid which may or may not be a problem.
Although there is some evidence that folic acid supplements could raise risk for cancer, the studies on this are conflicting. Still, it makes sense for vegans to err on the side of caution where these supplements are concerned. Our diets can provide plenty of folate (the natural form of the vitamin) and so we shouldn’t need to supplement with it. (The exceptions are pregnant women and women trying to get pregnant; they should take folic acid supplements.)
Many of the cyanocobalamin supplements seemed to be vegan, but it wasn’t always entirely clear that this was so. Almost all included stearate or magnesium stearate, ingredients that may or may not be vegan. Some brands, like mine from Safeway, specify “vegetable magnesium stearate,” but most simply don’t say.
Many readers of this blog are not concerned about these minute filler ingredients in which case any of the supplements below should be fine. But I’m providing the information about these ingredients for those who prefer to know.
With all of that in mind, here is a list of vitamin B12 supplements that provide cyanocobalamin with no additional nutrients.
These three brands appear to be vegan:
Spring Valley
Nature’s Bounty
Safeway Brand

These brands contain either stearate or magnesium stearate of undisclosed origin:
Nature Made
Twin Labs B12 dots
Source Naturals

If you know of other supplements to add to these lists, please share them below in the comments.

Supplements, vitamin B12
← Why Do Some People Fail at Being Vegan?
The Vegan Feminist Agitator interviews The Vegan RD! →

131 Responses to Finding the Best Vegan Vitamin B12 Supplement
Priscilla February 6, 2015 at 11:51 am # 
I use Sundown Naturals sublingual B Complex (liquid drops). The bottle states it is a “vegetarian formula”. It provides 1200 mcg B-12 (as Cyanocobalamin). I buy it on Amazon but I have also seen it in some Food Lion stores.
Ginny Messina February 6, 2015 at 12:21 pm # 
Okay, I’ll look into this one. It sounds like the one you are taking provides a number of different B vitamins–is that right? But it looks like they have a line that includes several different B12 options.
Priscilla February 6, 2015 at 1:19 pm # 
The Sundown Naturals B-complex with B-12 has (per 1 mL serving):
–Vitamin B-2 (as riboflavin 5′-sodium phosphate): 1.7 mg
–Niacin (as Niacinamide): 20 mg
–Vitamin B-6 (as Pyridoxine Hydrochloride): 2 mg
–Vitamin B-12 (as Cyanocobalamin): 1200 mcg
–Pantothenic Acid (as Dexpanthenol): 30 mg
Andrea March 6, 2015 at 5:48 am # 
Hello i have found sundown B-Complex in tablets, it has 6mcg, according to the dosage should i split the tablets I can take 3mcg twice a day?
Or should I go 5 tablets once a day so i take 30mcg daily? I’m confused!
Samantha August 20, 2015 at 4:35 pm # 
I’ve read that methylcobalamin b12 supplements are better for you than cyanocobalamin b 12 supplements. What is your opinion on the matter?
Ginny Messina August 22, 2015 at 12:26 pm # 
Samantha, this article explains why I recommend cyanocobalamin. http://www.theveganrd.com/vegan-nutrition-primers/vitamin-b12-a-vegan-nutrition-primer
Michelle September 7, 2015 at 6:47 am # 
The B12 I want to take contains folic acid and vitamin B6 along with the B12. 
“Megafoods B12″ is the supplement. What are your thoughts on the safety of taking synthetic folate (folic acid) as well as synthetic B6? Some science has claimed the folic acid supplements are harmful, and causative of disease. Thanks for any thoughts on this.
Jim February 6, 2015 at 12:11 pm # 
What lead you to choose cyanocobalamin vs methylcobalamin? Doesn’t ingesting cyanocobalamin introduce cyanide into your body?
Ginny Messina February 6, 2015 at 12:20 pm # 
There is evidence that the methyl version may be less stable so that huge doses are required. And it just hasn’t been studied as well as cyanocobalamin. The cyano form does provide some cyanide but it’s a very tiny amount.
Cristina February 9, 2015 at 2:38 pm # 
I’m curious! Can you provide the peer reviewed study? I have studied bioinorganic chemistry, and from what I understand B12’s purpose is to transfer methyl groups, so buy ingesting the form without the cyanide group, I’d think it’d be more efficient?
Axel Lieber February 9, 2015 at 5:43 pm # 
Cristina, cyanocobalamin is usually preferred because it’s not susceptible to oxidation. The literature generally states that it is readily converted so really no point in fussing about it. Here is a link for you. I don’t have access to this so I don’t know what it says. If you do have access I would greatly appreciate if you could report back here what it says. 
Cara February 26, 2015 at 8:55 am # 
I don’t have access to the original paper, but I found a PDF that reports the results from that paper. http://www.michaelmooney.net/images/VitaminB12Comparisons.pdf
Apparently the authors found that cyano and methyl B12 have similar absorption in humans at doses of 1 to 25 mcg, and the % absorption drops off as the dose increases. (Note that B12 supplements can be as high as 5000 mcg!)
Angie June 26, 2015 at 4:07 pm # 
just watched this video by a doctor who has researched B12 ,which totally contradicts your claim about cyanocobalamin, in fact says it is simply the cheapest to manufacture, is very bad for us and should be totally avoided 
Ginny Messina June 26, 2015 at 5:25 pm # 
He also believes in detox diets. I wouldn’t take his opinions too seriously. And I wouldn’t look to chiropractors for advice on nutrition.
Aaron February 6, 2015 at 12:32 pm # 
I use Whole Foods brand Vitamin B12. It’s 500mcg as cyanocobalamin (no folate or other micronutrients).
Bobbi February 7, 2015 at 3:09 pm # 
I use Whole Foods brand also.
David Sonenb February 10, 2015 at 4:10 pm # 
Whole foods brand has stearate.
Casey February 6, 2015 at 1:21 pm # 
I use the target brand one right now.
Melissa February 6, 2015 at 2:26 pm # 
Alicia Silverstone has partnered with Garden of Life to produce a line of vegan supplements. Among them is a spray b-12. I thought you might like to know :-)
Ginny Messina February 7, 2015 at 10:30 am # 
I had looked at these, and they all seem to be methylcobalamin.
Alison February 6, 2015 at 7:22 pm # 
I’m in Australia, and we have a brand called Nature’s Own, which do a few different B12-alone formulations at different strengths (1000, 250), all cyanocobalamin and with no added ‘yeast, gluten, lactose, sugar, artificial colours or flavours, artificial sweeteners or preservatives, dairy products or animal derived products’ (quoting the label)
Renée February 9, 2015 at 8:51 pm # 
I also take Nature’s Own, blend it into our homemade milk, equivalent to what’s in commercial fortified milk. I emailed the Nature’s Own a while back to be pedantic, they said it’s suitable for vegans. Seems to be in most Australian supermarkets and chemists.
I did the Cornell/T Colin Campbell Foundation plant-based nutrition course – a staff member recommended Jarrow methyl supplements (sublingual/chewable) if people were concerned about B12 (pregnancy, long-term vegan, other reason to suspect low levels), otherwise take no supplements (possibly this is what is recommended on “holistic health” cruises as well?). I’ve been taking both supplements recently… Food and yeast is generally fortified with cyano, yes? So I’m taking in that as well… I’m debating whether to ditch the methyl due to higher cost/lesser shelf life… or whether to ditch the cyano and eat more nutritional yeast/fortified snacks… although the tasty methyls are popular with my kids… Will probably just keep doing what I’m doing… assuming that’s not too much… B-12 is water-soluble so it’s ok to get a bit extra, yes? Especially since methyl could be less reliable… Haven’t got my latest blood tests back yet…
Andrea February 7, 2015 at 3:31 am # 
I use Kind Organics B12, which is also fortified with some omegas. http://www.gardenoflife.com/Products-for-Life/mykind-Organics/Organic-B-12-Spray.aspx
Ginny Messina February 7, 2015 at 10:30 am # 
Thanks for this info–this is methylcobalamin, though, not cyano.
Denise February 7, 2015 at 4:07 am # 
Pharmassure B-12 says vegetarian on the bottle. It has 500 mcg of cyano.
Erin February 7, 2015 at 5:05 am # 
Hmmmm… “Vegan for Life” (Chapt 3, “Vitamin B12: The Gorilla in the Room”, section “Meeting Vitamin B12 Needs” – location 750 in the Kindle version) says I need to take 1,000 mcg of B12 three times per week as a regular supplementation dose. I’m confused… is the 1000 mcg 2x/week in this post an updated recommendation…? Or was 3x/week a typo…?
Ginny Messina February 7, 2015 at 10:32 am # 
I think the Vegan for Life rec was a typo or just a mistake since Jack and I both recommend 2x per week. But really, 2-3 times per week is reasonable.
Jaya February 7, 2015 at 8:06 am # 
I use Deva which I buy on Amazon or Veganessentials.com. It’s methyl though.
Matt February 7, 2015 at 8:11 am # 
Wait — cruises aren’t the ultimate source of scientific knowledge???
Eve-Marie Williams February 7, 2015 at 8:24 am # 
I am taking Dr. Fuhrman’s daily multivitamin for women, which includes 40mcg B12 as methylcobalamin. I am not taking any additional B12 supplement. Now I am confused because I trusted Dr. Fuhrman to provide everything I needed in his multi, and to provide a product that stays on top of the most current research – do you think I need to switch to cyanocobalamin?
Ginny Messina February 7, 2015 at 10:34 am # 
I think you need to switch to either cyanocobalamin or take a much bigger dose of methyl–probably around 1,000 per day, although it’s not really known how much is enough.
Annemarie February 7, 2015 at 8:30 am # 
Favourite is LifeGive B-12 Forte from the Hippocrates Health Institute. If you’ve ever heard Brian Clement speak you know how strongly he recommends B12 for everyone not just vegans. My second preference is Garden of Life Vitamin Code Raw B-12.
David February 7, 2015 at 8:37 am # 
I also use Whole Foods brand vitamin B12 500 mcg in a sublingual/chewable tablet with 100 tablets per bottle at ~$6-7 a bottle (have to get chewable since my partner can’t swallow pills very well). It does have magnesium stearate but the bottle indicates the supplement is vegetarian.
Natasha Sankovitch February 7, 2015 at 9:32 am # 
I’ve been reading about the difference between cyanocobalamin B12 and the methylcobalamin B12, and I choose methylcobalamin, I used Kirkland’s B12 (Costco’s brand).
Barb February 9, 2015 at 10:12 pm # 
Me Too!
Amy February 7, 2015 at 9:44 am # 
This blog is excellent – reasoned, practical and extremely well written. Though I am not yet vegan, I am working toward that, and I am so glad I have this information as a reference.
My concern about any supplements was given a bit of credence by this recent article in the New York Times about herbal supplements that were not to be trusted. I always wonder about the supplements I take, such as vitamin D, and hope the companies are honest ones.
Ginny Messina February 7, 2015 at 10:37 am # 
Yes, I’m concerned about that, too. I think it’s less likely to be a problem with something like B12 than with herbal extracts, but it’s true that it’s hard to know what you’re getting with supplements. One thing you can do is look for those that carry a USP logo on them which shows that they have been verified to contain what they say they contain.
Richard February 7, 2015 at 9:44 am # 
I’m a little hesitant to go with Spring Valley (Walmart’s brand) after the recent scandal involving Walmart, Target, Walgreens, etc., allegedly selling fraudulent supplements: http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/02/03/new-york-attorney-general-targets-supplements-at-major-retailers/?_r=0
Right now I take a Nature Made 1,000 mcg tablet every day. I know that’s more than the recommendation states, but I do it in the hopes of mitigating my chronic fatigue syndrome, even if only by a little bit. (I know that the Nature Made line may not be vegan; I just can’t afford to go with all-vegan supplements right now. My actual diet is vegan.)
Is it true that you shouldn’t take B12 in tablet form if it’s not chewable or dissolvable? I’ve heard some people say that, while others say that you’re okay so long as your tablet contains cyanocobalamin in the amounts you list in this blog post.
Ginny Messina February 7, 2015 at 10:40 am # 
I’m less concerned about their nutrient supplements than the herbal ones, but I agree that it’s a legitimate concern. I don’t think your supplement absolutely has to be chewable or dissolvable, but it could help you absorb the nutrients in the pill. In your case, it makes sense to choose one that you can chew (or that dissolves).
alejandra February 7, 2015 at 10:36 am # 
what about intramuscuar? which is the dose??
Ginny Messina February 9, 2015 at 12:20 pm # 
Alejandra, I don’t know what the dose is for intramuscular injections. It depends to some degree on the situation and is actually a medical issue rather than a nutritional one. So your doctor would know more about this.
Dan February 7, 2015 at 11:19 am # 
Thanks for this article, it’s very timely for me as I just picked up a B12 supplement again the other day, after being without for quite a few months. 
I picked up a brand from Bellingham Community Co-op which seems to be their own brand. I was a little confused by the options in store, so I’m pleased to see this one meets all your recommendations!
This one has 1,000mcg cyanocobalamin, and lists the magnesium stearate as being from vegetable source. In fact it even specifically labels the bottle as being suitable for vegans.
I had been curious about the dosing, as the dosage recommendations on the bottle are one a day, which seemed excessive for 1,000mcg. Having read this post my bottle will now last >3 times as long!
Gary Safron February 7, 2015 at 11:42 am # 
i take NOW 1000 B 12 mcg supplements. NOW is a local Chicago company with extremely high quality control standards and have been in business 40 years. They recommend to take 1x per day but I only take twice a week. It says. Vegan on the bottle. 
The cost is very reasonable as 250 lozenges cost $11.00.
Ginny Messina February 9, 2015 at 12:22 pm # 
Gary, I did check out NOW supplements because I know this is a good vegan brand. But I couldn’t find anything that met my criteria. The one with cyanocobalmin also had folic acid. And the other was methylcobalamin. Did you find something different from this?
george jacobs February 7, 2015 at 11:58 am # 
Here’s a list of B12 with cyano: http://www.iherb.com/Vitamin-B12-Cyanocobalamin
Lani February 7, 2015 at 12:14 pm # 
I was told that you could take 2500 mg sl once a week. I have been doing that for awhile now and blood levels have been ok. Is this not appropriate? What if blood levels go higher than norm? Is that a problem?
Ginny Messina February 9, 2015 at 12:30 pm # 
No, it’s not really a problem if blood levels go higher than normal–although it can be a sign that you can back off a little bit on supplements. It sounds like what you’re doing is working for you!
Raisa Jari February 7, 2015 at 12:31 pm # 
I have been going by your Becoming Vegan book and use B12 fortified nutritional yeast every day (2 T in the morning). I also drink a couple of cups of fortified soy milk in the evening. Is this not enough? Should I be switching?
Ginny Messina February 9, 2015 at 12:31 pm # 
Raisa, what you are doing is actually the same as my first recommendation–to consume 2 doses of B12 per day providing 2.5 mcg per dose. So I think what you are doing is fine.
Steph February 7, 2015 at 12:50 pm # 
Question regarding children, ages 9 and 10:
Because I can’t find a very low mcg B12 for the recommended daily dose, I’ve been giving my sons 750 mcg of cyanocobalamin (Whole Foods brand) twice a week. I am wondering, is there no concern about cyanide for children at these doses? 
I can split the 500 mcg tablets into fourths with a pill cutter and just give it to them every day, but that would be 125 mcg, above the recommended daily dose, which is 20-75 for their age group, according to Jack Norris…I don’t think I can split them smaller than that. Would that be better? 700 mcg per week vs. 1500, but more per day than recommended.
Just to complicate things, the newly vegan son eats some B12 fortified foods, and the younger, who is not a vegan, eats a hamburger a week, though no other amimal foods (picky eater).
Thank you for any insight. Sorry for the novel.
Stephanie February 9, 2015 at 7:41 am # 
On thought, I’m going with the split pills, daily dose.
I wish someone would make a plain, chewable B12 at lower doses!
Thank you for the great blog and books!
Ginny Messina February 9, 2015 at 12:33 pm # 
I think what you’re doing right now is fine. You are on target with the dose, and it’s an amount that is providing only the tiniest amounts of cyanide. And even with a few servings per week of fortified foods or animal foods, I’d stick with your current approach.
Steph February 9, 2015 at 12:40 pm # 
Thank you!
Radha Sahar February 7, 2015 at 1:05 pm # 
Thank you for your wonderful service through this blog, Ginny. I really appreciate your knowledge and generosity to share it.
We are vegan, supplement each day, and get a free blood test each 6 months to monitor our B12 levels, which seem to be OK. But a friend, who is on a mainstream, diet including meat (and too much alcohol), is regularly deficient in B12 despite his blood level reading normal!!!(according to his doctor, who prescribes intravenous shots every so often to keep him on track … is that the alcohol?) Rather puzzling! To add to my confusion, naturopaths here in New Zealand claim that methyl is better absorbed by the body. One friend had been taking cyno for years, was suffering from extreme exhaustion and was alarmed to be diagnosed with pernicious anemia. She switched to methyl and has regained a good level. Could it be that people vary as to what type of B12 they absorb? If so, the issue is not so clear. And if blood levels can also be counted on only to some extent, it is extremely confusing! The natural questions to then ask, are (1) what is the safe B12 dosage limit? – (so we can take a bit more, or some of each form, to ‘cover’ us if we are tired etc), and (2) to what extent does B12 need it’s other B vitamin components in order to be well absorbed? And if we need more of the B vit group, what components are most important, and safe to supplement with? I don’t like taking supplements of any kind, and only take B12, an occasional Vegan DHA/EPA, and some Vit D towards the end of winter. I tell all people interested in vegan diet that they must take B12 – and give them a link to your blog of course!
Ginny Messina February 9, 2015 at 12:39 pm # 
Yes, alcohol can definitely affect B12 levels. I don’t know why your friend would do better with the methylcobalamin than cyano, though. There are all kinds of possibilities, including different dosages or even the quality of the supplements. 
As for the highest amount to take, there is no good info on that and excess B12 is generally excreted from the body. But I wouldn’t go crazy with it and would try just a little bit above my recommendations if you feel that you need it.
Radha Sahar February 9, 2015 at 1:25 pm # 
Thank you Ginny. Good advice. I might alternate the methyl (Source Naturals 1 mg daily), with cyno for a change. Your advice on cyno is new to me, and I know this is the standard form prescribed by doctors. It is only naturopaths who are currently recommending methyl. Considering most of them here recommend people eat plenty of raw cows milk, butter, coconut oil, and avoid all soy, as if it were poison, and grains are also ‘bad’ I’ve serious reservations about where they’re coming from. Their ‘methyl’ might be yet another ‘health-fashion trend’. I feel healthy, am monitoring well, and my levels are ‘good’, but I would like to learn more as to why cyno is better, as this is of crucial importance to vegans, as you say! – any links? Thanks again, Radha
Miriam February 7, 2015 at 1:18 pm # 
I use Solgar, 1000 micrograms, cyanocobalamin
Thanks for your excellent blog
Brandon Becker February 7, 2015 at 3:08 pm # 
Nature Made told me via email in 2012 that their B12 in tablet form contains no animal-derived ingredients. So unless something has changed in the formula since then, it should still be vegan.
I currently take Solgar’s B12 1000 mcg nuggets 1-2 times per week:
They are vegan, taste good, come in a glass bottle, and aren’t expensive.
compostbrain February 7, 2015 at 3:10 pm # 
I have been a vegan since 1992 and have never taken a b12 supplement. I recently had my b12 tested and it was normal. I believe this may be because I regularly ingest nutritional yeast. What is your view on this as an alternative to b12 supplementation?
Ginny Messina February 9, 2015 at 12:40 pm # 
If it’s nutritional yeast that is grown on a B12-rich medium, then I think it’s a good way to get B12.
rk1967 February 9, 2015 at 1:42 pm # 
Hi, many people say their b12 level is normal, but never post the results. I have seen the normal range listed from 250-900. I was tested at 700-900 during my recent tests. Just curious what others consider normal. Thanks
risa m. mandell February 7, 2015 at 3:45 pm # 
thanks for your article re B12! i use MegaFood Balanced B Complex (megafood.com); it’s label shows, Certified Vegan vegan.org. the Supplement Facts show Vitamin B12, 25mg S. cerevisiae 125mcg and if i’m understanding correctly, that’s 2083% of the Daily Value. i take 1/2 tablet 2-3x/wk.
Melody February 8, 2015 at 9:31 am # 
I’ve been taking NOW B12 (cyanocobalamin) 1000 mcg twice a week for quite some time. I’ve been vegan for many years. I was recently diagnosed with B12 deficiency in spite of this. My B12 level was normal, but I had an elevated methylmalonic acid. I’ve had no symptoms of B12 deficiency. I was told by MD to increase to 1000 mcg daily and will be re-tested after 6 months.
edo February 9, 2015 at 4:33 am # 
I some time back read the Vegan Health text ( http://www.veganhealth.org/b12/noncyanob12 ) on different forms of B12 and have since then hedged my bets. I take 1,000 mcg cyano twice a week and 1,000 mcg methylcobalamin once a week. But that text also mentions a third form adenosylcobalamin, which I’ve never seen in listed in a product. Do you have any comment on that third form of B12 Ginny?
L C February 9, 2015 at 1:48 pm # 
I’ve been trying to find a brand that is effective and safe for my 2-year-old daughter. I would prefer not to give her a multi-vitamin chewable, but all the b12 sprays (which are mostly methyl anyway) I can find say “not intended for children” on them. As a nutritionist, Ginny, what is your take? 
My daughter currently drinks enough fortified soy milk every day to be ingesting about 100% of the adult intake recommendation, but I am hoping to decrease her intake of that soon (it’s got more added sugar than I’d like). The two nutrients it provides that I can’t seem to find good replacements for are b12 and iodine. She already takes a chewable D supplement, and other than that her diet should be giving her what she needs. Your advice would be so much appreciated!
Andy February 9, 2015 at 1:51 pm # 
Hi Ginny
Thanks for this information. I’m taking 1 a day of Veganicity 100 B12 Cyan. It states vegan on the label…
Lois February 9, 2015 at 1:53 pm # 
Ginny, all my vegan vitamins and supplements are from Deva (on Amazon). Just confirmed the B12 is methyl with 400 mg folic acid. I take one every 3 days. Am also getting another 400 mg folic in their daily multi. Is that too much and do I need to switch to a cyano B12?
Jada February 9, 2015 at 1:54 pm # 
I take Vitamin World’s B12 it’s sublingual,5000MCG, is that too much? My son(13 yrs. old) and I take it once a week.
Jordan February 9, 2015 at 1:59 pm # 
I was under the impression that methylcobalamin was the best form of Vitamin B-12 to take. Why is cyanocobalamin superior?
pgyx February 9, 2015 at 3:58 pm # 
I, too, am under the impression that methylcobalamin is a more usable form than cyanocobalamin. I take it only intermittently (working on doing it regularly) and my serum B12 level was ~700. I use Source Naturals and now Joel Furhman’s prenatal vitamin which has folate instead of folic acid.
sentaki.im@gmail.com February 9, 2015 at 3:00 pm # 
What do you think about Pure Advantage B12 500mcg Methylcobalamin Vegan Certified? It’s not on your list 🙂 I’m taking one year, and it cool
Prema February 9, 2015 at 3:03 pm # 
I buy SOLAR sublingual B12 100mcg. It just says cobalamin but does not specify methyl or cyan. it does mention vegetable magnesium stearate. I do believe it is all vegetarian. I did ask for vegetarian source at the health food store. I just started taking B12 after reading about its importance. I have been vegetarian (no vegan, I eat some dairy occasional organic eggs, but not daily). I have been following this diet for 42 years.
Glenn February 9, 2015 at 3:14 pm # 
I live in Canada and found a cyanocobalamin that’s suitable for vegans from Sisu Products:
Ingrid February 9, 2015 at 4:51 pm # 
Great article Ginny – thank you so much! 
I learned the hard way that I couldn’t take 1000 mcg B12 daily (I’d heard that extra is excreted.) My blood levels were quite high. I’m happy to see that your recommendation to take 1000 mcg twice weekly is what I’m currently doing.
This is my first time on your site. I’ll definitely be back!
Allison February 9, 2015 at 4:57 pm # 
I take Garden of Life methylcobalamin spray. It provides 500 mcg/spray and I take one spray/day. I recently had my vitamin B12 level checked and it was at 916 pg/mL. The range is 211-911 pg/mL. I think it’s safe to assume the methyl form is working appropriately.
Carolyn February 9, 2015 at 5:28 pm # 
I take methylcobalamin, which is the superior form of B12 and is better assimilated into the body.
Axel Lieber February 9, 2015 at 7:22 pm # 
Carolyn, do you have a scientific (i.e. peer-reviewed, published) source for your claim that methylcobalamin is “superior”? All I could find in the literature is that cyanocobalamin is readily converted to methylcobalamin etc in the human body and has the added advantage of being stable (methylcobalamin is susceptible to oxidation). I would be most obliged if you could post links to the science.
Jim February 9, 2015 at 8:34 pm # 
Cyna has to go through a conversion process in your body to turn it into a Methyl for your body to absorb it. Why would anyone recommend otherwise? Personally I use Jarrow’s 1000 mcg daily. It’s Vegan friendly. To shake things up, I’ll use Garden Of Life’s organic spray.
Mindy Maree February 9, 2015 at 6:23 pm # 
I have been taught that Methyl- and not cyano- is the preferred one. Why do you go with cyano- and not methyl -?
zsfcxfd February 9, 2015 at 6:57 pm # 
How to increase Vitamin B12 content in a person aged 73 (male)?
Eats a healthy diet! Not a vegetarian or a vegan. Is it possible to do it without supplements?
Would really appreciate a reply!
Thank you!
Ann February 9, 2015 at 7:43 pm # 
Bluebonnet Earth Sweet Chewable Vitamin B12 5000mcg has the Vegan icon on the bottle.
i take it once a week.
Ann February 9, 2015 at 7:45 pm # 
add to above that Bluebonnet is cyanocobalamin form
Sandy February 9, 2015 at 7:57 pm # 
In Canada I take Jamieson Natural Sources B12, 1,200 mcg twice a week. It is Cyanocobalamin which gradually releases the B12. Also contains cellulose, diccalcium phosphate, vegetable magnesium stearate, water-soluble cellulose, Brazialian palm tree wax. No salt, sugar, starch, gluten, lactose, artificial colors, flavors or preservatives.
Kristin February 9, 2015 at 9:43 pm # 
I have been taking NutraBulk B-12 sublingual lozenges, 2500 mcg once a week (well, trying to remember to take them weekly). They specify vegetable magnesium stearate, and they use cyanocobalamin. I’ve been vegan for 8 or 9 years (vegetarian before that since 1995) but have never had my B12 levels checked. Need to add that to my next blood work. 
paolo firlano February 9, 2015 at 10:11 pm # 
Hello, I take Phoenix Long-life 2000 micrograms weekly. What do you think?
Stephen February 9, 2015 at 10:22 pm # 
I take Deva Vegan B12
Caleb February 10, 2015 at 12:49 am # 
Thank you for an interesting article. I was just wondering if you have more information regarding the differences between different forms of B12. I see many asking in the comments about it, maybe you could share your views in the article? Personally I have settled for 1000ug hydroxycobalamin drops ~1/week, which seem to be working, but I would be interested in what litterature says about it. Thanks!
Ginny Messina February 11, 2015 at 10:50 am # 
Yup, I’m working on a primer on B12 that will address these differences.
Trae Palmer February 10, 2015 at 4:02 am # 
I’m currently taking a Sprout’s brand methyl B-12 at 1000 mcg per day, but I do have a bottle of the Nature’s Bounty (2500 mcg cyanocobalamin) product on hand that I was planning on using after I’d gone through the bottle of the methyl B-12. The methyl B12 I have is in a dark glass bottle, but I’m wondering if I should just get rid of it and switch to the Nature’s Bounty one I have immediately. I also drink several sevings of fortified plant milk and use fortified nutritional yeast daily.
Ginny Messina February 11, 2015 at 10:49 am # 
The 1,000 mcg of methylcobalamin might be okay, especially if it’s protected from light. But again, we just don’t know for sure how much methyl is enough.
Trae Palmer February 16, 2015 at 6:34 pm # 
Thanks for the reply ! I’m thinking I might just use up the rest of the methyl to avoid wasting it and in the future just buy the cyanocobalamin form. The methyl product I have open is stored in a dark medicine cabinet and the bottle’s glass is quite dark, so it’s *probably* protected from light, though I’m considering moving it to my refrigerator to further slow degradation. 
What’s funny is that the methyl form is about all that’s available now at my local health food store, yet at Fresh & Easy near me, which is conveniently open 24 hours, they have a vegan cyano product, so it’s actually much easier for me to get the more stable form, as well ! :)
janet @ the taste space February 10, 2015 at 4:29 am # 
Hi Ginny, I actually take methyl, but the same company has a cyano version. http://www.naturalfactors.com/caen/products/detail/2826/vitamin-b12
I find the SL dose so much easier so I will probably continue with it. Great post though. It bothers me when vegans do not supplement at all with B12.
Sally February 10, 2015 at 5:36 am # 
I take Solgar B12 2000mcg liquid drops (cyanocobalamin)
Out of all the B12 I have tried, I find this one the best and this one helped increase my B12 levels so I didnt need to get shots.
It does however come combined with other B Vits, but I don’t mind that as I find B vits work better as a package.
Personally I would avoid supermarket brand vitamins (here in the uk) as I don’t trust the quality of the supplement. I tend to stick with Solgar, Biocare and Seagreens.
Michelle February 10, 2015 at 8:08 am # 
Hi Ginny! Thanks for the article. I have noticed that most (?all) of the B12 supplements on the market are sublingual. Why is that? I know people with true pernicious anemia, who don’t make intrinsic factor in the stomach, cannot absorb B12 through the GI tract and therefore need B12 either in an injectable or sublingual form. But for those of us without pernicious anemia, is there any difference between sublingual and a regular oral tablet? Or are the manufacturers just making the sublingual to capture the pernicious anemia market?
Ginny Messina February 11, 2015 at 10:48 am # 
I think they are probably marketing this as better because it is absorbed directly without digestion. And as you noted, it could be for some people. For most of us, swallowing a pill is just fine. And chewing it before you swallow it could add a little advantage.
Clementine February 10, 2015 at 8:59 am # 
SOLGAR, sublingual/chewable vit B12 (cyanocobalamin) 1000microg twice a week, suitable for vegans
Julie February 10, 2015 at 5:40 pm # 
Hi thanks for the helpful info & comments of fellow readers.
Which cyano based b12 supplements can be purchased in England,?
I read somewhere that b4 u supplement, u should check to see if you are actually deficient, otherwise your body can build a resistance to it.
Thanks to all who reply ;)
Allan Ng February 11, 2015 at 9:43 pm # 
Thanks for the article. Didn’t realized twice a week (1000 mcg) would be enough.
We have been taking 500 mcg daily for a long time. Sundown Naturals which is Cyano with other nutrients and similar to Safeway brand it list the following as other ingredients: Dicalcium Phosphate, Vegetable Cellulose, Vegetable Stearic Acid, Silica, Vegetable Magnesium Stearate.
Will try 4 times a week instead of 7
Vegans from Singapore.
Carolyn February 15, 2015 at 5:40 am # 
Hi Ginny,
Any suggestions for someone with a cobalt allergy? When I started taking b12 I broke out in rashes and eventually had skin patch testing done that determined cobalt as the cause. I stopped taking it and my skin cleared, but I’m concerned about becoming deficient. Thanks!
Sep September 17, 2015 at 10:28 am # 
Hi Carolyn
Did you find out which Vitamin B-12 does not have cobalt in it. I am taking iron supplements and Mason B-12 at the same time. Not sure which one of it is causing me difficulty breathing. Thanks.
Juliana February 22, 2015 at 5:07 pm # 
We take Pure Vegan B 12. It provides 500 mcg. Now recently I have purchased Garden of Life organic B 12 which is Non Gmo, organic and gluten free certified.
Sarah March 17, 2015 at 5:04 pm # 
Hi Ginny,
I am a graduating dietetics student and am considering the switch to a vegan lifestyle for environmental reasons. I am studying the advanced micro-nutrient metabolism materials right now. I don’t understand why there isn’t a B-complex vitamin out there for vegans that has only the B-vitamins we need and in the amounts we need them. We can measure percent content in foods and percent absorption; there is no reason we can’t formulate a complex that actually supplements our nutrition needs instead of overdosing on vitamins that vegans are adequate in.
I think we should find a venture capitalist to make one for us. I don’t think it would be hard to find someone in this budding health conscious environment.
– Sarah
Roxxi March 24, 2015 at 12:05 pm # 
Thank you for your wonderful blogs. I’m trying to figure out cyanocobalamin vs. methylcobabalamin. I just learned in my medical nutrition therapy class in college that 10% of people have problems converting unmethylated folate in enriched foods to active methyltetrahydrofolate. So everyone should take methyfolate and methylcobalamin supplements. What do you think about this?
Also what about this article that states methylcobalamin is much better, opposite from what you are saying. and is this website even reliable since I see that they do promote certain supplements. http://www.methylcobalamininfo.com/methylcobalamin-vs-cyanocobalamin/ 
Thank you for your thoughts!
Karen May 9, 2015 at 6:01 am # 
I have Vit B-12 deficiency. I’m in need of a Vit B-12, 500 mg, sub-lingual that is safe for someone with Fructose Mal-absorption. I can not have any artificial sweeteners, juices, molasses, honey for sweeteners. No dairy, wheat, gluten, and chicory/inulin. Any suggestions for where I’d find this. I haven’t had any luck so far.
angelica June 13, 2015 at 11:04 pm # 
Just when I thought I had the answer (sublingual methylcobalamin), I run in to your article, Ginny. Is the article here not valid?: http://www.vegansociety.com/resources/nutrition-health/vitamins-minerals-and-more/vitamin-b12-your-key-facts/what-every-vegan
Ginny Messina June 26, 2015 at 5:40 pm # 
Angelica, I don’t think this article mentions methylcobalamin, does it? I think that the recommendation for a daily dose of B12 is too low (the article is several years old), but other than that, the info seems good. The Vegan Society is generally a good source of nutrition information.
Kim June 22, 2015 at 1:53 pm # 
I see some others with kids are having a hard time finding a B12 supplement too. 
My baby is only 14 months old and it’s recommended she only take 10mcg/day of B12. Help! I cannot find any tablet/liquid/spray anywhere close to this low amount and I do not want to give her a mega dose. In fact, I called MyKind organics about their organic B12 spray (500 mcg) and they said they would not recommend giving her this high of a dose. I do not want to rely on fortified processed cereals for her to get this nutrient and currently she is not drinking enough fortified non dairy milks to meet this requirement.
Any suggestions or supplements to recommend? There seems to be a need for a lose-dose kids B12 supplement!
Ginny Messina June 26, 2015 at 5:35 pm # 
Kim, if she is getting vitamin B12 from formula or fortified soymilk and is consuming it several times a day, she doesn’t need that 10 mcg. She would be fine with 2 to 3 servings per day with each providing about 1.5 mcg.
Rebekah June 28, 2015 at 10:41 am # 
I eat a plant-based vegan diet and have been taking trader joe’s b-complex daily supplement (vegan, with b12 as cyanocoblalamin) for about the past seven years. I’ve recently read articles/blogs that indicate I should not do this, especially because there is 400mcgs of folic acid in the tablet. There is also 50mcgs of b12. I looked into the nature’s bounty b12 as recommended above, and the label instructs taking one 2500mcg daily. Is this right? I’m a little confused about the amount. Though I would like to start taking this nature’s bounty tablet, I’m concerned about taking too much… but I do prefer to take a supplement daily. Any advice will be gratefully received!
Ginny Messina June 28, 2015 at 12:45 pm # 
Rebekah, you don’t need that much every day. You could take the Nature’s Bounty supplement a couple of times per week and that should be plenty.
Brett Scriver July 6, 2015 at 5:18 pm # 
I came across the Radiance Platinum brand of B12 (cyanocobalamin) at CVS. They say “vegan” right on the label. http://www.cvs.com/shop/vitamins/vitamins-a-z/vitamin-b/radiance-platinum-vitamin-b-12-tablets-1000mcg-skuid-964490
Sarah August 10, 2015 at 4:13 pm # 
I have read taking more than 20mcgs of B-12 is not recommended because it can cause rosacea outbreaks (which I have) and etc. Is that not correct?
Ginny Messina August 22, 2015 at 12:34 pm # 
There are a few case studies suggesting that some people may have skin reactions to vitamin B12. But there isn’t much research on this and I don’t think it’s very common. And almost all B12 supplements have much more than 20 ug.
James September 12, 2015 at 3:02 pm # 
I use DEVA’s vegan daily multivitamin which has 100 mcg of cyano.
Gary Transom October 1, 2015 at 7:35 pm # 
Hi guys.
I have been a vegan (fully) for 10 years now and b12 deficiency has been
a curse and i do not wish to enroll doctors because of the closed way they approach things, twice now i have had to have injections of B12 which will be made from something synthetic, any way just i recently i have put myself thru hell seeing if my body would fix my extreme tiredness by doing that which it needs to do, it would not so i finally secombed and now i have to have a truckload of the stuff to remove the tiredness problem.
As you may know that b12 is not available in the natural or unnatural world, of food, there are only 2 places that we can get b12 and that is from dirt, and inside our gut.
B12 is a waste product of a bacteria.
I am very stubborn when it comes to the ‘system ‘ telling me things and i am very suspect of everything coming at me, i knew in my heart of hearts
that there will be a way to find b12 in the natural, it was right under my nose all the time and i have used this source before for healthy living but not for b12 at the time, now is different so i searched and searched and this is what i found.
HEMP milk, has in one glass 25 percent of our daily intake of b12, it also has 10 amino acids amongst other things.
Check it out you will be amazed.
happy vegan to you
Steve One Cat October 9, 2015 at 1:29 am # 
I looked at Nature Made’s ingredients, and they contain gelatin, which is not vegan.
Laura November 1, 2015 at 9:47 pm # 
I am taking a liquid spray b12 from wholefoods. But what about my kids…what is the dosage for them and where is best to buy for them. I have been giving them the spray as I know you can’t overdose on b12 but it does say not intended for children. I can’t seem to find one for them that is not a multi vitamin. A spray seems to be the way for kids though!
Raviprasad P Rao November 25, 2015 at 3:03 am # 
Hi Ginny,
I am having vitamin B12 deficiency since I am a vegan. I do take eggs.
Symptoms are really scary like short of breath, nervousness, weakness, fatigue tingling of hands, coldness, numbness in the hands, legs etc.
I am taking green leafy vegetables, brocolli, onions, garlic, ginger, cabbage, carrot, beans, soya milk, low fat milk, dark chocolate, parsley, fruits only apple.
I am taking nuerobion 100 mg right now.
In fact, I would like to switch over to mega food vegan B12. how is this product basically, is there any side effects/interactions with other medicines. whether it will boost my vitamin B12 levels. I am taking valis 80 mg BP medication at present. Or do u think, other medication for Vitamin B12 is better than this. Pl let me know your opinion on this.
Kristin December 3, 2015 at 11:23 am # 
The Nature’s Bounty option is 2500 mcg, but the instructions say to take daily. How frequently should it be taken?
Adela January 2, 2016 at 9:54 am # 
I just bumped into your article for which thank you so much as we need someone to scrutinize our vitamins and other nutrients! 
I notice you didn’t list Deva Vitamins. I take their B12 1000 mcg plus, as you probably know, B6 and Folic Acid. And I only now realize it doesn’t contain “cyanocobalamin”, only “methylcobalamin”. 
What do you suggest?
I anticipate my thanks for prompt response. :o)
Margaret January 6, 2016 at 9:03 am # 
I am quite surprised you are recommending cyanocobalamin. It is not as bioavailable as methylcobalamin and so the body needs to convert the cyanocobalamin to the methylcobalamin. in addition, doesn’t the body then need to excrete the remnants of the cyanide after it’s been metabolized? Also no discussion of tablet vs liquid form. Cyanocobalamin may be stable but liquid will always be absorbed more efficiently than tablets. I use Vegan Safe Bioactive B12, which is a blend of methylcobalamin and adenosylcobalamin. it is made by Global Healing Center. I used to use cyanocobalamin to treat my B12 deficiency after being vegetarian for a long time, but after about a year, my hair started falling out. I no longer have this problem.
Ginny Messina January 6, 2016 at 9:58 am # 
Margaret, this article explains why vegan nutrition experts recommend cyanocobalamin. http://www.theveganrd.com/vegan-nutrition-primers/vitamin-b12-a-vegan-nutrition-primer
KJ January 6, 2016 at 11:00 am # 
Your explanation for why cyano is better than methyl is really not impressive. You prefer cyano because there is more research done on it? I have been taking the methyl form for several years (prior to that have regularly used Red Star nutritional yeast, and I am a 45-year vegan. No signs or symptoms of B12 deficiency. Everything I have read leads me to believe the methyl form is superior.
Ginny Messina January 6, 2016 at 1:10 pm # 
Yes, the fact that there is more research on it allows us to make appropriate recommendations to protect vegans against deficiency. Because of the lack of research on methylcobalamin, and the fact that we know it isn’t as stable or reliable, it’s difficult to know how much people actually need to prevent deficiency. Therefore, it is risky to depend on the methyl form of this vitamin supplement. That’s why vegan nutrition experts who have looked at the actual research recommend cyanocobalamin. I’m not surprised, though, that everything you’ve read says otherwise. There is tons of misinformation about this on the internet. And since it can take several years to develop a deficiency of B12, people may not realize that they are not supplementing appropriately.
Black Bean Queen January 7, 2016 at 4:31 pm # 
I am so glad I found your site! This was a very helpful and informative article. I’m not vegan, but I’ve been vegetarian for over 2 years, and I only consume eggs and yogurt on occasion. I know B-12 supplementation is a good idea for vegans and strict vegetarians, so I am thinking about it. I bought a 500 mcg supplement from one of the brands you suggested in this post. Would taking it 3x- 4x/week likely be adequate? Or less frequently, since I sometimes consume eggs or yogurt?


2015 in review


The WordPress.com stats helper monkeys prepared a 2015 annual report for this blog.

Here’s an excerpt:

A San Francisco cable car holds 60 people. This blog was viewed about 3,300 times in 2015. If it were a cable car, it would take about 55 trips to carry that many people.

Click here to see the complete report.



Buy Miswak :  Natural Toothbrush  |   Amazon   |   Neem Tree Farm   |  Google   |   Miswakstick.com   |  The Islamic Bookstore  |  Ebay Facebook  |  Miswak Promo $2 instead of $20

Download:   Miswak: A cultural Heritage PDF


Articles:  Results of Clinical Study – comparison of Miswak & Brushing      Natural Toothbrush Alternatives    Kill Periodontal symptoms at Home           Five Steps to Develop the Habit of Miswak

a wonderful article on discovering the joys of Miswak

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Traditional miswak sticks. Softened bristles on either end can be used to clean the teeth.

The miswak (miswaak, siwak, sewak, Arabic: سواك‎ or مسواك) is a teeth cleaning twig made from the Salvadora persica tree (known as arak in Arabic). A traditional and natural alternative to the modern toothbrush, it has a long, well-documented history and is reputed for its medicinal benefits. It is reputed to have been used over 7000 years ago. The miswak’s properties have been described thus: “Apart from their antibacterial activity which may help control the formation and activity of dental plaque, they can be used effectively as a natural toothbrush for teeth cleaning. Such sticks are effective, inexpensive, common, available, and contain many medical properties”. It also features prominently in Islamic hygienical jurisprudence.

The miswak is predominant in Muslim-inhabited areas. It is commonly used in the Arabian peninsula, the Horn of Africa, North Africa, parts of the Sahel, the Indian subcontinent, Central Asia and Southeast Asia. In Malaysia, miswak is known as Kayu Sugi (Malay for ‘chewing stick’).


suitable wood for miswak come from various trees in different parts of the world for example:

Salvadora Persica (the toothbrush tree)    buy in oz   TOothbrush tree

source:   http://www.allthingsislam.com.au (this site is now closed)

Common Names: Salt bush, Mustard tree, The tooth brush tree.
Internationally known as: Arak, Siwak, Peelu, Miswak.
Scientific Name: Salvadora Persica

Potential Dental Benefits with Regular Use:

Research shows that the bark of the “Toothbrush Tree” contains on antibiotic which suppresses the growth of bacteria and the formation of plaque in the mouth. Research also suggests that the regular use of Miswak significantly reduces plaque, gingivitis, and the growth of cariogenic bacteria. No toothpaste required! Miswak, naturally contains many components such as fluoride, astringents, detergents, resins (a possible enamel protectant) and abrasives.

How to use:

Simply scrape off bark from the tip (1/2″), then chew the tip gently until brush like and the fiber becomes soft. Brush teeth horizontally and frequently. When the bristles are worn and the flavor has subsided, cut them off & repeat instruction.

Miswak is also spelled as Miswaak, Meswak, Miswaq or Meswaq. In Arabic, its also known as sewak. Some people prefer spelling it as sewak, siwak, siwaak and with such small variations.


Different Kind of Miswak … Peelu, Olive, Bitam Tree Miswak

source:  http://www.sewakalbadr.com/types-of-miswak.php

It is permissible to take for a Miswak all kinds of tree twigs provided these aren’t hazardous or poisonous. It is prohibited to utilize a Miswak from a poisonous tree. Our Holy Prophet (Peace Be upon Him)   Forbade the Usage of Raihaan as Miswak as it leads to the disease, Juz-zaam.

Miswaks from the following trees aren’t permissible:

Pomegranate; Bambo; Raihaan; Chambelie

Listed below are the kinds of Miswak recommended:

Peelo tree
Zaitoon or Olive tree
Any bitter tree

Miswak of the Peelo Tree

“And, the finest of Miswaks is the Peelo, then the Olive.”

The ideal kind of Miswak is that which is obtained from the Peelo tree. The miswak of the Peelo tree is incredible for getting the sparkle or glitters of the teeth.  Our Holy Prophet (Peace Be upon Him) likewise lauded and endorsed the Peelo tree for Miswak usage. Apart from recommending the Peelo tree, Holy Prophet (Peace Be upon Him)   together with the Companion (May Allah be Pleased with them) utilized Miswaks of this tree.  Companions of Imam Shafi (R) have shown Agreement of Opinion among them on the point that the usage of the Peelo Miswak is Mustahab.

Miswak of the Olive Tree
Our Holy Prophet (Peace Be upon Him) has voiced highly of the Miswak of this tree as well. The following Hadith reveals the importance of the Olive tree Miswak:

“Use the Miswak of the Olive tree. It’s the Miswak of an auspicious tree. It cleans and makes wholesome the mouth. It erases the yellowishness of the teeth. It is my (i.e. Rasulullah’s)   Miswak and the Miswak of the Prophets who arrived before me.”

Miswak of the Bitam Tree
In another Hadith it’s stated that in the absence of the Peelo tree the Olive tree could be utilized, and in the absence of the Olive Miswak, the Bitam tree Miswak could be utilized.
Miswak of some bitter tree

If none of the three aforementioned kinds of Miswak is obtainable, a Miswak of any bitter tree can be taken.

” . . Afterwards it is recommended to utilize a Miswak of a sour tree since the Miswak of a sour tree takes off odor of the mouth to a greater extent.”

Twigs used

Spring blossoms of Kikar (also called Babool) in Hodal in Faridabad district of Harya

Teeth cleaning twigs can be obtained from a variety of tree species. Although many trees are used in the production of teeth cleaning twigs, some trees are better suited to clean and protect the teeth, due to the chemical composition of the plant parts.

The known tree species are:

Salvadora persica
Lime tree (Citrusaurantafolia)


Neem (Azadirachta indica) in Hyderabad India

Orange tree (Citrussinensis)
African laburnum (Cassia sieberiana)
Tea Tree
Neem in Indian subcontinent
Vachellia nilotica, also called Babool or Kikar in Indian subcontinent
Dalbergia sissoo, also called Sheesham in Indian subcontinent
Gouania lupuloides
Acacia catechu
Acacia nilotica
and other trees with bitter rootWhen compared to toothbrushes, teeth cleaning twigs have several advantages:

  • More ecological in its life-cycle
  • Lower cost (0-16% of the cost of a toothbrush[12])
  • Independence from external supplier if made at home from privately owned trees
  • Low maintenance, with some twigs need moistening with water if they become dry, to ensure the end is soft. The end may be cut afresh to ensure hygiene, and should not be stored near a sink. The twig is replaced every few weeks to maintain proper hygiene.
  • No need for toothpaste

Miswak – A Student Designmiswak-toothbrush-1this-toothbrush

People in Middle East, Pakistan and India often prefer old-fashioned way to brush their teeth. They use Miswak, a stick made of Salvadora persica tree that cleans teeth even better than a toothbrush. Traditionally, you need to bite off the top of the stick, which exposes natural bristles that work similar to the toothbrush.

Leen Sadder, a design student at The School of Visual Arts decided to give the traditional Miswak stick a new modern look.  She called her natural toothbrush THIS and in order to promote the idea of this twig she decided to create a suitable package for it. Many people would not welcome the idea of biting the stick to clean their teeth. So the graduate student designed a cigar-cutter-like cap to make this job for you.

Keep in mind that THIS toothbrush is eco-friendly: natural and biodegradable and works just as well or even better than traditional toothbrush.

UPDATE dec 2015


from MY Plastic-Free Life

neem-chew-sticks-05A few points from India, where this method is still used, though not as widely as it was 30 years ago.

(1) Were the sticks really very dry? Here, we use young twigs off the plants because they are easiest to chew. they’re a bit more slender than what you seem to have there. Also because you don’t mention the taste, which should have been quite a notable thing had you had young, fresh sap in the twigs

(2) No, it’s not something used centuries ago. It’s in use in living memory, though — like I was saying, rarer than 30 years ago, when it seemed ubiquitous in my child’s eyes. Lots of long-lived people around here with all their teeth — can’t recall more than two of my 15-odd grandparents, great-grandparents and great-uncles and aunts having ever had caries of any sort (and no, dentist’s visits as prevention are STILL not the norm, so that’s not regular professional cleaning doing the trick).

(3) I’m guessing the pregnancy warning is statutory for any herbal product that hasn’t expressly been studied for safety in pregnancy. Neem does nothing terrible to your hormones that regular food doesn’t (there are enough phytoestrogens in food even without soy coming into the picture; there are other foods that cause migraines, relieve aches and whatnot… all food has ‘side effects’, if you look really hard for them). In India, or at least the eastern part of the country, we eat neem leaves all the time as a delicacy. No one stops using neem twigs or eating the leaves because they are pregnant. (And it’s not our of ignorance — there ARE proscribed foods, such as raw poppy seed paste.) We do stop when breastfeeding, but only because some children (supertasters, i guess) can taste the difference in mother’s milk.

(4) It shouldn’t take very long to brush with these — in fact, we try to peel the bark with the front teeth, then actively chew on the end to soften it and use alternate sides to do that, because the very act of chewing cleans the teeth for the most part. After that, a quick once-over. But yeah, nowhere near as fast as toothpaste… though like someone’s already said, the idea isn’t to do this at ‘brushing time’. We do it between tasks or while doing other stuff — on your morning walk, while walking the dog, reading the paper, watching an after-dinner movie, waiting for the bath to fill are all good ideas!

This Natural Alternative to Toothbrushes May Surprise You…

miswakThe kind of toothbrush we all have in our bathrooms was invented in 1938. Previously, from about 1498, boar bristles attached to bamboo or bone handles were used.

But what came before that? Answer: The miswak.

I have only been aware of the miswak for a year or so, and it took me this long to finally break down and buy one. Of all the areas in my life I’ve tried to switch to more traditional roots, an alternative to my toothbrush wasn’t a high priority. In fact I liked how my teeth cleaner worked.

And then, like everything else, I researched.

This natural stick, which is actually a length of root from the  Peelu tree, is a natural and more effective toothbrush than your typical plastic and nylon kind.

Beyond the miswak not being synthetic, which is enough reason for me to try it, it actually kills bacteria and fights plaque. On it’s own. With no toothpaste. This of course leads to fewer cavities and fresher breath.

What Does Science Say?

I admit I was skeptical. To hear of a natural toothbrush to not only replace my plastic one, but to not even need toothpaste (or floss?) – and then to learn that it kills bacteria and whitens teeth? Sounded too good to be true.

Then I came across this clinical study. The purpose of this study was to “compare the effect of the chewing stick (miswak), and toothbrushing on plaque removal and gingival health.” The results? “Compared to toothbrushing, the use of the miswak resulted in significant reductions in plaque.”

The study concluded the miswak is more effective than toothbrushing for reducing plaque and gingivitis.

Nothing holding me back, I marched right over to amazon where I bought a miswak.

Getting Started

It was fun when the package came and I asked my family (and friends) what this stick-looking thing actually was. They were all surprised it was a toothbrush. Just another thing to add to the list of what Lea does that is not normal!

You do have to use a peeler (or knife if you’re handy that way) to scrape off about 1/2 inch of the bark away. Then you chew on it until the fibers separate, and you can get right to work. At first some of the outer fibers will break off in your mouth – but then you’re pretty much all set.

The flavor is a natural one, and to describe it I would have to say it reminds me of horseradish on a much much milder level with no spice. And the more you use it, the more mild it gets.

Do I Like It?

When I first used my miswak I was afraid my teeth wouldn’t feel clean enough and I’d have to brush with toothpaste after. I was afraid I’d resort to using my plastic toothbrush at least before leaving the house…

I was wrong.

My teeth do actually feel cleaner. Even without my favorite toothpaste.

I always found a regular toothbrush to be ineffective at fully removing plaque, which is why I floss. However, using the miswak I was surprised to find I really didn’t need to floss anymore, since the properties of the miswak are so effective at removing the plaque.

My teeth are shinier. I almost think they are whiter…could it really be true?

The most pleasant surprise of all is how easy the miswak is to use. I can “brush my teeth” in the car on the way to…anywhere. I find the miswak to be handier than a regular toothbrush, probably due to the fact I don’t need to be near a sink to use it. In fact tonight I used it while playing Yahtzee with my daughter.

A few points from India, where this method is still used, though not as widely as it was 30 years ago.
(1) Were the sticks really very dry? Here, we use young twigs off the plants because they are easiest to chew. they’re a bit more slender than what you seem to have there. Also because you don’t mention the taste, which should have been quite a notable thing had you had young, fresh sap in the twigs
(2) No, it’s not something used centuries ago. It’s in use in living memory, though — like I was saying, rarer than 30 years ago, when it seemed ubiquitous in my child’s eyes. Lots of long-lived people around here with all their teeth — can’t recall more than two of my 15-odd grandparents, great-grandparents and great-uncles and aunts having ever had caries of any sort (and no, dentist’s visits as prevention are STILL not the norm, so that’s not regular professional cleaning doing the trick).
(3) I’m guessing the pregnancy warning is statutory for any herbal product that hasn’t expressly been studied for safety in pregnancy. Neem does nothing terrible to your hormones that regular food doesn’t (there are enough phytoestrogens in food even without soy coming into the picture; there are other foods that cause migraines, relieve aches and whatnot… all food has ‘side effects’, if you look really hard for them). In India, or at least the eastern part of the country, we eat neem leaves all the time as a delicacy. No one stops using neem twigs or eating the leaves because they are pregnant. (And it’s not our of ignorance — there ARE proscribed foods, such as raw poppy seed paste.) We do stop when breastfeeding, but only because some children (supertasters, i guess) can taste the difference in mother’s milk.
(4) It shouldn’t take very long to brush with these — in fact, we try to peel the bark with the front teeth, then actively chew on the end to soften it and use alternate sides to do that, because the very act of chewing cleans the teeth for the most part. After that, a quick once-over. But yeah, nowhere near as fast as toothpaste… though like someone’s already said, the idea isn’t to do this at ‘brushing time’. We do it between tasks or while doing other stuff — on your morning walk, while walking the dog, reading the paper, watching an after-dinner movie, waiting for the bath to fill are all good ideas!

Doug Simons Alternative to Dentists Yes!

“Alternatives To Dentists” where Doug Simons will teach you:


  • How to truly clean your teeth
  • How to make your own tooth powder
  • How to seal over cavities
  • How to treat abscessed teeth
  • How to reverse gum disease
  • Information on root canals
  • Fluoride, is it good or bad?



The time Doug has spent in the wilderness gives him a unique perspective you don’€™t want to miss. Buy Doug’€™s DVD on ‘€œAlternatives to Dentists’€ by clicking on the BUY NOW button below.
‘€œDoug has a special gift to teach practical applications of how to use the plants  with gentle yet powerful results. ‘€
‘€œAbout 2 months after attending a weekend workshop with Doug Simons on herbal tooth care, a big chip broke off the back of one of my front teeth. My immediate response was ‘€œOh my God, I need to call the dentist,’€ but then I heard Doug’€™s wise voice in my mind say, ‘€œDon’€™t panic, you have time.’€

I went out and harvested a prickly pear pad and made a poultice just as Doug explained and placed it between my lip and gum at the broken tooth. I continued this for about 3 or 4 days. I also started taking about 1 1/2 teaspoons of Doug’€™s amazing wild, vibrant green horsetail each night before going to bed. It has been about 6 months now and just as Doug said it would, the enamal has completely grown over the borken area of the tooth and there has never been any sign of decay or pain.’€
Kathy Gould, Registered Herbalist, Meas AZ   www.SWHerbs.com



I have been using Mosi-guard.  I like it very much.  Now to discover if it is THE repellent i have been looking for. WHAT am i looking for?  Safe in every way and stronger than DEET!

Australian Stockists – phone first, as this list is not up-to-date.

Insect bites in the UK (and OZ)— identify what has bitten you with this ultimate guide

Mosi-guard reviews

source:   http://www.mosi-guard.com/mosi-guard-ingredients/#citriodiol

mosiguard_main__34824.1383789874.1280.1280Mosi-guard Natural’s® ingredients

Full details of Mosi-guard Natural’s ingredients. This is important to people looking for a naturally and sustainably sourced insect repellent which is also a DEET free alternative to synthetic insect repellents.

Mosi-guard Natural® Spray ingredients

Mosi-guard Natural® spray is an oil and water based solution.

Main ingredients

  1. 30% Citriodiol® — The active ingredient comes from a botanical oil found in the leaves of the eucalyptus citriodora tree. This is responsible for the repellency of Mosi-guard Natural® products. The main component in Citriodiol is p-menthane-3,8-diol or PMD, making up at least 64% of the oil.
  2. Aqua — Water provides a liquid base for the product.
  3. Denatured ethanol and isopropyl alcohol — Forms of non-drinkable alcohol used as solvents to help blend the active ingredient (which is oily) into the product.

Mosi-guard Natural® Spray Extra ingredients

Mosi-guard Natural® Spray Extra is a hydroalcoholic solution. The main difference in the ingredients of Spray and Spray Extra is that the Spray Extra contains 40% Citriodiol® compared to 30% Citriodiol in the Spray.

Main ingredients

  1. 40% Citriodiol — The active ingredient comes from a botanical oil found in the leaves of the eucalyptus citriodora tree. This is responsible for the repellency of Mosi-guard Natural® products. The main component in Citriodiol is p-menthane-3,8-diol or PMD, making up at least 64% of the oil.
  2. Aqua — Water provides a liquid base for the product.
  3. Denatured ethanol and isopropyl alcohol — Forms of non-drinkable alcohol used as solvents to help blend the active ingredient (which is oily) into the product.

Mosi-guard Natural® Roll-on ingredients

Mosi-guard Natural® Roll-on is an emulsion. An emulsion is a mixture of two phases that will not mix together under normal circumstances, in this case oil and water. To prevent the two phases from separating we use stabilisers.

Main ingredients

  1. 30% Citriodiol® — The active ingredient comes from a botanical oil found in the leaves of the eucalyptus citriodora tree. This is responsible for the repellency of Mosi-guard Natural® products. The main component in Citriodiol is p-menthane-3,8-diol or PMD, making up at least 64% of the oil.
  2. Aqua — Water is used to provide a liquid base for the emulsion.Minor ingredients (≤ 10%)
  3. Isohexadecane — A clear, odourless, apolar oil with 99% purity. It has a light velvety skin feel and functions as an emollient. It provides a moisturising effect by limiting water loss from the skin.
  4. Diisopropyl Adipate — This is the ester formed by combining isopropyl alcohol and adipic acid. Adipic acid is found in beet juice. It acts as a lubricant on the skin’s surface and give it a soft and smooth appearance.
  5. Steareth-21 — A waxy solid derived from fatty alcohols. It is prepared from vegetable oils by hydrogenation. It emulsifies and disperses the oily materials into the water to form a stable emulsion.
  6. PEG-8 Distearate and Steareth-2 — Waxy solids used as co-emulsifiers for oil-in water emulsions. They work in combination with steareth-21 to form a glossy white lotion.
  7. Cetearyl Alcohol — A waxy solid derived from fatty alcohol. It acts as an emulsion stabiliser and prevents separation of the oils and water.
  8. Disodium EDTA — EDTA acts as an antioxidant. Without EDTA colours and odours can break down.
  9. Sodium Lactate Aqua — A natural salt formed from fermentation of lactic acid and dissolved in water. It improves the stability of the product by creating an undesirable environment for bacteria. The other benefit of sodium lactate is its high capacity for holding water. This will increase the moisture content of the skin.
  10. C18-22 Hydroxyalkyl Hydroxypropyl Guar — A thickener and emulsion stabiliser that improves the feel and texture of the product by increasing its thickness.
  11. Hydrogenated  Polydecene, Sodium Polyacryloyldimethyl Taurate and Trideceth-10 — These increase the thickness of the product and improve its feel and texture.
  12. Lactic Acid Aqua — Used to adjust the final pH of the product.

Mosi-guard Natural® Stick ingredients

Mosi-guard Natural® stick is a solid insect repellent formula.

Main ingredients

  1. 32% Citriodiol® — The active ingredient comes from a botanical oil found in the leaves of the eucalyptus citriodora tree. This is responsible for the repellency of Mosi-guard Natural® products. The main component in Citriodiol is p-menthane-3,8-diol or PMD, making up at least 64% of the oil.
  2. Butylene glycol — This solvent stops the active ingredient, Citriodiol, from crystallising. It also helps to keep the skin moist and prevents bacteria growth.
  3. Glycerine — A viscous (sugar alcohol) common in cosmetic products. It is derived from vegetable oils and is a by-product of soap manufacture. It is used to improve smoothness by providing lubrication and moisturising effects.Minor ingredients (≤ 10%)
  4. Sodium Stearate — A white solid that is the main component in soap. It thickens the product into the solid stick and works to improve its texture and feel.
  5. Cetyl Alcohol — A waxy solid that thickens the product. It acts an emollient and thickener to form the stick and prevents water loss from the stick.

source:    http://www.mosi-guard.com/about-mosi-guard/


Q & A

More about Mosi-guard Natural® in terms of how it is different from DEET based mosquito repellents as well as product information related to warning labels, animal testing and safety.

  1. Why is Mosi-guard Natural a unique insect repellent?
  2. What is DEET?
  3. DEET versus DEET free?
  4. What are the problems associated with DEET and how do they compare to Citriodiol?
  5. Is Mosi-guard Natural as effective as DEET based repellents?
  6. How can I be sure Mosi-guard Natural will work?
  7. Why do Mosi-guard Natural products have the irritating to eyes warning label?
  8. Why do Mosi-guard Natural products have flammable warning labels?
  9. Does Mosi-guard Natural contain allergens?
  10. Is Mosi-guard Natural safe for plants, animals and our planet?
  11. Some ingredients in Mosi-guard Natural® insect repellents sound very ‘chemically’ for products with a plant based active. Why is this?
  12. Are Mosi-guard Natural® insect repellents really naturally sourced?
  13. Why do Mosi-guard Natural® insect repellents contain alcohol?
  14. What is Citriodiol®?
  15. Can I use Mosi-guard Natural® if I am pregnant?
  16. How can I be sure Mosi-guard Natural will work?
  17. Can I use Mosi-guard Natural abroad?
  18. Can I use Mosi-guard Natural on babies and young children?
  19. How long does Mosi-guard Natural last as an effective insect repellent?
  20. What can I do to avoid these insect bites?

  21. What diseases does each insect spread and where are they found?
  22. Are there any insects and insect bites to worry about in the UK?
1. Why is Mosi-guard  Natural® a unique insect repellent?

You may think that a naturally and sustainably sourced insect repellent like Mosi-guard Natural® might not work. You may be concerned that naturally derived products may not be tested as thoroughly as more established, synthetic repellents. But Mosi-guard Natural® is one plant-based repellent that entomologists and regulators around the world agree is truly effective without raising the growing concerns about neurotoxicity and high dermal absorption seen in synthetic products such as DEET.

This active ingredient is sold under the brand name Citriodiol® and known generically as either PMD rich botanic oil (PMDRBO) or Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus (OLE). Citriodiol® is made from the sustainably produced essential oil from the eucalyptus citriodora tree. Unlike other essential oil based products, it has passed the most rigorous safety and efficacy tests. For example, it has met the highest standards obtaining unconditional registration at the following agencies

Citriodiol® is also currently being evaluated under the European Biocidal Products Regulation.

You may think that insect repellents are similar to moisturisers or face creams in terms of the tests they have to pass to be brought to market. In fact, the tests for insect repellents are much more comprehensive and strict. For example, insect repellents must pass comprehensive human health (and often environmental) risk assessments by the relevant authorities, neither of which are required for cosmetics.

So, if you are looking for a family-friendly insect repellent which not only works really well, but also supports the planet, Citriodiol® is for you. Look for the Citriodiol® logo on the back of many major brands of insect repellent or buy Mosi-guard Natural.

 2. What is DEET?

DEET is an old fashioned insect repellent which was registered for public use in 1957. It is derived from coal tar and is the most well known insect repellent. It is a synthetic chemical and powerful solvent.

 3. DEET versus DEET free?

The main difference is the active ingredient. The active ingredient in Mosi-guard Natural® is Citriodiol®. Unlike DEET which is a synthetic chemical active, Citriodiol is plant based, also known as Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus. Other differences relate to the problems associated with DEET.

In recent years, concerns have surfaced about the use of the insect repellent DEET. There have been a small number of serious neurotoxic effects reported in small children, as well as documented mosquito resistance and accumulation of DEET in some US public waterway. Many consumers also object to DEET’s strong, chemically smell and the fact that it melts plastic upon contact. This has prompted consumers to seek DEET free alternatives.

Mosi-guard Natural® products are all entirely DEET free. They don’t melt plastic, the contain and active that is biodegradable and there is no known accumulation in any public waterways. In addition, the most recent toxicity safety profile being reviewed by the European authorities show it is appropriate for use on children at 6 months and unlike any other naturally sourced active ingredient, the active in Mosi-guard Natural® has been recommended for use by the US Center for Disease Control to repel mosquitoes carrying insect borne disease.

 4. What are the problems associated with DEET and how do they compare to Citriodiol?

There are five main areas of concern about DEET. These concerns do not apply to Citriodiol which is the plant based active in Mosi-guard Natural®.

  1. A powerful solvent
    As a powerful solvent, DEET can damage plastics, paints and synthetic fabrics, causing permanent damage and it will make colours run. DEET should be kept away from climbing ropes, watches, compasses, cameras, fishing tackle and sports equipment.
  2. Rapidly absorbed
    DEET is rapidly absorbed through the skin. This can lead to problems especially in young children. As a result there are restrictions on children under the age of 12 using DEET and guidelines suggest you should only use DEET 1-2 times a day. In contrast, very little Mosi-guard Natural® is absorbed through the skin so children as young as 6 months can use Mosi-guard Natural® and there are no restrictions on how often it can be used.
  3. Resistance is developing
    There are now reports of mosquito resistance to DEET. They have never been seen to show any tolerance of Citriodiol products like Mosi-guard Natural®.
  4. Environmental concerns
    DEET is a synthetic chemical and powerful solvent that has been detected in relatively large quantities in major waterways. In contrast, Citriodiol, is deemed to be safe for plants and animals mainly because it is readily biodegradable. Also, Citriodiol does not introduce any new substances to the ecosystem.
  5. The DEET experience
    Many people find the oily feel and smell of DEET unpleasant and skin reactions are common.
 5. Is Mosi-guard Natural® as effective as DEET based repellents?

Yes. The active ingredient in Mosi-guard Natural® is Citriodiol®, nature’s most effective insect repellent. Our efficacy data shows that Citriodiol works just as well as DEET, giving 6-8 hours Complete Protection Time compared to 6-10 hours Complete Protection Time from DEET based repellents. And the Mosi-guard Natural® Spray Extra provides 10+ hours of protection. So Citriodiol in Mosi-guard Natural® is just as effective as DEET but without the associated problems  — it is a whole lot better for you and the environment.

 6. How can I be sure Mosi-guard Natural® will work?

More than 35 studies have been conducted on products like Mosi-guard Natural® that contain the active ingredient Citriodiol (also known as PMD rich botanic oil and PMDRBO). Each of these reflect a level of efficacy that far exceeds that of any other plant-based repellent and is in fact on par with synthetic repellents like DEET.

You can feel confident that this wealth of data translates to strong protection because it has been proven robust enough to support product approvals with some of the strictest authorities, including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, as well as a recommendation by the US Center for Disease Control and Prevent (CDC), which reference it by its generic name in the US, Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus.

 7. Why do Mosi-guard Natural® products have the irritating to eyes warning label?

You will find the ‘irritating to eyes’ warning on all Mosi-guard Natural® products because Citriodiol, the active ingredient in Mosi-guard Natural®, stings when it gets in your eyes. There is sufficient quantity of Citriodiol in Mosi-guard Natural® products to have this stinging effect. Mosi-guard Natural® Spray and Mosi-guard Natural® Spray Extra also contain isopropyl alcohol which can irritate the eyes if sprayed directly to the eyes. According to EU directives which govern packaging and labelling, we meet the criteria for a category two eye irritant which requires us to display a hazard warning. Most products designed for use on the skin will irritate the eyes if applied directly on, or too close to the eyes. This warning simply alerts you to this fact.

 8. Why do the Mosi-guard Natural® Sprays have a flammable warning?

According to EU directives the Spray products are a category three flammable liquid which requires the flammable warning you see on Mosi-guard Natural® Spray and Mosi-guard Natural® Spray Extra. This means if these two products are directly ignited they can catch fire. You will find the ‘flammable’ warning on the Mosi-guard Natural® Spray and Spray Extra (and not on the Mosi-guard Natural® Stick or Roll-on) because the spray products contain flammable alcohol content in the same way that products like deodorant and hair spray do.

 9. Does Mosi-guard Natural® contain any allergens?

The allergens, citronellol (ca. 7%), linalool (<0.5%) and limonene (<0.5%) are all present in Eucalyptus Citriodora Oil, an ingredient found in Mosi-guard Natural®. Therefore, these allergens are also found in Mosi-guard Natural® and consumers with heightened sensitivity to these allergens should avoid using Mosi-guard Natural®.

 10. Is Mosi-guard Natural® safe for plants, animals and our planet?

Unlike synthetic substances which may upset the balance of our ecosystem by adding chemicals that mother nature never had in her plan, the active substance in Mosi-guard Natural® (Citriodiol®, also known as PMD rich botanic oil and PMDRBO) is derived from the Eucalyptus Citriodora tree. Use of our plant based mosquito repellent will not upset the earth’s natural balance.

Citriodiol is also biodegradable, which is important to the well-being of plants and animals. Instead of building up to potentially harmful high levels in waterways or soil, it simply breaks down over a relatively short period of time. This is in contrast to other repellents, like DEET, that have been recorded at noticeable levels in some public waterways. We also work hard to ensure Mosi-guard Natural® products are ethically and sustainably sourced.

We have never tested the effect of Mosi-guard Natural® on pets or any other animals. We would therefore recommend against using these products on animals.

11.  Some ingredients in Mosi-guard Natural® insect repellents sound very ‘chemically’ for products with a plant based active. Why is this?
Mosi-guard Natural® products combine the best of Mother Nature and the most suitable modern day formulatory tools to bring you a range of insect repellent products that are truly efficacious, skin kind, long lasting and suitable for your whole family. Here is more information about our ingredients.

12. Are Mosi-guard Natural® insect repellents really naturally sourced?
Mosi-guard Natural’s® active ingredient comes directly from lemon eucalyptus citriodora oil. This essential oil is sustainably harvested from the leaves and twigs of the eucalyptus citriodora tree by a simple process of steam distillation. In nature, the main component of the oil is citronellal and as the oil ages, that citronellal gradually turns into p-menthane-3,8-diol (PMD).
Some PMD is found in the “young” oil but only in small amounts. Because it is not possible to distill the oil when it is more mature and because the PMD is central to the oil efficacy in repelling biting insects, our suppliers harvest the oil from leaves that are about 18 months old. We then mimic nature by turning the rest of the citronellal into more PMD without adding anything extra to the finished product. This is how Mosi-guard Natural® insect repellents can come from a natural source but still work really well in repelling bugs.

13. Why do Mosi-guard Natural® insect repellents contain alcohol?
All Mosi-guard Natural® products contain types of non-drinkable alcohol that are routinely used in cosmetic products and that are approved for use in consumer products.  We can recommend them with confidence because each of our products has undergone rigorous reviews required for their sale around the world.
In case you still have concerns, here are the types of alcohol our products contain:
•    Mosi-guard Natural® Spray and Spray Extra contain ethanol and isopropyl alcohol which we use as solvents because the active ingredient is oily and won’t mix into a spray form with just water
•    Mosi-guard Natural® Roll-on contains cetearyl alcohol, a waxy solid, which we use as an emulsifier and emollient to improve the feel of the products on the skin and provide a moisturising effect
•    Mosi-guard Natural® Stick contains cetyl alcohol, used as an emulsifier and emollient and glycerine, a sugar alcohol used to improve smoothness through its lubrication and moisturising effects

14. What is Citriodiol®?
The active ingredient in Mosi-guard Natural® insect repellent is Citriodiol. Citriodiol is the trade name for p-menthane 3.8 diol botanic oil (PMDRBO) which can also be called PMD. In the USA Citriodiol is registered and known as oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE).

15. Can I use Mosi-guard Natural® if I am pregnant?
There have been no formal studies on pregnant women. However, if you do need to use a repellent, Mosi-guard Natural® would be a logical choice as it is plant based and                   *very little is absorbed through the skin
* Editor’s note: not true – the skin absorbs most everything, if not everything you put on it

16. How can I be sure Mosi-guard Natural® will work?

More than 35 studies have been conducted on products like Mosi-guard Natural® that contain the active ingredient Citriodiol (also known as PMD rich botanic oil and PMDRBO). Each of these reflect a level of efficacy that far exceeds that of any other plant-based repellent and is in fact on par with synthetic repellents like DEET.

You can feel confident that this wealth of data translates to strong protection because it has been proven robust enough to support product approvals with some of the strictest authorities, including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, as well as a recommendation by the US Center for Disease Control and Prevent (CDC), which reference it by its generic name in the US, Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus.

17. Can I use Mosi-guard Natural® abroad?

Mosi-guard Natural® is a regulated and proven plant based insect repellent with strong efficacy data that shows it is just as effective as synthetic insect repellents. Therefore, Mosi-guard Natural® can be used abroad.

18. Can I use Mosi-guard Natural® as an insect repellent for babies and children?

There has been extensive experience with the use of Mosi-guard Natural® as an insect repellent for babies from 6 months onwards. There is less experience with very young babies. Many people choose to use Mosi-guard Natural® insect repellent for babies and young children because very little of the active ingredient is absorbed through the skin. As baby’s skin can be sensitive, we always suggest that you apply a little of the repellent to a patch of skin before making a full application. It is essential to protect babies if taking them into areas where Malaria and other diseases may be a risk.

19. How long does Mosi-guard Natural® last as an effective insect repellent?

A study conducted at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine showed that Mosi-guard Natural® is effective for 11 hours against free-flying Mosquitoes when applied at normal consumer rates. In trials of this nature the subjects are inactive. Repellents may wear off more quickly if you are active or perspiring and should be reapplied more frequently.

20. What can I do to avoid these insect bites?

Always find out the most up-to-date information on insects and diseases for your travel destination. Websites like Know Before You Go and the Hospital for Tropical Diseases provide such useful information. GPs and travel clinics can also offer valuable advice about the most effective preventative medication for your destination.

However, it is important to note that no preventative medication offers 100% protection, so it is very important to avoid being bitten.

Mosquito bite prevention

Keep covered up
Most mosquitoes bite between dusk and dawn. Avoid exposing your skin by wearing long sleeved shirts and trousers. Aedes mosquitoes which transmit dengue and yellow fever are mainly active during the day with their peak biting times shortly after sunrise and just before sunset. To avoid being bitten by these daytime biters avoid outdoor shady conditions and sleep under a mosquito net if you take a siesta.

Use effective insect repellent
If your skin is exposed then it is important to use a safe and effective insect repellent on all areas of exposed skin.

Use a mosquito net at night
Mosquito nets provide very good protection especially when impregnated with the residual insecticide permethrin. Permethrin is poorly absorbed by the skin and has a low mammalian toxicity. There are a number of different styles of mosquito net and you should choose the one most suitable for where you are.

Sleeping in a room with air-conditioning will discourage mosquitoes.

Use a plug-in insecticide vaporiser
Use a knockdown spray (any fly spray will do) to clear the room of mosquitoes. Plug-in insecticide vaporisers are very effective for overnight protection as long as the room is relatively free from draughts. The vaporisers consist of a heating pad onto which an insecticide soaked tablet is placed. The insecticide gradually vaporises throughout the night killing any mosquitoes that get into the room.

Spray mosquito breeding grounds
If you are staying for long periods in areas where mosquitoes are a problem, then remember that they breed in stagnant water. Mosquitoes lay eggs in as little as a quarter inch of standing water. A good mosquito bite prevention method is to ensure mosquito breeding areas within 500 yards of your accommodation are regularly sprayed or eliminated.

Midge bite prevention

Midges are tiny swarming insects that are common in the Scottish Highlands during the summer months. Bites from midges do not transmit disease but can make life almost unbearable. Mosi-guard Natural® will help stop midges from biting but not from swarming around you. You can avoid midges with anti-midge hats, midge body suits and midge netting (smaller than mosquito nets) to cover tent entrances. Natural remedies include garlic, marmite, yeast tablets, sprigs of bog-myrtle or burning citronella.

Tick bite prevention

Tick bites spread lyme disease in the UK and abroad. There is currently no vaccine against lyme disease so you must be aware that areas with ground cover, foliage and diverse wildlife can pose a risk of ticks. To prevent tick bites use an insect repellent and keep covered up. Tucking your trouser legs into your socks will help. After being outside in tick prone areas be sure to check your body, pets and clothing for ticks. Carry a tick remover so you can quickly remove ticks and reduce the chance of disease transmission.

Source:    http://blog.cherrytreecountryclothing.com/deet-repellent-verses-mosi-guard-natural-insect-repellent/

Have you ever wondered what the benefits and disadvantages of using chemically based repellents are?  

Have you thought about Deet and perhaps compared it with a natural based insect repellent such as Mosi guard?

Listed below is a comprehensive list of the major benefits of using Mosi Guard natural insect repellent, compared to the chemical based Deet insect repellent.

Mosi-guard-natural-extra-sprayMosi-Guard Natural Insect Repellent

Mosi guard natural insect repellent is 100% natural and is made from renewable resources. The main ingredient is Citriodiol which is a lemon eucalyptus oil. Insects such as mosquitoes, sandflies, midges, ticks and leeches find this eucalyptus oil distasteful, resulting in confused and disorientated insects.

Mosi-guard natural insect repellent is recommended for adults, children and babies from 3 months of age and is suitable for both high risk and low risk geographical areas. It can be used for walking, hiking, treking, hunting, golfing, farming or fishing.  You can also use it when at the beach, relaxing in the garden, or cycling, climbing or camping.

Extensive research and tests have been carried out on insects in Tanzania, Malaysia, Bolivia – tests have even been conducted on the midges in Scotland, with positive results in every situation! Plus, the Mosi guard repellent is the only plant based repellent that is recognised as being effective by leading authorities.

Mosi guard is actively supporting the BADA-UK (Borreliosis and Associated Diseases Awareness – UK) charity in promoting public awareness of Lyme disease and protection against tick bites. For every Mosi guard sold within the UK, a donation to BADA is made. For further information, check out the BADA-UK website – www.bada-uk.org.

In summary, the 100% natural Mosi guard insect repellent will protect you against:

  • Mosquitoes
  • Sandflies
  • Ticks
  • Midges
  • Leeches

 Mosi guard Natural Insect Repellent – Benefits and Disadvantages

Benefits Disadvantages
  • 100% Natural Ingredients
  • Repels up to 10 hours
  • Suitable for adults, children and babies from 3 months old
  • Use in high and low risks geographical areas
  • Uses renewable resources therefore environmentally friendly
  • Protects against Mosquitoes, Sandflies, Midges, Ticks and Leeches
  • No adverse effects on clothing or plastic equipment
  • Fresh, lemon smell
  • Supports BADA- UK Charity
  • Tested in Tanzania, Malaysia, Bolivia, and even on midges in Scotland
  • Can be washed off easily
  • Kind to your skin
  • Can cause eye and mouth area to sting if applied incorrectly
  • Can feel slightly sticky/oily when applied initially
  • If pregnant, you are advised to consult a doctor before use

Deet Insect Repellent

Deet insect repellent is a chemical based repellent made from coal tar. First introduced and used in the late 1940’s by the US Army, Deet (or Diethyl Toluamide) is used in high risk environments where there is a high number of malaria – carrying mosquitoes.

There are three strengths of Deet available:

  • Deet 30% concentration – suitable for most holiday destinations
  • Deet 50% concentration – can be used by children and adults
  • Deet 100% concentration – should be used on clothing only

There has always been some concerns over using chemically based Deet insect repellent on our health and equipment. Testing revealed that Deet insect repellent should be kept away from climbing ropes, watches, compasses, cameras, rucksacks and any sports equipment as it has an adverse affect on plastic. Plus, Deet can also make colours run on fabric.

More recent studies (February 2013) carried out by London School of Hygiene and Tropial Medicine has shown that some mosquitoes are now growing resistant to Deet. For further information www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-21519998

Deet Insect Repellent – Benefits and Disadvantages

Benefits Disadvantage
  • Suitable for use in high risk geographical areas
  • Suitable for areas which are exposed to Malaria and dengue fever
  • Very little odour
  • Non-greasy
  • Protects against Mosquitoes, Ticks, Fleas and Chiggers, plus any other insect that can transmit diseases
  • May cause minor skin irritation
  • Chemical based
  • Chemicals can pass through your skin
  • Can damage climbing ropes, watches, compasses, and any sporting equipment as Deet will damage any plastic based equipment