Tag Archives: nylon 4

Your Favourite Eco Toothbrush: Partly Biodegradable, Partly Not

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see an older post about nylon 6 and nylon 4

although designers are doing the very best they can, there is still not a fully degradable bristle apart from the boar-bristle. if there are, can you tell us about it in the comments below?


home_groupthe brush we all know and love and buy by-the-box to give as gifts to our less enviro-aware family members   . . . . .

The Environmental Toothbrush

the honest designer & manufacter (manufactured in china under contract), a dentist from brisbane of “The Environmental Toothbrush” was horrified when he was informed that their bristles were not made from nylon 4 and he let his buyers know that he had been misled.

following is the amended text on his website . . . .

The bristles are made from a BPA FREE polymer resistant to microbial growth during normal use, to ensure safety and durability.  We have tried to find a biodegradable bristle but as of this time there is nothing available – apart from boars hair (don’t want to go there).  No they are not Nylon 4 (as far as we know there are no bristles made from Nylon 4 on the market today).

We have tried to bring you a toothbrush that is better for the environment- over the years we have been misled by our manufactures about our bristles being made of Nylon 4.  We still believe that our toothbrush is a better alternative to a full Plastic toothbrush.

from Beth Terry


designed-for-all-1280logo

 

 

from bogobrush website . . .

We believe the world deserves a toothbrush worth caring about. We believe that starts with knowing where it came from, and how it was made. We believe it grows from an attention to aesthetics that will make you smile, and deepens with the beauty of giving back to someone in need. We believe that what is good for the planet, is good for us. We believe in the little toothbrush that could.

What kind of bristles are in a Bogobrush? Are they soft? Bogobrushes use the highest quality Tynex Nylon bristles from Dupont.  They are a “soft” bristle, and are polished with ceramic by our bristling manufacturer for an extra smooth feel.

How long will it take to break down, (i.e. degrade)?

It depends.  Maybe a few months, maybe a few years.  With any compostable material, the time of degradation depends on the health of the compost pile – humidity, temperature, and bio-diversity, (bugs, microbes, plants, etc. –  as well as the size and surface area of the product).
What will it degrade into?

Bogobrush bio-composite handles will degrade into carbon dioxide, water, and humus, (a soil nutrient).

about-feature2

Hi Marion,
Thank you for reaching out to us.  This is a great question.  Several years ago, we learned from our U.S. manufacturing partners that Nylon 4 was not actually a viable bristle option, despite what Chinese manufacturing told us.  This was before we started actual production, so we pulled all language of the sort from our marketing materials.  There is likely some lingering information out on the internet from our pre-order launch in 2012, but we certainly no longer claim that material for our brush.  While we wish there were other bristle options, we feel good about our decision to provide high quality bristles to our customers.  Some day, we hope demand for eco-bristles will help spur viable options.
You can go to our website shop page and scroll to FAQ section to learn more about our bristles and how we recommend composting our biodegradable brush.
Please let us know if you have further questions.  We will be happy to help!
Best,
Heather McDougall
co-founder

302438_471113779573595_1091126901_n-240x231Brush With Bamboo

 

from Beth Terry at Life Without Plastic

 


Total Clean Eco Toothbrush

Features of the Animal Lovers Total Clean Eco Toothbrush
Animal Lovers Total Clean Eco Toothbrush

  • Designed in conjunction with dental advice.
  • Easy-grip ergonomic bamboo biodegradable handle has natural flexibility, absorbing brushing pressure and reducing gum irritation.
  • Zig zag bristles with rounded tips for gentle cleaning in-between teeth and along the delicate gum line.
  • 30mm tapered head is smaller than regular over-sized toothbrush heads for easy access to those hard-to-reach places.
  • Heat treatment carbonizes the bamboo surface for water resistance and prevention of microbe growth (bacteria and moulds) during normal use.
  • Attractive, individual packaging made from recycled card makes the toothbrushes a great gift or Christmas stocking stuffer.

 


preserve

PreserveTB2015-Colors

 

 

 

Preserve

Features:

  • Made with LOVE and recycled yogurt cups
  • Handle created with 100% recycled #5 plastic; bristles are new nylon
  • Easy-to-grip curved handle
  • Tiered bristles for gentle, thorough cleaning
  • Includes reusable travel case
  • Be sure to learn about our toothbrush recycling program listed below

 

on a completely different subject ….   homemade laundry cleaner

 

 

 

Bristles: nylon 4 and nylon 6

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I am not liking nylon for bristles. nylon scratches enamel on teeth. does nylon 4 and nylon 6 scratch teeth?  Other nylton bristles do.  If I am going to use a toothbrush, I prefer humanely harvested pig bristle, as it does not wear away the enamel. And importantly, NYLON IS MADE FROM PETROLEUM.

Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of a bristle from a used toothbrush. It is covered in dental plaque. used toothbrush microscopePlaque consists of a film of bacteria embedded in a glycoprotein matrix. The matrix is formed from bacterial secretions and saliva. Plaque is the main cause of tooth decay. The bacteria feed on sugars in food, producing acid as a waste product. This acid corrodes the teeth’s enamel coating, resulting in dental caries. A build-up of dental plaque can also lead to inflamed and infected gums. Severe gum disease can lead to teeth falling out.

from Red Ice investigations and research:

Wallace Hume Carothers was an American chemist, inventor and the leader of organic chemistry at DuPont, credited with the invention of nylon. In 1938, DuPont manufactured the first nylon bristle toothbrushes. As of the turn of the Twenty-First Century, nylon had come to be widely used for the bristles. The handles were usually molded from thermoplastic materials.

Nylon is a toxic plastic made from petroleum. What nature provided for humans to clean their teeth with for thousands of years before nylon bristles worked just fine. In fact, many people find their gums bleed brushing with nylon bristles. If you have a cavity or sensitive gums, the last thing you should be doing is scrubbing nylon bristles against your teeth and gums.

 Some eco toothbrushes with nylon bristles:

Nylon 4:   Environmental Toothbrush Aust.       Total Clean Eco Toothbrush    Hemp Embassy Melting Pot

Nylon 6:   Brush With Bamboo 62% Castor Bean Oil, 38% nylon

Nylon:   Preserve     Environmental Toothbrush Aust          Bogobrush


Nylon 4 Bristles:

In activated sludge (sewage) or compost, nylon 4 breaks down in about 3-4 months.

ok, they are biodegradable, what does that mean?

Do they degrade into the soil without harming the soil etc within in reasonably short amount of time.

This article talks about biodegradability of plastics


NYLON 4

Is Nylon 4 biodegradable?:

Nylon 4 is a synthetic polymer, that has been shown to be vulnerable to bacterial activity specifically Pseudomonas strain ND-11. In activated sludge (sewage) or compost, nylon 4 breaks down in about 3-4 months.

Below are some links to research and articles, relating to the ability of nylon 4 to biodegrade:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2769161/

http://polychem3.webs.com/application.htm

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0141391010001515

International Journal of Molecular Sciences, which states that Nylon 4 — the material from which the bristles happen to be made — is also biodegradable in soil:

9.2. Nylon 4
It has been reported that nylon 4 was degraded in the soil [88] and in the activated sludge [89]. The results confirmed that Nylon 4 is readily degradable in the environment. Furthermore, the biodegradability of nylon 4 and nylon 6 blends was investigated in compost and activated sludge. The nylon 4 in the blend was completely degraded in 4 months while nylon 6 was not degraded [90]. Recently, Yamano et al. was able to isolate polyamide 4 degrading microorganisms (ND-10 and ND-11) from activated sludge. The strains were identified as Pseudomonas sp. The supernatant from the culture broth of strain ND-11 degraded completely the emulsified nylon 4 in 24 h and produced γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) as degradation product [91].

– See more at: http://myplasticfreelife.com/2011/05/eco-friendly-toothbrush-review-and-giveaway/#sthash.egIHXxqb.dpuf

and from International Journal of Molecular Sciences, on Nylon 4 and Nyton 6:

9. Polyamide (Nylon)

9.1. Nylon 6

Polyamide (nylon) has excellent mechanical and thermal properties, good chemical resistance and low permeability to gases, but it is known to be resistant to degradation in the natural environment. The poor biodegradability of nylon in comparison with aliphatic polyesters is probably due to its strong interchain interactions caused by the hydrogen bonds between molecular chains of nylon. Some microorganisms such as Flavobacterium sp. [85] and Pseudomonas sp. (NK87) [86] have been reported to degrade oligomers of nylon 6, but they cannot degrade nylon 6 polymers. Moreover, some white rot fungal strains were reported to degrade nylon 66 through oxidation processes [87].

9.2. Nylon 4

It has been reported that nylon 4 was degraded in the soil [88] and in the activated sludge [89]. The results confirmed that Nylon 4 is readily degradable in the environment. Furthermore, the biodegradability of nylon 4 and nylon 6 blends was investigated in compost and activated sludge. The nylon 4 in the blend was completely degraded in 4 months while nylon 6 was not degraded [90]. Recently, Yamano et al. was able to isolate polyamide 4 degrading microorganisms (ND-10 and ND-11) from activated sludge. The strains were identified as Pseudomonas sp. The supernatant from the culture broth of strain ND-11 degraded completely the emulsified nylon 4 in 24 h and produced γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) as degradation product [91].

Generally speaking, degradation of polyamides is still unclear. Thus further investigations on the pathways of degradation are necessary.

 


Brush With Bamboo

aboutbrush2FROM THE WEBISTE:

Brush with Bamboo is the world’s first plant-based toothbrush.

Every component of our product is plant-based: bristles, handle, wrapper, and box.

Brush with Bamboo is a USDA Certified Biobased Product by United States Government’s Biopreferred Program. A purchase of our toothbrush is a vote for biobased products that are not fossil fuel-based!

Our product is BPA-Free, Vegan, and Verified Non-toxic.

Plant-based bristles

This special SOFT bristle is composed of 62% Castor Bean Oil, 38% plastic. (EDITORS ITALICS) This is the latest and most advanced biobased bristle in the world today. It’s biobased, but still not biodegradable. You may have seen Dasani brand plastic water bottles made form 30% plants – our bristle is a similar concept. Prior to the invention of nylon in the 1930s, pig hair was used for toothbrush bristles worldwide. Today, pig hair remains the only biodegradable option – and it is a very controversial material. We hope you’ll support our brand as we “vote” with our supply chain. We’re pushing bristle manufacturers to develop better alternatives to nylon. This new bristle that we are now using is the best available option. t’s not perfect, but it’s a step in the right direction. Our bristles can be recycled – please read further details in the Proper Disposal Section of this website.

 

Powders and Paste

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Home made recipe at Econest

Home made Tooth Paste

index Lots of factors contribute to stained, yellow teeth. Drinking beverages that contain tannins, like coffee, tea and red wine contribute to yellow stains. Chewing and smoking tobacco can also stain our teeth.

So, how can we whiten our smiles without paying large amounts for professional teeth bleaching or expensive over the counter teeth whiteners or damaging our dear mother earth?

The trick I use at home, is simple, quick and inexpensive. Does this sound too good too be true?

Try it.

The recipe? Baking soda and hydrogen peroxide. That’s it.

Pour some hydrogen peroxide into its cap and add a big pinch of baking soda. Brush with this “paste” for a imagesfew minutes, a couple of times a week.

After achieving the whiteness desired, move to a once a week maintenance routine.

How does it work? Baking soda, or sodium bicarbonate, is a slightly alkaline powder that when dissolved in water, releases free radicals. The free radicals from the mixture interact with the stain molecules on the teeth enamel (outer layer of the teeth) and scrape off the yellow and brown stains. It also removes plaque from the teeth.

Baking soda is one of the cheapest commercial teeth whiteners present in the market today. One box of baking soda costs very little, and this one box can be used for over a hundred brushings. Baking soda has actually been recommended by some dentists to help fight gum disease.

Hydrogen peroxide has a whitening effect because it can pass easily into the outermost layer of the tooth, and acts as an oxidizing agent in breaking up stain deposits. Bleaching teeth with a 3% hydrogen peroxide solution is acknowledged as a safe practice by ecodentists.

Go easy. Use your common sense. Using baking soda in moderation. And do not deliberately swallow hydrogen peroxide.  A little will certainly not hurt you. The views expressed in this article are only meant as suggestions.

https://app.box.com/s/blbb11ffww1lohait2cl

here is another version step by step:

  • Pour 2 teaspoons (10 milliliters) of hydrogen peroxide into 3 teaspoons (15 milliliters) of baking soda. Mix these together until a paste forms. Play with these measurements until you find a consistency that you like. The paste should be similar in thickness to toothpaste.
  • Add a tiny bit of mint toothpaste to your homemade paste to give it a fresh flavor. You can also add a drop of peppermint extract.
  • Mix in a dash of salt. The salt will exfoliate your teeth as you brush.
  • Dollop the paste mixture onto your toothbrush.
  • Brush the paste onto your teeth in small, circular motions. Once all teeth are covered, let the mixture sit on your teeth for 2 minutes.
  • Rinse the solution off of your teeth by swishing with water from the bathroom sink.
  • Brush your teeth with toothpaste to rid your mouth of any remnants of the hydrogen peroxide mixture.

Carbamide peroxide & Hydrogen Peroxide for teeth whitening.
Most people are familiar with carbamide peroxide since it is the agent most commonly used for bleaching (whitening) the teeth.  The dental profession has recently begun to recommend carbamide peroxide as a means of preventing periodontal disease and tooth decay in patients who are unable to carry out normal oral hygiene measures such as regular brushing and flossing.  For patients like these, rubber trays are fabricated to fit over both the teeth and the gingiva.  The tooth indents in the trays are filled with 10% carbamide peroxide and the patient wears the trays for two hours once a day, or overnight.  The carbamide peroxide breaks down into 3.5% hydrogen peroxide and 6.5% urea when it contacts plaque.  The urea further breaks down into ammonia and carbon dioxide under the action of bacteria.  The hydrogen peroxide kills the plaque bacteria, and the ammonia raises the PH of the plaque neutralizing the acid that causes tooth decay.

Hydrogen Peroxide does not harm teeth, in fact it keeps the mouth free of harmful bacteria.


Holistic Dental Tooth Powder

herbal-tooth-gum-powder

100% Natural Full Strength Ingredients: Wildcrafted White Oak bark, Organic Plantain herb, Organic Peppermint leaf, Aloe vera resin, Wildcrafted Horsetail herb, Myrrh gum, Organic Clove bud, Organic Lobelia herb & seed, Goldenseal root.

Our Natural Tooth Powder Ingredients and Their Purpose

  • Wildcrafted White Oak Bark – anti-inflamatory, astringent, rich in vitamins
  • Organic Plantain – tightens tissues and is soothing.
  • Organic Peppermint – antibacterial provides relief and relaxation
  • Aloe Vera Resin- known for its ability to heal and to soothe
  • Wildcrafted Horestail – Can be effective in strengthening nails, hair, and teeth
  • Wildcrafted Myrrh Gum – Soothing
  • Organic Clove Bud – Freshens breath and prevents tooth and gum disintegration
  • Organic Lobelia herb and seed – medicinal “cure all” plant
  • Wildcrafted Goldenseal root – natural antibiotic, and all purpose healer
  • Willow Charcoal – gently whitens teeth
  • Menthol derived from corn mint
  • Licorice Root

Conditions: Gingivitis, pyorrhea, and other tooth and gum problems. Might assist in tightening loose teeth. Excellent for normal brushing. This can replace toothpastes. *Please consult with your dentist or doctor if you have significant health problems or significant gum disease before using this product.

Directions: Apply generously to moistened tooth brush and brush teeth as usual.

The experience of using: You will feel a strong minty/ menthol taste as the herbs clean, heal, give nutrients to and disinfect your mouth. If you are highly sensitive to tastes and smells, this product may be too strong for you.

Note: If the toothpowder discolors your tooth brush, then you can clean your tooth brush with hot water or some natural soap and that usually makes it white again. (Holistic Dental Toothpowder Does Not Stain Teeth)

Jar Size: 2 ounces
Tooth Powder by Weight: 1 ounce

Gums (Bleeding, Loose Teeth, Inflammation)

This herbal combination will disinfect, reduce inflammation and tighten up the teeth and gum. Works well with Herbal Mouth wash two-three times per day.

Tooth Powder vs. Tooth Paste

Tooth powders contain herbs which apply nutrients and natural medicines to your teeth and gums. Our tooth powder is very mildly abrasive and is in general less abrasive than tooth pastes and less abrasive than baking soda or other tooth powders made with low cost filler ingredients. The herbs in this herbal tooth powder are potent.

Tooth paste is usually toxic with cheap fillers and ingredients. Many ingredients might be unlisted or mislabeled as cosmetic products do not require the same standards of food. Tooth pastes usually contain abrasive ingredients to make teeth look white and to polish off the plaque. Unfortunately it is difficult to perceive how abrasive the sand in them is because it is blended as a paste.


EcoDent ExtraBrite

164024Eco-dent
Premium Oral Care Products
Extrabrite
More Whitening Power
Dazzling Mint Tooth Whitener
Without Fluoride
Naturally Effervescent
Baking Soda Toothpowder
Net Wt 2 Oz/56 G
Up To 200 Brushings

ExtraBrite toothpowder. Many people are not familiar with using a toothpowder, but it really is very simple. The product comes in a 2 ounce bottle with an ‘easy-pour’ cap. Simply pour an amount approximately the size of a pea onto a moistened toothbrush and brush away! The product tastes great, has a consistent foaming-action, and actually makes your teeth feel “squeaky clean” due to the action of the baking soda base.*

ExtraBrite uses a mint flavor which leaves your breath fresh and literally makes you want to smile. It’s also sugar free, so it does not have the over-bearing sweetness of most modern toothpastes.*

Eco-DenT toothpowders have been consistently praised by dentists and researchers both in Europe and the USA for over 70 years. Dr. David C Kennedy, DDS, past president of the Preventive Dental Health Association and the International Academy of Oral Medicine and Toxicology, perhaps said it best when he wrote his opinion:

“I have used and recommended Eco-Dent for many years in my dental practice and can highly recommend Eco-DenT ExtraBrite – Tooth Whitener – Dazzling Mint for those who want an effective non-toxic cleaner. Clinically I’ve seen patients who were able to remineralize incipient decay with Eco-Dent .” *

Ingredients

Sodium Bicarbonate (Baking Soda), Tartaric Acid, Calcium Carbonate, Dicalcium Phosphate, Magnesium Carbonate, Calcium Peroxide, Sea Salt, Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (Coconut derived), Hydrated Silica, Natural Flavoring Oils, Guar Gum, Myrrh Extract

Suggested Use
Apply small amount to moistened toothbrush. Brush as usual. For a great smile, brush with Extra-Brite two (2) times daily for two to three (2-3) weeks. Then maintain your new smile with Eco-DenT DailyCare.
Warnings
Not recommended for children under twelve (12). … Some individuals may be sensitive to ExtraBrite’s powerful oxidizing whitener. If gums become sensitive, decrease or discontinue use.
Allergen Info
100% Cruelty Free. No Dyes or Sweeteners. 100% Natural Ingredients

And the company cites an article in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences, which states that Nylon 4 — the material from which the bristles happen to be made — is also biodegradable in soil:

9.2. Nylon 4
It has been reported that nylon 4 was degraded in the soil [88] and in the activated sludge [89]. The results confirmed that Nylon 4 is readily degradable in the environment. Furthermore, the biodegradability of nylon 4 and nylon 6 blends was investigated in compost and activated sludge. The nylon 4 in the blend was completely degraded in 4 months while nylon 6 was not degraded [90]. Recently, Yamano et al. was able to isolate polyamide 4 degrading microorganisms (ND-10 and ND-11) from activated sludge. The strains were identified as Pseudomonas sp. The supernatant from the culture broth of strain ND-11 degraded completely the emulsified nylon 4 in 24 h and produced γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) as degradation product [91].

– See more at: http://myplasticfreelife.com/2011/05/eco-friendly-toothbrush-review-and-giveaway/#sthash.DMFJFdAm.dpuf

And the company cites an article in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences, which states that Nylon 4 — the material from which the bristles happen to be made — is also biodegradable in soil:

9.2. Nylon 4
It has been reported that nylon 4 was degraded in the soil [88] and in the activated sludge [89]. The results confirmed that Nylon 4 is readily degradable in the environment. Furthermore, the biodegradability of nylon 4 and nylon 6 blends was investigated in compost and activated sludge. The nylon 4 in the blend was completely degraded in 4 months while nylon 6 was not degraded [90]. Recently, Yamano et al. was able to isolate polyamide 4 degrading microorganisms (ND-10 and ND-11) from activated sludge. The strains were identified as Pseudomonas sp. The supernatant from the culture broth of strain ND-11 degraded completely the emulsified nylon 4 in 24 h and produced γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) as degradation product [91].

– See more at: http://myplasticfreelife.com/2011/05/eco-friendly-toothbrush-review-and-giveaway/#sthash.DMFJFdAm.dpuf

And the company cites an article in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences, which states that Nylon 4 — the material from which the bristles happen to be made — is also biodegradable in soil:

9.2. Nylon 4
It has been reported that nylon 4 was degraded in the soil [88] and in the activated sludge [89]. The results confirmed that Nylon 4 is readily degradable in the environment. Furthermore, the biodegradability of nylon 4 and nylon 6 blends was investigated in compost and activated sludge. The nylon 4 in the blend was completely degraded in 4 months while nylon 6 was not degraded [90]. Recently, Yamano et al. was able to isolate polyamide 4 degrading microorganisms (ND-10 and ND-11) from activated sludge. The strains were identified as Pseudomonas sp. The supernatant from the culture broth of strain ND-11 degraded completely the emulsified nylon 4 in 24 h and produced γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) as degradation product [91].

– See more at: http://myplasticfreelife.com/2011/05/eco-friendly-toothbrush-review-and-giveaway/#sthash.DMFJFdAm.dpuf